Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Called Judah in the Old Testament. The territory associated with the tribe of Judah (e.g., Matt 2:1; Mark 10:1; Luke 1:5; 5:17; John 4:3; Acts 1:8; 2:9; 26:20; 28:21; Rom 15:31; 2 Cor 1:16; Gal 1:22; 1 Thess 2:14).
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
JUDAEA. The Gk. and Rom. designation of the land of *Judah. The word is actually an adjective (‘Jewish’) with gē (‘land’) or chōra (‘country’) understood. After the Roman conquest (63 bc) it appears both in a wider sense, denoting all Palestine, including Galilee and Samaria, and in the narrower sense,
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Judaea. The term used in Christ’s time to describe the territory corresponding broadly to that covered by the kingdom of *Judah before the *Babylonian captivity. It designated the most southern of the three districts, Galilee, Samaria, and Judaea, into which Palestine, west of the *Jordan, was divided;
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Judæ´a, or Jude´a (from Judah), a territorial division which succeeded to the overthrow of the ancient landmarks of the tribes of Israel and Judah in their respective captivities. The word first occurs Dan. 5:13, Authorized Version “Jewry,” and the first mention of the “province of Judea” is in the book
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
JUDAEA<joo-de’-a>, <ju-de’-a> ([ Ἰουδαία, Ioudaia]): The “land of the Jews,” the Greco-Roman equivalent of Judah. As most of the Israelites returning from the captivity belonged to the tribe of Judah, they came to be called Jews and their land Judea. In Tobit 1:18 the name is applied to the old
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Ju-dæʹa, the Latin form of Judah, but with a larger signification, a province of Palestine rather than the territory of a tribe. Before our Lord’s birth Palestine was divided into three distinct provinces—Galilee on the north, Samaria in the middle, and Judæa on the south (John 4:3–5). The latter province
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
JUDÆA.—1. In its earlier signification the term ‘Judæa’ (Ἰουδαία) was applied to a limited district, of which Jerusalem was the centre, occupied by the captives who returned from Babylon after the decree of Cyrus. The scattered remnants of the Israelites who availed themselves of this opportunity,
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
JUDAEA, jōō-dēʹa, jū-dēʹa (Ἰουδαία, Ioudaía): The “land of the Jews,” the Gr-Rom equivalent of Judah. As most of the Israelites returning from the captivity belonged to the tribe of Judah, they came to be called Jews and their land Judaea. In Tob 1:18 the name is applied to the old kingdom of