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Jozacar (assassin)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
(‮‬יוֹזָבָד‎, yozavad). Also called Jozacar (יוֹזָכָר‎, yozakhar) and Zabad (זָבָד‎, zavad‮‬). One of two servants who conspired and successfully assassinated Joash, king of Judah (2 Kgs 12:21; 2 Chr 24:26). The names of the two assassins given in the Masoretic Text at 2 Kgs 12:21 (12:22 in Hebrew) are spelling variants of the same name—Jozabad (יוֹזָבָד‎, yozavad) and Jehozabad (יְהוֹזָבָד‎, yehozavad). However, the Septuagint appears to have read “Jozacar” for the first name (Ιεζιχαρ, Iezichar). Some Hebrew manuscripts also give his name as “Jozacar” (יוֹזָכָר‎, yozakhar). It is curious that both assassins are given the same name, so it is possible that “Jozacar” was the correct reading that was later corrupted to “Jozabad” based on the visual similarity with “Jehozabad.” However, the rendering of the name as “Zabad” in 2 Chr 24:26 suggests the textual variation occurred very early. In 2 Chronicles 24:26, the names of the assassins’ parents are construed as feminine, with Shimeath identified as the “Ammonitess” and Shimrith identified as the “Moabitess.” There are additional textual issues surrounding the names of the assassins’ parents. For further information, see these articles: Shimeath; Shomer, Father of Jehozabad.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Jozacar, Son of Shimrith
Jozabad, Son of Shimeath (‮‬יוֹזָבָד‎, yozavad). Also called Jozacar (יוֹזָכָר‎, yozakhar) and Zabad (זָבָד‎, zavad‮‬). One of two servants who conspired and successfully assassinated Joash, king of Judah (2 Kgs 12:21; 2 Chr 24:26). The names of the two assassins given in the Masoretic Text at 2 Kgs 12:21
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Jehozabad (Person)
JEHOZABAD (PERSON) [Heb yĕhôzābād (יְהֹוזָבָד)]. Three individuals in the OT bear this name. On the form of the name which means “Yahweh has given,” compare the biblical Elzabad and the Aramean Nabû-zabad.1. Jehozabad the son of Shomer was a servant of Joash who participated in the assassination
Jozabad (Person)
JOZABAD (PERSON) [Heb yôzābād (יֹוזָבָד)]. Jozabad occurs only in postexilic biblical writings. While it was quite possibly a common Judean name in the Persian period, the Chronicler seems to have retrojected anachronistically the name of a levitical treasurer from the time of Ezra and Nehemiah (#6)
Jozacar (Person)
JOZACAR (PERSON) [Heb yôzākār (יֹוזָכָר)]. A servant of Joash, king of Judah, who, with Jehozabad, conspired against the king and killed him (2 Kgs 12:22—Eng 12:21). In some mss he is called Jozabad, instead of Jozacar. This variation can be accounted for as a copyist’s error wherein the bet is read
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Jehozabad
Jehozabad. 1. Shomer’s son, who was a servant of King Josiah and later, with another assailant, murdered the king at Millo (2 Kgs 12:21). In a parallel passage, Jehozabad is called the son of Shimrith the Moabitess (2 Chr 24:26). King Amaziah eventually executed Jehozabad for his murder of Josiah (2
Josabad
Josabad. kjv spelling of Jozabad, a Benjamite warrior, in 1 Chronicles 12:4.See Jozabad #1.
Jozabad
Jozabad. 1. Benjamite from Gederah and one of the military men who came to David’s support at Ziklag (1 Chr 12:4, kjv Josabad).2. Leader and mighty warrior from Manasseh’s tribe who joined David at Ziklag to fight against Saul (1 Chr 12:20).3. Another leader and man of valor from Manasseh’s tribe who
Jozacar, Jozachar
Jozacar, Jozachar. Son of Shimeath the Ammonitess and one of the royal servants who conspired against and murdered King Joash of Judah (2 Kgs 12:21, kjv Jozachar). He is alternately called Zabad in 2 Chronicles 24:26.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Jehozabad
1. A servant of King Jehoash of Judah. According to 2 K. 12:21 (MT 22), he was a son of Shomer, but 2 Ch. 24:26 makes him “son of Shimrith the Moabitess.”
Jozabad
1. A Gederathite, and one of David’s recruits at Ziklag (1 Ch. 12:4 [MT 5]). He is named with the Benjaminites, but possibly he was a native of the town Gedara in southern Judah.
Jozacar
Jozacar jozʹə-kär, jə-zāʹkär [Heb. yôzāḵār—‘Yahweh has remembered’]; AV JOZACHAR. Servant and murderer (with Jehozabad) of Joash, king of Judah (2 K. 12:21 [MT 22]); called Zabad in 2 Ch. 24:26. Some MSS have “Jozabad” in 2 Kings.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Jehozabad
JEHOZABAD1. Shomer’s son, who was a servant of King Joash and later, with another assailant, murdered the king at Millo (2 Kgs 12:21). In a parallel passage, Jehozabad is called the son of Shimrith the Moabitess (2 Chr 24:26). King Amaziah, Joash’s son, eventually executed Jehozabad for the murder (25:3).
Josabad
JOSABAD* kjv spelling of Jozabad, a Benjamite warrior, in 1 Chronicles 12:4. See Jozabad #1.
Jozabad
JOZABAD1. Benjamite from Gederah and one of the military men who came to David’s support at Ziklag (1 Chr 12:4).2, 3. Leaders and mighty warriors from Manasseh’s tribe who joined David at Ziklag to fight against Saul (1 Chr 12:20).4. One of the Levites who assisted with the administration of the temple
Jozacar, Jozachar
JOZACAR*, JOZACHAR* Son of Shimeath the Ammonitess and one of the royal servants who conspired against the murdered King Joash of Judah (2 Kgs 12:21). He is alternately called Zabad in 2 Chronicles 24:26. See Zabad.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Jehozabad
Jehozabad (ji-hoh´zuh-bad; Heb., “the Lord is a gift” or “the Lord has given”).1 A retainer of King Joash of Judah who, with another retainer, Jozacar, assassinated the king (2 Kings 12:21); he was executed by Joash’s son Amaziah shortly after Amaziah took the throne (ca. 800 bce; 14:5). According to
Jozabad
Jozabad (joh´zuh-bad; a shortened form of Jehozabad; Heb., “the Lord is a gift” or “the Lord has given”).1 A Gederathite who joined David’s warriors at Ziklag (1 Chron. 12:4).2 A Manassite who defected from Saul to join David (1 Chron. 12:20).3 A Levite who helped oversee the collection of the temple
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Jehozabad
JEHOZABAD1. The son of Shomer (or Shimrith), a Moabitess. He was one of the two servants of Joash of Judah who assassinated the king at the house of Millo, (2 Kgs 12:20–21; 2 Chr 24:26).2. A Levite, the second son of Obed-edom. He was appointed a doorkeeper of the temple by David (1 Chr 26:4).3. A
Jozabad
JOZABAD1. A volunteer from Gederah in David’s army at Ziklag (1 Chr 12:4, KJV, Josabad).2. 3. Two Manassite captains in David’s army at Ziklag (1 Chr 12:20).4. A Levite overseer under king Hezekiah (2 Chr 31:13).5. A chief Levite under King Josiah (2 Chr 35:9).6. A priest who divorced his non-Jewish
Jozachar
JOZACHAR. A son of Shimeath and one of two murderers of King Joash of Judah (2 Kgs 12:21), identified as Zabad in (2 Chr 24:26).
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Jozachar
JOZACHAR (Heb. yôzāḵār, ‘Yahweh has remembered’). A servant of Joash who took part in his assassination (2 Ki. 12:20–21) but was subsequently executed by Amaziah (2 Ki. 14:5). Some mss read ‘Jozabad’ in 2 Ki. 12:21, abbreviated to ‘Zabad’ in 2 Ch. 24:26, by confusion with the similar name of the
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Jehozabad
Jehozabad (Heb. yĕhôzāḇāḏ)1. A servant of Joash of Judah who participated in the king’s assassination. According to 2 Kgs. 12:21 (MT 22) he was the son of Shomer, but 2 Chr. 24:26 calls him the son of Shimrith (a variant of Shomer), a Moabite woman. He in turn was assassinated by Joash’s son and
Jozabad
Jozabad (Heb. yôzāḇāḏ)1. A Benjaminite from Gederah who joined David at Ziklag (1 Chr. 12:4 [MT 5]).2–3. Two men of Manasseh, chiefs of thousands, who joined David at Ziklag (1 Chr. 12:20 [21]).4. One of the overseers of the temple offerings appointed by Hezekiah during his temple reform (2 Chr.
Jozacar
Jozacar (Heb. yôzāḵār) (also ZABAD)A servant of King Joash of Judah who, with Jehozabad, murdered the king (2 Kgs. 12:21 [MT 22]; some MSS read “Jozabad”). In the parallel account he is called Zabad (4; 2 Chr. 24:26).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Jehozabad
Jehozabad [jə hōˊzə băd] (Heb. yehôzāḇāḏ, “Yahweh has given”).†
Jozabad
Jozabad [jōˊzə băd] (Heb. yôzāḇāḏ “Yahweh has bestowed”; shortened form of yehôzāḇāḏ).†
Jozacar
Jozacar [jōˊzə kär] (Heb. yôzāḵār “Yahweh has remembered”).† A servant of King Joash of Judah who, with Jehozabad, murdered the king (2 Kgs. 12:21; KJV “Jozachar”; some MSS read “Jozabad”; so NIV). In the parallel account he is called Zabad (2 Chr. 24:26).
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Jehozabad
Jehoz´abad (whom Jehovah gave).1. A Korhite Levite, second son of Obededom, and one of the porters of the south gate of the temple and of the storehouse there in the time of David. 1 Chron. 26:4, 15, compared with Neh. 12:25. (b.c. 1014.)2. A Benjamite, captain of 180,000 armed men, in the days of
Josabad
Jos´abad (whom Jehovah bestows), properly Jozabad the Gederathite, one of the warriors of Benjamin who joined David at Ziklag. 1 Chron. 12:4. (b.c. 1055.)
Jozabad
Joz´abad (Jehovah justifies).1. A captain of the thousands of Manasseh, who deserted to David before the battle of Gilboa. 1 Chron. 12:20. (b.c. 1053.)2. A hero of Manasseh, like the preceding. 1 Chron. 12:20.3. A Levite in the reign of Hezekiah. 2 Chron. 31:13. (b.c. 726.)4. A chief Levite in the
Jozachar
Joz´achar (whom Jehovah has remembered), one of the murderers of Joash king of Judah. 2 Kings 12:21. The writer of the Chronicles, 2 Chron. 24:26, calls him Zabad. (b.c. 837.)
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Jehozabad
JEHOZ´ABAD (je-hozʹa-bad; “Jehovah endowed”).1. The son of Shomer (or Shimrith), a Moabitess, and one of the two servants who assassinated King Jehoash of Judah in that part of Jerusalem called Millo (2 Kings 12:21; 2 Chron. 24:26), about 797 b.c.2. A Korahite Levite, second son of Obed-edom, and one
Jozabad
JOZ´ABAD (jozʹa-bad; contraction of Jehozabad, “Jehovah endowed”).1. An inhabitant of Gederah, and one of the famous Benjamite archers who came to David at Ziklag (1 Chron. 12:4; “Josabad,” KJV), before 1000 b.c.2, 3. Two of the “captains” of Manasseh having this name who joined David when retreating
Jozacar
JOZ´ACAR (jozʹa-kar; “Jehovah has remembered”). The son of Shimeath, an Ammonitess, and one of the two servants of Joash, king of Judah, who formed a conspiracy against him and killed him in Millo (2 Kings 12:21; 2 Chron. 24:25–26; in the former passage the KJV term is Jozachar and the NIV Jozabad; in
See also
Relatives
Shimrith Father
Roles