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Joy
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Closely related to gladness and happiness, although joy is more a state of being than an emotion; a result of choice. One of the fruits of the spirit (Gal 5:22–23). Having joy is part of the experience of being a Christian.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Joy
Joy (שִׂמְחָה‎, simchah; χαρά, chara). Closely related to gladness and happiness, although joy is more a state of being than an emotion; a result of choice. One of the fruits of the spirit (Gal 5:22–23). Having joy is part of the experience of being a Christian.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Joy
JOY. The experience of deliverance and the anticipation of salvation provide the most significant occasions for rejoicing among the people of God in the OT. The coming of the Messiah, who delivers his people and brings salvation becomes the basis for rejoicing in the NT. The response of joy, gladness,
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Joy
Joy. Positive human condition that can be either feeling or action. The Bible uses joy in both senses.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Joy
JOY Positive human condition that can be either feeling or action. The Bible uses “joy” in both senses.Joy as a Feeling Joy is a feeling called forth by well-being, success, or good fortune. A person automatically experiences it because of certain favorable circumstances. It cannot be commanded.The
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Joy
joy. The Bible contains scattered references to happiness derived from sexual love (Song of Sol. 1:4), married life (Prov. 5:18), the birth of children (Ps. 113:9), and especially the pleasures of harvest (Deut. 26:1–11; 1 Chron. 12:40; Isa. 9:3) and feasting (Ezra 6:22; Eccles. 8:15). These, however,
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Joy, Rejoice
JOY, REJOICE. Joy is inseparably connected with the life of God’s people in the OT and NT (Deut 12:7, 12; Phil 4:4). It characterizes the heavenly hosts before the throne of God (Rev 19:6–7), and the consecrated life of the Christian on earth with his hope for future glory (1 Pet 4:13).In the OT joy
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Joy
JOY. The biblical words are: Heb. śimḥâ, verb śāmēaḥ, which imply also its outward expression (cf. the Arab. cognate, meaning ‘to be excited’), and less usually gîl (verb and noun); Gk. chara (verb chairō), and agalliasis (frequently used in lxx, and corresponding to śimḥâ), meaning intense
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Joy
JoyThe language of joy is prominent in the Gospels, being expressed by no less than seven words: agalliao mai, agalliasis, euphrainō, skirtaō, chairō, sugchairō and chara. Agalliaomai and agalliasis, though derived from classical use, are found only in Jewish works or writings dependent on them.
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Joy
JoyFor Paul, Christianity was the religion of joy as much as the religion of grace. Since all was of grace as far as his justification was concerned, one of the main consequences of his reconciliation with God was his ability to “rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ” (Rom 5:11), in spite of
Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
Joy
JoyJoy is a major theme that runs throughout the writings of the OT, the NT and the literature of the early church fathers (see Apostolic Fathers). It is a word with great theological significance, because everywhere in these documents joy in the true sense, both individual and corporate, is rooted
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Joy
JOY. Usually some form of Heb. gı̂l, to “leap,” or “spin around” with pleasure; a stronger term than śimḥâ (Ps. 30:5; etc.); māśôś (Job 8:19; etc.), rejoicing; Gk. chara (Matt. 2:10), gladness; the cause or occasion of joy (Luke 2:10; 1 Thess. 2:20).1. Joy is a delight of the mind arising from
Key passages
Ps 96:11–13

Let the heavens be glad and the earth rejoice. Let the sea with its fullness roar. Let the field with all that is in it exult. Then all the trees of the forests will sing for joy before Yahweh, for he is coming; for he is coming to judge the earth. He will judge the world with righteousness, …

Is 55:12

For you shall go out in joy, and you shall be led in peace. The mountains and the hills shall break forth before you, rejoicing and all the trees of the field shall clap hands.

Jn 16:20–22

Truly, truly I say to you, that you will weep and lament, but the world will rejoice; you will become sorrowful, but your sorrow will change to joy. A woman, when she gives birth, experiences pain because her hour has come. But when her child is born, she no longer remembers the affliction, on …

Heb 12:1–2

Therefore, since we also have such a great cloud of witnesses surrounding us, putting aside every weight and the sin that so easily ensnares us, let us run with patient endurance the race that has been set before us, fixing our eyes on Jesus, the originator and …

1 Pe 1:3–9

Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to his great mercy has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, into an inheritance imperishable and undefiled and unfading, reserved in heaven …

See also
Ex 15:1–21; Ex 18:1–27; Le 23:33–44; Dt 12:1–28; Dt 14:22–29; Dt 16:9–17; Dt 26:1–15; Dt 27:1–10; Dt 33:1–29; Ru 2:1–23; 1 Sa 2:1–11; 1 Sa 18:1–16; 2 Sa 6:1–23; 1 Ki 1:28–53; 1 Ki 5:1–18; 1 Ki 8:62–66; 2 Ki 11:13–21; 1 Ch 12:23–13:14; 1 Ch 15:1–29; 1 Ch 16:7–36; 1 Ch 29:1–20; 2 Ch 6:12–7:11; 2 Ch 15:1–19; 2 Ch 20:1–30; 2 Ch 23:12–24:14; 2 Ch 29:20–30:27; Ezr 3:8–13; Ezr 6:13–22; Ne 8:1–18; Ne 12:27–47; Es 5:9–14; Es 8:1–17; Job 20:1–21:34; Job 29:1–25; Job 33:1–33; Job 38:1–24; Ps 2:1–12; Ps 4:1–8; Ps 5:1–12; Ps 13:1–6; Ps 14:1–7; Ps 16:1–11; Ps 20:1–9; Ps 21:1–13; Ps 27:1–14; Ps 28:1–9; Ps 30:1–12; Ps 31:1–24; Ps 32:1–33:22; Ps 35:1–28; Ps 40:1–17; Ps 43:1–5; Ps 47:1–9; Ps 48:1–14; Ps 51:1–19; Ps 53:1–6; Ps 63:1–11; Ps 64:1–10; Ps 65:1–13; Ps 66:1–20; Ps 67:1–7; Ps 68:1–35; Ps 70:1–71:24; Ps 81:1–16; Ps 84:1–12; Ps 85:1–13; Ps 90:1–17; Ps 92:1–15; Ps 95:1–97:12; Ps 98:1–9; Ps 100:1–5; Ps 104:1–106:23; Ps 107:1–22; Ps 113:1–9; Ps 118:1–29; Ps 119:73–80; Ps 119:105–112; Ps 119:161–168; Ps 126:1–6; Ps 132:1–18; Ps 149:1–9; Pr 8:22–31; Pr 10:28; Pr 11:10; Pr 12:20; Pr 13:9; Pr 14:10; Pr 14:13; Pr 15:23; Pr 15:30; Pr 17:22; Pr 21:15; Pr 23:22–25; Pr 28:12; Pr 29:2; Pr 29:6; Ec 2:12–26; Ec 3:9–4:3; Ec 5:8–8:1; Ec 8:10–9:12; Ec 11:1–12:8; So 1:1–2:7; Is 9:1–7; Is 12:1–6; Is 24:1–26:19; Is 29:17–24; Is 35:1–10; Is 41:1–20; Is 42:10–13; Is 48:12–22; Is 51:1–16; Is 52:1–12; Is 55:1–56:8; Is 60:1–18; Is 61:1–62:12; Is 63:15–65:25; Is 66:5–24; Je 15:10–18; Je 31:1–14; Je 51:34–58; Joe 2:18–27; Hab 1:12–2:1; Hab 3:17–19; Zep 3:14–20; Zec 2:6–13; Zec 4:1–14; Zec 8:1–23; Zec 9:9–10; Zec 10:1–12; Mal 4:1–6; Mt 2:1–12; Mt 5:1–12; Mt 13:1–23; Mt 13:44; Mt 18:12–14; Mt 21:1–11; Mt 25:14–30; Mt 28:1–8; Mk 4:1–20; Lk 1:11–17; Lk 1:39–66; Lk 2:8–20; Lk 6:20–26; Lk 8:4–15; Lk 10:17–24; Lk 13:10–17; Lk 15:1–32; Lk 19:1–10; Lk 19:28–44; Lk 24:33–43; Lk 24:49–53; Jn 3:22–36; Jn 4:27–38; Jn 5:31–35; Jn 8:48–59; Jn 14:22–15:11; Jn 16:16–33; Jn 17:6–19; Ac 2:14–39; Ac 5:33–42; Ac 8:4–8; Ac 8:26–40; Ac 12:5–19; Ac 13:42–52; Ac 15:1–5; Ac 15:30–35; Ac 16:25–34; Ro 5:1–11; Ro 12:9–21; Ro 14:14–23; Ro 15:7–13; Ro 15:22–33; Ro 16:17–20; 1 Co 7:25–40; 1 Co 12:12–13:13; 1 Co 16:13–18; 2 Co 1:15–2:11; 2 Co 6:1–10; 2 Co 7:2–8:7; 2 Co 13:11–14; Ga 4:21–31; Ga 5:16–26; Php 1:3–18; Php 2:1–4; Php 2:12–18; Php 2:25–3:11; Php 3:17–4:7; Php 4:10–20; Col 1:9–18; Col 1:24–2:10; 1 Th 1:2–10; 1 Th 2:17–20; 1 Th 3:6–10; 1 Th 5:12–22; 2 Ti 1:3–7; Phm 4–7; Heb 10:26–39; Heb 12:1–2; Heb 13:7–17; Jas 1:2–8; 1 Pe 1:3–12; 1 Pe 4:12–19; 1 Jn 1:1–4; 2 Jn 4–6; 2 Jn 12–13; 3 Jn 1–4; Jud 24–25; Re 11:7–10; Re 12:7–12; Re 18:9–20; Re 19:1–10;
See also
Topics & Themes