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Jotham tells a parable on Mount Gerizim
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A story or saying that illustrates a truth using comparison, hyperbole, or simile. Can be a model, analogy, or example.In Greek rhetoric, parables were used in argumentation to clarify, prove, or cause something to appear livelier (Rhet. Her. 4.45.58–4.48.61). Rabbinic parables explain passages of Scripture, or illustrate an interpretation of a passage already provided.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Parable
Parable (מָשָׁ֑ל‎, mashal; παραβολή, parabolē). A story or saying that illustrates a truth using comparison, hyperbole, or simile. Can be a model, analogy, or example.In Greek rhetoric, parables were used in argumentation to clarify, prove, or cause something to appear livelier (Rhet. Her. 4.45.58–4.48.61).
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Parable
PARABLE. An extended metaphor or simile frequently becoming a brief narrative, generally used in biblical times for didactic purposes.A. Parabolic GenreB. Parabolic Corpus1. The Hebrew Scriptures2. The Jesus TraditionC. Parabolic InterpretationA. Parabolic GenreThe Greco-Roman literary tradition
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Parable
Parable [Heb. māšāl—‘saying’; cf. niphal of māšal—‘be like’] (Ps. 78:2); NEB “story with a meaning”; [piel of dāmâ] (Hos. 12:10 [MT 11]); AV SIMILITUDE; [Gk. parabolḗ—‘comparison’] (Mt. 13 par; 22:1; Mk. 3:23; 7:17 par; 12:1, 12 par; Lk. 5:36; 6:39; 12:16; 13:6; etc.). A metaphor or simile often
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Parable
PARABLE A particular form of Jesus’ teaching in the Gospels.PreviewIntroductionHistory of InterpretationThe Meaning of “Parable”The Purpose of ParablesThe Reason Jesus Taught in ParablesIntroduction An understanding of parables is essential if one is to understand the teaching of Jesus,
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Parables
parables, short sayings or stories with a double meaning. In the Bible, the term “parable” (Gk. parabolē) is used broadly to designate a variety of literary forms that convey metaphorical or figurative meaning—not just stories, but aphorisms, proverbs, riddles, dialogues, and discourses. In the Aristotelian
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Parable
PARABLEMeaning of the term. The word parable is derived from the GR. parabolē which etymologically means “a placing of things side by side,” usually for the purpose of comparison. Since in the LXX parabolē was used to translate the Heb. word māshāl, some of the diverse meanings of māshāl have
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Parables
ParablesTransliteration of Gk parabolḗ, used in the NT to identify a variety of literary forms. Literally the word signifies something cast alongside another thing to clarify it. However, literary units identified as parables in the NT themselves generally require clarification and are frequently,
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Parable
Parable (Gk. parabolḗ).† The parables of Jesus in the Synoptic Gospels are similes or metaphors, sometimes extended into narratives, which involve everyday life and objects and typical events of households, farms, and royal courts. They are a primary means of Jesus’ teaching, closely connected to
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Parable
ParableThe English word parable refers to a short narrative with two levels of meaning. The Greek and Hebrew words for “parable” are much broader. Jesus’ parables are both works of art and the weapons he used in the conflict with his opponents. They were the teaching method he chose most frequently
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Parable
PARABLE (Greek, “comparison”) A short pictorial narrative designed to impart a lesson or truth in a memorable way.Jesus’s parables resemble those found in the Old Testament and rabbinic literature. The OT utilizes varied kinds of metaphors, proverbs, and riddles, but it also contains parables, such
Key passages
Jdg 9:7–20

And they told Jotham, and he went up and stood on the top of Mount Gerizim, and he cried out loud and said to them, “Listen to me, lords of Shechem, so that God may listen to you. “The trees went certainly, to anoint a king over themselves. And they said to the olive tree, ‘Rule over us.’ …