The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Josheb-Basshebeth (יֹשֶׁב בַּשֶּׁבֶת‎, yoshev bashsheveth). One of David’s mighty men (2 Sam 23:8). In the corresponding list in 1 Chr 11:11, the name is Jashobeam, which may mean this Josheb-Basshebeth is the same as several other Jashobeams (see 1 Chr 12:6; 27:2–3).
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Josheb-Basshebeth (Person)
JOSHEB-BASSHEBETH (PERSON) [Heb yōšeb baššebet (יֹשֶׁב בַּשֶּׁבֶת)]. Found only at 2 Sam 23:8, the name belongs to one of David’s mighty men. See DAVID’S CHAMPIONS. The name is unusual in form in the Hebrew onomasticon; the name Jashobeam at the corresponding point in 1 Chr 11:11 has led to explanation
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Josheb-basshebeth. Alternate spelling of Jashobeam, one of David’s mighty men, in 2 Samuel 23:8.See Jashobeam #1.
Adino. Possibly another name for Joshebbasshebeth, one of the top three of David’s military heroes (2 Sm 23:8); also called Jashobeam (1 Chr 11:11). Since the Hebrew text is unclear, “Adino, the Eznite” may not be a proper name but a reference to the warrior’s spear (rsv, nasb).See Jashobeam #1.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Adino adʹə-nō, ə-dīʹnō [Heb. aḏînô]; RSV and NEB omit. In the AV, the senior of David’s “mighty men.” “Josheb-basshebeth a Tachmonite, chief of the captains; the same was Adino the Eznite, against eight hundred slain at one time” (2 S. 23:8). This very exact rendering makes it evident even to
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
JOSHEB-BASSHEBETH* Alternate spelling of Jashobeam, commander of David’s mighty men, in 2 Samuel 23:8 (nlt mg). See Jashobeam #1.
ADINO* Possibly another name for Josheb-basshebeth, one of the top three of David’s military heroes (2 Sm 23:8); he was also called Jashobeam (1 Chr 11:11). See Jashobeam #1.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
JOSHEB-BASSHEBETH. The name of David’s most eminent warrior among his mighty men as given in ASV and RSV as a probable substitute for the meaningless “that sat in the seat” in 2 Sam 23:8 of KJV. In the parallel passage in 1 Chr 11:11 this man is identified as “Jashobeam, an Hachmonite.” See Jashobeam.
ADINO. The reference in 2 Sam 23:8 may not be the name of a person, and perhaps should be related to 1 Chr 11:11. One of the shades of meaning of the word Adino in Heb. is “slender,” which may suggest the spear used by these mighty warriors of David.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Josheb-Basshebeth (Heb. yōšeḇ baššeḇeṯ) (also JASHOBEAM)A Tachemonite, chief of David’s Three (2 Sam. 23:8). In the parallel account at 1 Chr. 11:11 the name appears as Jashobeam (1).
Adino (Heb. ʿăḏɩ̂nô)Older versions (e.g., KJV, NASB) have rendered 2 Sam. 23:8 as “Joshebasshebeth … he was called Adino the Eznite (ʿăḏɩ̂nô hāʿeṣɩ̂),” but most modern scholars and translations emend the text in light of 1 Chr. 11:11 to read “Joshebasshebeth … wielded his spear (yeʿddnô hāʿeṣnô).
Jashobeam (Heb. yāšoḇʿām)1. A Hachmonite; one of David’s elite class of warriors and the chief of the Three (1 Chr. 11:11). Jashobeam apparently killed 300 men with his own sword in battle. Josheb-basshebeth the Tahchemonite (2 Sam. 23:8), who killed 800 men with his own spear, may be the same person.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Adino [ădˊə nō] (Heb. ˓aḏînô). According to the KJV translation of the difficult Hebrew text of 2 Sam. 23:8, the captain of David’s mighty men, from Ezno or Ezni (LXX Adinon ho Asōnaios); he killed eight hundred people. The RSV and NIV reading is more plausible: “he raised his spear” (JB
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
JOSHEB-BASSHE´BETH (jōʹsheb-bashʹe-beth; “sitting in the council”; “Josheb-bassheʹbeth,” KJV). The Tachemonite, the “chief of the captains” among David’s mighty men (2 Sam. 23:8). He is called Jashobeam (which see) in 1 Chron. 11:11.
AD´INO (adʹī-nō; “slender as a spear” [?]). The name given in 2 Sam. 23:8 (but lacking in the NIV) as one of David’s mighty men. Much difference of opinion respecting it exists. Some think the passage has been corrupted. It is clear that these words “Adino the Eznite” are not proper names, although
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Adinothe Eznite, one of David’s mighty men (2 Sam. 23:8). (See JASHOBEAM.)
Chief of the three
Chief of the threea title given to Adino the Eznite, one of David’s greatest heroes (2 Sam. 23:8); also called Jashobeam (1 Chr. 11:11).
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
ADINO [AD ih noe] — the name given to Josheb-Basshebeth the Tachmonite, chief captain of David’s mighty men. He was given the name Adino the Eznite “because he had killed 800 men at one time” (2 Sam. 23:8).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
JOSHEB-BASSHEBETH<jo-sheb-ba-she’-beth> ([ישֵׁב בַּשֶּׁבֶת‎, yoshebh ba-shebheth]): This proper name in the Revised Version (British and American) takes the place of the translation “that sat in the seat” in the King James Version (2 Sam 23:8). The phrase so rendered is meaningless. The text has
ADINO<ad’-i-no>, <a-di’-no> ( עֲדִינוֹ‎ [̀adhino], “his adorned one”): The senior of David’s “mighty men.” “Josheb-basshebeth a Tahchemonite, chief of the captains; the same was Adino the Eznite, against eight hundred slain at one time” (2 Samuel 23:8). This very exact rendering makes it evident
See also