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Joseph (patriarch)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The first son of Rachel (Gen 30:22–24); he was set apart among the sons of Jacob—favored by his father and despised by his brothers (Gen 37:2–4). Joseph is one of the central figures in the narrative of Jacob’s family contained in the final chapters of Genesis (Gen 37–50).Joseph dies at 110 years old (Gen 50:22–26), after experiencing several cycles of loss and restoration, reconciliation with his brothers, and acceptance of the radical claim that his story was—by no perfection of his own, but by God’s grace and intention—ultimately “good” for Joseph and for others (at least for a time; see Gen 50:20; the use of this deeming word here is sometimes compared to what God spoke over creation; see also Rom 8:28–30; Brueggemann, Genesis, 377).Joseph may function as a bridge character in the Pentateuch between the patriarchs (Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob) and the exodus figures of Moses and Joshua. Joseph’s deportation from Canaan to Egypt initiates the “evacuation” of the promised land (Beal and Gunn, Reading, 58). According to Brueggemann, the central question in the Joseph narrative is “How does one speak about faith in a context where the older ways are found wanting?” (Brueggemann, Genesis, 289). The narrator of Joseph’s story illustrates a most subtle answer: God’s ways are “so high” they are cloaked in mystery and do not rely on human articulation and striving—in fact, God’s ways are working themselves out in the midst of everyday natural and worldly life. And yet, “the purposes of God demand a human counterpart”; they choose to rely on the human actor (Brueggemann, Genesis, 332).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Joseph, Son of Jacob
Joseph, Son of Jacob The first son of Rachel (Gen 30:22–24); he was set apart among the sons of Jacob—favored by his father and despised by his brothers (Gen 37:2–4). Joseph is one of the central figures in the narrative of Jacob’s family contained in the final chapters of Genesis (Gen 37–50).Joseph
Zaphenath-Paneah
Zaphenath-Paneah (צָפְנַת פַּעְנֵחַ‎, tsophnath pa'neach). The name Pharaoh gives to Joseph when he promotes Joseph to the position of vizier of Egypt (Gen 41:45). The derivation and meaning of this name is unknown, as rendering it back into Egyptian is difficult. As such, multiple options for its meaning
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Joseph (Person)
JOSEPH (PERSON) [Heb yôsēp (יֹוסֵף)]. Several persons in the OT, Apocrypha, and NT bear this name.1. See JOSEPH, SON OF JACOB.2. The father of Igal, the individual selected from the tribe of Issachar to spy out the land of Canaan (Num 13:7).3. A Levite who was one of the “sons of Asaph” (1 Chr 25:2,
Joseph, Son of Jacob
JOSEPH, SON OF JACOB. The 11th son of the patriarch Jacob, and the principal character in the biblical narrative of Genesis 37–50.A. The NameB. The TribeC. The Story1. Theme: Familial Strife2. Plot3. Theological ConcernsD. SourcesE. Genres1. Sitz im Leben2. DatingF. Purpose of the StoryA.
Zaphenath-Paneah (Person)
ZAPHENATH-PANEAH (PERSON) [Heb ṣāpĕnat paʿnēaḥ (צָפְנַת פַּעְנֵחַ)]. The name in Gen 41:45 (KJV: Zaphnath-paaneah) which Joseph received from the Pharaoh when he was made vizier of Egypt as a reward for his services. Numerous attempts have been made to reconstruct the Egyptian original (Vergote
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Joseph
Joseph. 1. Jacob’s 11th son and the firstborn son of Rachel. Rachel named the boy Joseph, meaning “May he add,” expressing her desire that God would give her another son (Gn 30:24).Nothing more is said about Joseph until, at the age of 17, he is seen tending his father’s flocks with his brothers (Gn
Zaphenath-paneah, Zaphnath-paaneah
Zaphenath-paneah, Zaphnath-paaneah. Name given to Joseph by Pharaoh when Joseph assumed his governmental responsibilities in Egypt (Gn 41:45, kjv Zaphnath-paaneah). While many suggestions have been made concerning the meaning of the name, it is most likely a Semiticized form of an original Egyptian name
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Joseph
1. The eleventh son of Jacob and the first of Rachel. See separate article below.
Joseph
Joseph jośəf, jōʹzəf [Heb. yōsēp̱-prob ‘may he (God) add’ (i.e., other sons); LXX Iōsēph]. (Cf. Gen. 30:24; in vv 23f there may well be a pun on the verbs ʾāsap̱, “take away,” and yāsap̱, “add,” but not a rival etymology of Joseph. The place name yšp-ʾir in an Egyptian topographical list of
Joseph
Joseph jośəf, jōʹzəf [Heb. yôsēp̱-‘may he add’ (i.e., may God add posterity), yeehôsēp̱ (Ps. 81:5 [MT 6]); Gk. Iōsēph, Iōsēs (e.g., TR Mt. 13:55; Mk. 6:3)].
Zaphenath-Paneah
Zaphenath-Paneah zaf-ə-nath-pə-nēʹə [Heb. ṣāp̱enaṯ paʿanē (a)ḥ]; AV ZAPHNATH-PAANEAH. The name given to Joseph by Pharaoh when he appointed Joseph to a position of high authority over the land of Egypt (Gen. 41:45). The conferring of a new name commonly accompanied promotions of this sort. Discussion
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Joseph
JOSEPH1. Jacob’s 11th son and the firstborn son of Rachel. Rachel named the boy Joseph, meaning “may he add,” expressing her desire that God would give her another son (Gn 30:24).Nothing more is said about Joseph until, at the age of 17, he is seen tending his father’s flocks with his brothers (Gn
Zaphenath-Paneah
ZAPHENATH-PANEAH Name given to Joseph by Pharaoh when Joseph assumed his governmental responsibilities in Egypt (Gn 41:45). The name most likely means “says the god, he will live.” See Joseph #1.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Joseph
Joseph (joh´sif).1 The older son of Rachel, who was the favorite wife of Jacob (Israel), ancestor of the Israelites. Thus, Joseph’s descendants form one of the original twelve tribes of Israel (Gen. 49:22–26), but the tribe of Joseph divided into Ephraim and Manasseh after Levi left the tribal structure
Zaphenath-Paneah
Zaphenath-paneah (zaf´uh-nath-puh-nee´uh), the name Pharaoh gave to Joseph when he appointed him as vizier (Gen. 41:45). It was a common practice in Egypt for Semites to take Egyptian names. However, the Egyptian original behind this particular name is uncertain. It has been suggested that it comes from
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Joseph
JOSEPH1. The eleventh son of Jacob and the first son of his favorite wife Rachel, after her sister Leah had borne Jacob six sons and a daughter. Long barren and desirous of children, Rachel named her first son Joseph (Heb. yôsēp, yhôsēp), “May He (i.e., the Lord) add,” as she explains, “May the
Zaphnath-Paaneah
ZAPHNATH-PAANEAH. The Egyptian name given to Joseph by the king of Egypt at the time of Joseph’s elevation to the viziership (Gen 41:45; spelled Zaphenath-paneah in RSV, etc.). Various meanings have been proposed for the name; most commonly it is interpreted as “the god speaks (and) he lives” (Steindorff,
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Zaphenath-Paneah
ZAPHENATH-PANEAH. An Egyp. name bestowed by the pharaoh upon Joseph at his investiture (Gn. 41:45). The search for its Egyp. original has produced many widely divergent suggestions. Steindorff’s (d)-p’-nṯ(r)-iw.f-‘nh̬ is phonetically good, but is circumstantially inappropriate in meaning and of too
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Joseph
Joseph (Heb. yôsēp̱, yĕhôsēp̱; Gk. Iōsḗph, Iosḗs) (also JOSES)1. The 11th son of Jacob and the older son of Rachel. Rachel, the wife whom Jacob loved, was barren for a long time before giving birth to Joseph (Gen. 29:31–30:21). Her words upon giving birth to Joseph reflect the two possible
Zaphenath-Paneah
Zaphenath-Paneah (Heb. ṣāp̱ĕnaṯ paʿnēaḥ)The Egyptian name given to Joseph when Pharaoh set him “over all the land of Egypt” (Gen. 41:45). The meaning of the name is not certain; its derivation from Egyp. ḏd-pʒ-ntr-w.f-ʿnh (“the deity speaks and [the bearer of the name] lives”) is commonly accepted,
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Joseph
Joseph [jōˊsəf] (Heb. yôsēp̱, yahôsēp̱ “may [God] add [posterity]”).
Zaphenath-Paneah
Zaphenath-Paneah [zăfˊə năth pə nēˊə] (Heb. ṣāp̱enaṯ pa˓nēaḥ). The Egyptian name given to Joseph when Pharaoh set him “over all the land of Egypt” (Gen. 41:45; KJV “Zaphnath-paaneah”). The meaning of the name is not certain; its derivation from Egyp. ḏd-pƷ-ntr-w.f-˓nh “the deity speaks
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Joseph
JOSEPH יוסףI. In biblical genealogical tradition Joseph is the son of →Jacob and →Rachel (Gen 30:22–24). His name is a hypocoristicon, presumably of *yôsîp-ʾēl/DN like yôsîpyāh (Ezra 8:10). Tradition preserves two explanations of his name, the one linking it to the root ’sp (Gen 30:23 E?), the
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Joseph
JOSEPH (Hebrew, “may he [the Lord] add”) The eleventh son of the patriarch Jacob and the first son of Rachel (Gen 30:24, 35:24; 1 Chr 2:2), the ancestor of the tribes of Manasseh and Ephraim, sometimes called the “tribe of Joseph” (Josh 17:14) or the “house of Joseph” (Judg 1:22; Amos 5:6). His life
Joseph
JOSEPH The name of several important men in Scripture. See individual entries.1. Joseph.2. Joseph, the husband of Mary.3. Joseph, brother of Jesus.4. Joseph of Arimathea.5. Joseph Barsabbas.
Zaphenath-Paneah
ZAPHENATH-PANEAH The Egyptian name given to Joseph by the pharaoh when he was appointed vizier of Egypt (Gen 41:45). The name may mean “the god speaks and he lives,” or possibly “he who is called Ip-ankh,” the latter being a fairly common name among Egyptian men in the second millennium b.c.
See also
Relatives
Jacob Father
Potiphera Father-In-Law
Rachel Mother
Judah Brother
Reuben Brother
Benjamin Brother
Levi Brother
Gad Brother
Simeon Brother
Asher Brother
Zebulun Brother
Issachar Brother
Naphtali Brother
Dan Brother
Jacob’s Son Brother
Dinah Sister
Asenath Wife
Manasseh Son
Ephraim Son
Isaac Grandfather
Judah Cousin
Esau Uncle
Reuben Cousin
Levi Cousin
Laban Grandfather
Simeon Cousin
Zebulun Cousin
Issachar Cousin
Rebekah Grandmother
Leah Aunt
Zerah Nephew
Dinah Cousin
Perez Nephew
Jochebed Niece
Merari Nephew
Kohath Nephew
Er Nephew
Gershon Nephew
Onan Nephew
Shelah Nephew
Saul Nephew
Machir Grandson
Carmi Nephew
Jair Grandson
Hezron Nephew
Jamin Nephew
Jachin Nephew
Nemuel Nephew
Pallu Nephew
Zohar Nephew
Bela Nephew
Beriah Nephew
Tola Nephew
Ishvi Nephew
Imnah Nephew
Shillem Nephew
Guni Nephew
Enoch Nephew
Jashub Nephew
Puvah Nephew
Elon Nephew
Huppim Nephew
Shimron Nephew
Ashbel Nephew
Hushim Nephew
Eliphaz Cousin
Ohad Nephew
Korah Cousin
Jezer Nephew
Eri Nephew
Areli Nephew
Jahzeel Nephew
Shuni Nephew
Haggi Nephew
Sered Nephew
Jeush Cousin
Ahiram Nephew
Serah Niece
Gera Nephew
Shobal Nephew
Ezbon Nephew
Becher Nephew
Jalam Cousin
Reuel Cousin
Shuthelah Grandson
Ishvah Nephew
Rosh Nephew
Ard Nephew
Ziphion Nephew
Muppim Nephew
Jahleel Nephew
Ehi Nephew
Arodi Nephew
Becher Grandson
Ozni Nephew
Tahan Grandson
Zephon Nephew
Eliab Nephew
Jediael Nephew
Sheerah Granddaughter
Asriel Grandson
Beriah Grandson
Ezer Grandson
Jarib Nephew
Rapha Nephew
Nohah Nephew
Bohan Nephew
Aharah Nephew
Roles
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