Jonathan attacks a Philistine garrison
Jonathan and his armor-bearer attacked a Philistine garrison and were successful.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
GARRISON. A manned and provisioned military post or fortress. In the OT “garrison” is the translation of two Heb. words, both derived from the root nṣb. (1) Heb maṣṣāb (1 Sam 13:23; 14:1, 4, 6, 11, 15; 2 Sam 23:14) and a variant maṣṣābâ (1 Sam 14:12). A similar form maṣṣēbâ is correctly rendered
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Garrison. A military post, frequently on the frontier, where a division of soldiers was stationed. Such outposts were used widely in the ancient Near East, and Palestine was often the site of outposts for both Egypt and Mesopotamia as these powers vied for control of the entire Near East.During the
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Garrison. The Hebrew words so rendered in the Authorized Version are derivatives from the root nâtsab, to “place, erect,” which may be applied to a variety of objects.1. Mattsab and mattsabah undoubtedly mean a “garrison” or fortified post. 1 Sam. 13:23; 14:1, 4, 12, 15; 2 Sam. 23:14. 2. Netsib is
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
GARRISON (from Heb. nāṣab, to “stand” firm). A military or fortified post (1 Sam. 13:23; 14:1, 6; etc.; 2 Sam. 23:14). In Ezek. 26:11, the KJV rendering, “garrisons,” from Heb. maṣṣēbôt, is translated “pillars” in the NASB and NIV; the reference is to pillars dedicated to Baal, two of which are
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Garrison(1.) Heb. matstsab, a station; a place where one stands (1 Sam. 14:12); a military or fortified post (1 Sam. 13:23; 14:1, 4, 6, etc.).(2.) Heb. netsib, a prefect, superintendent; hence a military post (1 Sam. 10:5; 13:3, 4; 2 Sam. 8:6). This word has also been explained to denote a pillar set
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
GARRISON — a fort or a company of soldiers stationed in a fort. During Saul’s reign as king of Israel, the Philistines had garrisons deep inside Israel—at Geba (1 Sam. 13:3) and Bethlehem (2 Sam. 23:14; 1 Chr. 11:16). In later years, David drove out the Philistines and placed his own garrisons in Damascus
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Garʹri-son, a post held by a military force for protection or defence (1 Sam. 10:5; 2 Sam. 8:6).
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
GARRISON Body of troops stationed for defense, often in the sense of occupying forces. In the tenth century b.c. the Philistines had garrisons deep in Jewish territory at Gibeath-elohim (1 Sam. 10:5), Geba (1 Sam. 13:3), and Bethlehem (2 Sam. 23:14). David, in turn, placed garrisons in Damascus (2 Sam.
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
garrison. A military post (or the troops assigned to it), often in a strategic frontier area, primarily for defensive purposes. Larger military units would be needed for an offensive drive. Garrisons were placed by the Philistines in the Judean region of Israel (maṣṣāb H5163, 1 Sam. 14:1–15; NIV,
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
GARRISON [מַצָּבָהmatsavah, נְצִיבnetsiv]. A military force stationed to control a conquered area or defend a frontier or a border region. The word is based upon natsav (נָצַב), “to make a stand.” Philistine garrisons of the 10th cent. bce were found within Israel at Bethlehem (2 Sam 23:14; 1 Chr 18:13),
Key passages
1 Sa 14:1–15

One day Jonathan the son of Saul said to his armor bearer, “Come and let us go over to the garrison of the Philistines which is over there.” But he did not tell his father. Now Saul was staying at the outskirts of Gibeah under the pomegranate tree that was …