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Jonah
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The main figure in the book of Jonah. Jonah son of Amittai the prophet (יוֹנָה בֶן־אֲמִתַּי הַנָּבִיא‎, yonah ven-amittay hannavi') was from Gath-Hepher, a town in Galilee about 2 miles northeast of Nazareth. Gath Hepher was in the territory allotted to the tribe of Zebulun (see Josh 19:10, 13), so it is likely Jonah was a member of that tribe. He is mentioned in connection with the reign of Jeroboam II of Israel (793–753 bc) in 2 Kgs 14:23–25. Jeroboam’s success in extending Israel’s northern border to the Syro-Hittite city of Hamath on the Orontes River, its greatest extent since the time of David and Solomon (1 Kgs 8:65; 1 Chr 13:5), is said to have happened “according to the word of Yahweh, the God of Israel, which he spoke by the hand of his servant Jonah the son of Amittai the prophet, who was from Gath-Hepher” (2 Kings 14:25). Jonah’s message is assumed to have been delivered during Jeroboam’s reign, dating the prophet’s ministry to the mid-8th century bc.The prophet Jonah is best known from the book of Jonah, which records that after he tried to run away from God’s call to preach to the people of Nineveh, he was swallowed by a big fish and spit out safely on dry ground. Jonah’s name means “dove” which may factor in to the symbolism of the book of Jonah (Hauser, “Jonah,” 22n3). Historically the name of the prophet may be incidental, but Hauser argues that the author of the book of Jonah uses the uses the dove symbolism for its overtones of flight and passivity (Hauser, “Jonah,” 22). However, Bolin cautions against attaching too much significance to the etymology of Jonah’s name in interpreting the book (Freedom, 72–73). Stuart also questions whether the meaning of Jonah’s name has any symbolic relevance for understanding the book of Jonah (Hosea—Jonah, 431).Jonah’s patronymic is also sometimes held to be symbolic with “son of Amittai (אֲמִתַּי‎, amittay)” interpreted to mean “son of truth” (אֱמֶת‎, emeth). This interpretation is attested as far back as rabbinic literature where the rabbis speculate that Jonah is the unnamed son of the widow of Zarephath, raised from the dead by Elijah (1 Kgs 17:17–24), linking the “son of Amittai” with the widow’s statement that Elijah’s word was “truth” (Bolin, Freedom, 18).Stuart notes that knowing more details about Jonah’s life is unnecessary for following the story in the book of Jonah: “The story is thus self-contained. It is not necessary to know much of anything about Jonah’s life otherwise to appreciate the story. His past and future are not essential to the book’s development” (Hosea—Jonah, 431).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Jonah the Prophet
Jonah the Prophet (יוֹנָה בֶן־אֲמִתַּי‎, yonah ven-amittay). The main figure in the book of Jonah. Jonah son of Amittai the prophet (יוֹנָה בֶן־אֲמִתַּי הַנָּבִיא‎, yonah ven-amittay hannavi') was from Gath-Hepher, a town in Galilee about 2 miles northeast of Nazareth. Gath Hepher was in the territory
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Jonah (Person)
JONAH (PERSON) [Heb yônâ (יֹונָה‎)]. 1. Jonah, son of Amittai. See JONAH, BOOK OF.2. One of six Levites who divorced their foreign wives during Ezra’s reform (1 Esdr 9:23; Gk iōanes). The parallel account in Ezra 10:23 also lists six Levites but differs from 1 Esdras in that it records the name “Eliezer”
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Jonah (Person)
Jonah (Person). Prophet of Israel; Amittai’s son (Jon 1:1) of the Zebulunite city of Gathhepher (2 Kgs 14:25). The historian who wrote 2 Kings recorded that Jonah had a major prophetic role in the reign of King Jeroboam II (793–753 bc). Jonah had conveyed a message encouraging expansion to the king of
Jonas
Jonas. 1. kjv form of Jonah in Matthew 12:39–41 and Luke 11:29–32.See Jonah (Person).2. kjv form of John, Simon Peter’s father, in John 21:15, 17.See John (Person) #1.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Jonah
1. According to 2 K. 14:25 Jonah the son of Amittai, of Gath-hepher, was the prophet of Yahweh who predicted the restoration of the land of Israel to its ancient boundaries through the efforts of Jeroboam II (793–753 b.c.). The life and ministry of the prophet may thus be placed in the early 8th century.
Jonas
2. The name given in the AV Apoc. and NT to the OT prophet Jonah (2 Esd. 1:39; Tob. 14:4, 8; Mt. 12:39–41; 16:4; Lk. 11:29–32).
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Jonah (Person)
JONAH (Person) Prophet of Israel; Amittai’s son (Jon 1:1) of the Zebulunite city of Gath-hepher (2 Kgs 14:25). The historian who wrote 2 Kings recorded that Jonah had a major prophetic role in the reign of King Jeroboam II (793–753 bc). Jonah had conveyed a message encouraging expansion to the king of
Jonas
JONAS*1. kjv form of Jonah in Matthew 12:39–41 and Luke 11:29–32. See Jonah (Person).2. kjv form of John, Simon Peter’s father, in John 21:15, 17. See John (Person) #1.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Jonah
JONAH. The son of Amittai from Gath-hepher in Zebulun, who prophesied the restoration of Israel’s borders, which was accomplished by Jeroboam II (782–753 b.c.) (2 Kgs 14:25), and the hero of the book of Jonah (1:1). Since Jonah probably spoke the word concerning Jeroboam c. 790 b.c. during the latter’s
Jonas
JONAS1. KJV form of Jonah (Gr. lōna, the OT prophet (Mt 12:39–41; 16:4; Lk 11:29–32). See Jonah.2. KJV form of John (Jn 21:15–17, RSV), used in order to harmonize with Bar-jona in (Mt. 16:17).
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Jonah
JONAH. Hebrew personal name, meaning ‘dove’. The NT form of the name in av is normally Jonas, twice Jona. 1. A Heb. prophet of the reign of Jeroboam II of Israel, in the 8th century bc. He came from Gath-hepher, a Zebulunite town, located in the vicinity of Nazareth. His father’s name was Amittai. He
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Jonah
Jonah [jōˊnə] (Heb. yônâ “dove”; Gk. Iōnas).† The son of Amittai from Gath-hepher; the central figure of the book of Jonah. The prophet Jonah predicted that King Jeroboam II would reconquer Israel’s border “from the entrance of Hamath as far as the Sea of the Arabah [the Dead Sea]” (2 Kgs.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Jonah
JONAH (Hebrew, “dove”) The fifth of the minor prophets and the chief figure of the book of Jonah (see Jonah, book of.) The prophet was from Gath-hepher in Galilee, the son of Amittai (2 Kgs 14:25). He lived in the reigns of Joash (r. 798–782 b.c.) and Jeroboam II (r. 793–753 b.c.), kings of Israel. Little
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Jonah
Jo´nah (dove), the fifth of the minor prophets, was the son of Amittai, and a native of Gath-hepher. 2 Kings 14:25. He flourished in or before the reign of Jeroboam II, about b.c. 820. Having already, as it seems, prophesied to Israel, he was sent to Nineveh. The time was one of political revival in
Jonas
Jo´nas (a dove).1. The prophet Jonah. Matt. 12:39, 40, 41; 16:4.2. Father of Peter. John 21:15–17. [Jona.]
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Jonah
JO´NAH (jōʹna; “dove”). The fifth in order of the minor prophets, the son of Amittai. He was born in Gath-hepher, in the tribe of Zebulun (2 Kings 14:25).
Jonas
JONAS. The KJV term in Matt. 12:39–41; 16:4; Luke 11:29–30, 32 for the prophet Jonah and the KJV term in John 21:15–17 for John the father of the apostle Peter. See John, no. 1; Jonah.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Jonah
Jonaha dove, the son of Amittai of Gath-hepher. He was a prophet of Israel, and predicted the restoration of the ancient boundaries (2 Kings 14:25–27) of the kingdom. He exercised his ministry very early in the reign of Jeroboam II., and thus was contemporary with Hosea and Amos; or possibly he preceded
Jonas
Jonas(1.) Greek form of Jonah (Matt. 12:39, 40, 41, etc.).(2.) The father of the apostles Peter (John 21:15–17) and Andrew; but the reading should be (also in 1:42), as in the Revised Version, “John,” instead of Jonas.