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John the Baptist calls for repentance
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A change of attitude and action from sin toward obedience to God. The concept of repentance differs slightly in the Hebrew and Greek minds, but an emphasis upon right behavior is consistent throughout.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Repentance
Repentance A change of attitude and action from sin toward obedience to God. The concept of repentance differs slightly in the Hebrew and Greek minds, but an emphasis upon right behavior is consistent throughout.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Repentance
REPENTANCE. The notion of repentance follows from the notion of sin. It suggests that sin is an act or attitude which can be corrected by some change in the person.A. Old TestamentThe basic Hebrew word which is used to express this change is šwb, the root of which means simply “to turn.” It is a particularly
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Repentance
Repentance. Literally a change of mind, not about individual plans, intentions, or beliefs, but rather a change in the whole personality from a sinful course of action to God. Such a change is sometimes referred to as “evangelical repentance,” since it arises out of the proclamation of God’s grace to
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Repentance
REPENTANCE Literally a change of mind, not about individual plans, intentions, or beliefs, but rather a change in one’s attitude about God. Such repentance accompanies saving faith in Christ (Acts 20:21). It is inconsistent and unintelligible to suppose that anyone could believe in Christ yet not repent.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Repentance
repentance, a word covering several biblical ideas that range from regret to reversal, from changing one’s mind about something to a complete moral or ethical conversion. Thus in the Bible, God can repent (Heb. nakham) in the sense of regret: God regrets having made Saul king (1 Sam. 15:11). The more
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Repentance
REPENTANCE. The most common Heb. words for repentance are from the root naham and signify a change of mind or purpose, or sometimes, being sorry. The NT concept, however, is more nearly expressed by the Heb. verb shûb, which means “to turn,” or “return,” and is sometimes translated “repent” (Ezk 14:6;
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Repentance
REPENTANCE. In the OT two words are regularly translated ‘repent’ or some near equivalent—nāḥam (‘be sorry, change one’s mind’) and šûḇ (in the sense, ‘turn back, return’).nāḥam is used infrequently of man (Ex. 13:17; Jb. 42:6; Je. 8:6; 31:19), but regularly of God, where it is often said that
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Repentance
RepentanceA biblical concept ranging from regret or remorse (Heb. nāḥam, “to pant, sigh, or grieve”) to a complete change of mind or behavior (šûḇ, “to turn”).Heb. nāḥam usually refers to God’s repenting, rather than that of people, although occasionally it refers to human grief over sin (Exod.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Repentance
Repentance. †“Repentance” may represent only regret or remorse over a past thought or action (Heb. nāḥam; Gk. metamélomai), but in its fullest sense it is a term for a complete change of orientation involving a judgment upon the past and a deliberate redirection for the future (Heb. šûḇ
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Repentance
RepentanceRepentance in the Gospels refers to the radical “turning away” from anything which hinders one’s wholehearted trust in God*. As such, the notion of “turning to” God in love* and obedience is most often included.1. Jewish Conceptual Background2. Repentance in John the Baptist and Jesus
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Repentance
REPENTANCE A conversion of heart away from sin and toward God. It begins with remorse for having offended God and entails both a change in one’s life and a determination to avoid the further occasion of sin (CCC 1427–33). The call to conversion and true repentance is one of the central themes of the
Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
Repentance, Second Repentance
Repentance, Second RepentanceRepentance is the divinely appointed means of repairing the relationship between God and humankind. It is God’s gift, allowing the wayward the opportunity to repudiate sin and turn again to please God and honor God with one’s life. It is a gift not to be taken for granted,
Key passages
Mt 3:7–10

But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his baptism, he said to them, “Offspring of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the coming wrath? Therefore produce fruit worthy of repentance! And do not think to say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as father.’ For I say to you that …

Lk 3:7–9

Therefore he was saying to the crowds that came out to be baptized by him, “Offspring of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the coming wrath? Therefore produce fruit worthy of repentance! And do not begin to say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as father.’ For I say to you that God is able to raise …