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Johanan (son of Kareah)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A Jewish military leader in Judah who is primarily known for providing leadership to the remnant left in Judah in the early years following Nebuchadnezzar’s destruction of Jerusalem in 587/6 bc.Second Kings 25:23 introduces Johanan as the captain of a small band of soldiers who remained in Judah immediately after the beginning of the Babylonian exile. Jeremiah 40:7–43:5 provides more details of his leadership.In Jeremiah 40:13–41:15 Johanan leads the effort to capture Ishmael, who assassinated Gedaliah, the governor of Judah appointed by the Babylonians. Johanan then prepares to lead the people into Egypt, fearing that the Babylonians will punish them for Ishmael’s actions (Jer 14:15–18). Before leaving, Johanan and other military commanders of Judah approach the prophet Jeremiah seeking God’s guidance for their journey (Jer 42:1–3). Jeremiah states that he will tell Johanan “everything the Lord says and will keep nothing back from you” (Jer 42:4 NIV). In response, Johanan’s band of soldiers state, “May the Lord be a true and faithful witness against us if we do not act in accordance with everything the Lord your God sends you to tell us. Whether it is favorable or unfavorable, we will obey the Lord our God, to whom we are sending you, so that it will go well with us, for we will obey the Lord our God” (Jer 42:5–6 NIV). Despite this statement, the narrative later reveals that Johanan would proceed to Egypt even if it was not God’s will, but he preferred to have God’s approval for his journey (see Jer 42:20–21).After 10 days, Jeremiah provides God’s answer to Johanan and his men: If they stayed in Judah, God would protect and bless them. However, if they insisted on going to Egypt, they would suffer and die there (see Jer 42:9–18). Johanan then accuses Jeremiah of being a false prophet and compels him to accompany them to Egypt (Jer 43:1–7).Robert Leslie Holmes
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Johanan, Son of Kareah
Johanan, Son of Kareah A Jewish military leader in Judah who is primarily known for providing leadership to the remnant left in Judah in the early years following Nebuchadnezzar’s destruction of Jerusalem in 587/6 bc.Second Kings 25:23 introduces Johanan as the captain of a small band of soldiers who
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Johanan (Person)
JOHANAN (PERSON) [Heb yôḥānān (יֹוחָנָן)]. A relatively common name in the Hebrew Bible meaning “Yahweh is or has been gracious.”1. One of the Benjaminites who joined David’s forces at Ziklag when he was fleeing from Saul according to 1 Chr 12:5—Eng 12:4. By means of this list the Chronicler makes
Jonathan (Person)
JONATHAN (PERSON) [Heb yônātān (יֹונָתָן‎); yĕhônātān]. The names Jonathan and Jehonathan (Heb “Yahweh has given”) appear to be used interchangeably.1. A Levite from the town of Bethlehem in Judah, who, according to Judges 17–18, founded a priesthood at Laish (later called Dan). This Levite, whose
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Johanan
Johanan. Name meaning “Yahweh has been gracious.” It occurs in the alternate form of Jehohanan. The name John is derived from these names. Several men of this name appear in the OT.1. Son of Kareah (2 Kgs 25:23). Johanan was a Jewish leader, a contemporary of Jeremiah, and supportive of Gedaliah, the
Jonathan
Jonathan. 1. Levite from Bethlehem in Judah, a descendant of Gershon, son of Moses (cf. 1 Chr 23:14–16); he was a priest first to Micah in Ephraim and later to Dan’s tribe during the period of the judges (Jgs 18:30).2. Benjamite, the firstborn son of Saul and the father of Merib-baal (1 Sm 14:49; 1
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Johanan
1. Son of Kareah, and one of “the captains of the forces in the open country” (i.e., probably guerilla bands), who allied with Gedaliah governor of Judah after the fall of Jerusalem in 586 b.c. (2 K. 25:23; Jer. 40:7–43:7). He warned Gedaliah of the plot of Ishmael ben Nethaniah, who was incited by the
Johanan
Johanan jō-haʹnən [Heb. yôḥānān—‘Yahweh has been gracious’; Gk. Iōanan]; AV Apoc. JOHANNES.
Jonathan
15. (Jer. 40:8). Son of Kareah; a Judahite captain who joined Gedaliah after the fall of Jerusalem.
Jonathan
Jonathan jonʹəe-thəen [Heb. yehōnāṯān, yônāṯan—‘Yahweh has given’; Gk. Iōnathan].
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Johanan
JOHANAN Name meaning “Yahweh has been gracious.” It occurs also in the alternate form of Jehohanan. The name John is derived from these names. Several men of this name appear in the OT.1. Son of Kareah (2 Kgs 25:23). Johanan was a Jewish leader, a contemporary of Jeremiah, and supportive of Gedaliah,
Jonathan
JONATHAN1. Levite from Bethlehem in Judah, a descendant of Gershom, son of Moses (cf. 1 Chr 23:14–15); he was a priest first to Micah in Ephraim and later to Dan’s tribe during the period of the judges (Jgs 17:7–10; 18:30).2. Benjamite, the firstborn son of Saul and the father of Meribbaal (1 Sm 14:49;
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Johanan
Johanan (joh-hay´nuhn; Heb., “the Lord shows favor”; cf. John).1 The eldest son of Josiah (1 Chron. 3:15).2 A descendant of the Davidic family, the son of Elioenai (1 Chron. 3:24).3 A member of the priestly line of Zadok (1 Chron. 6:9–10).4 One of David’s warriors (1 Chron. 12:4), possibly the same
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Johanan
JOHANAN1. One of the captains of the remnant that remained in Judah after the fall of Jerusalem. He led the others in warning Gedaliah of the danger to his life from Ishmael. After the governor had been slain, Johanan led the force that pursued Ishmael and recovered the captives taken. Fearful of what
Jonathan
JONATHAN. This name occurs frequently in biblical literature.1. The son of Gershom, son of Manasseh (Jdg 18:30, KJV). The Masoretic scribes inserted an n (num) above the line in the name of Moses, so that in the Heb. spelling it would read Manasseh (m -n-sh-h) instead of Moses (m-sh-h). Thus they thought
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Johanan
JOHANAN (Heb. yôḥānān, ‘Yahweh is gracious’). A number of men are so called in the OT, the most notable being the son of Kareah. A Jewish leader who supported Gedaliah on the latter’s appointment as governor of Judah (2 Ki. 25:23; Je. 40:8) after the fall of Jerusalem, Johanan offered to kill Ishmael,
Jonathan
JONATHAN (Heb yehônāṯān or yônāṯān, ‘Yahweh has given’).1. Son of Gershom, descendant of Moses (av ‘Manasseh’). He was hired by Micah to officiate as priest before an idol in Ephraim, then became priest and progenitor of a line of priests to the Danites ‘until the day of the captivity of the
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Johanan
Johanan (Heb. yôḥānān)1. The son of Kareah; one of the Judean commanders who had eluded Nebuchadnezzar’s army before finally submitting to the pro-Babylonian governor Gedaliah at Mizpah (2 Kgs. 25:23–24; Jer. 40:8). Johanan reported to Gedaliah that Ishmael planned to assassinate him, but Gedaliah
Jonathan
Jonathan (Heb. yĕhônāṯān, yônāṯān; Gk. Iōnathás) (also JEHONATHAN)1. The son of Gershom; descendant of Moses (Judg. 18:30; MT “Manasseh”). Jonathan was a Levite from Bethlehem hired by Micah to serve at Micah’s personal shrine (Judg. 17–18). He later founded the priesthood at Laish (Dan) that
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Jonathan
Jonathan [jŏnˊə thən] (Heb. yehônāṯān, yônāṯan, “Yahweh has given”; Gk. Iōnathan).
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Jonathan
JONATHAN (Hebrew, “the Lord has given”) The name of three men in the Old Testament.1. The grandson of Moses who settled in the town of Bethlehem in Judah (Judg 17:7). He was born of Moses’s firstborn, Gershom (Exod 2:22), and established a line of priests that served the Danites (Judg 18:30–31).2.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Johanan
Joha´nan (gift or grace of God).1. Son of Azariah and grandson of Ahimaaz the son of Zadok, and father of Azariah, 3. 1 Chron. 6:9, 10, Authorized Version.2. Son of Elioenai, the son of Neariah, the son of Shemaiah, in the line of Zerubbabel’s heirs. 1 Chron. 3:24. (b.c. after 406.)3. The son of Kareah,
Jonathan
Jon´athan, that is, “the gift of Jehovah,” the eldest son of King Saul. (b.c. about 1095–1056.) He was a man of great strength and activity. 2 Sam. 1:23. He was also famous as a warrior, 1 Chron. 12:2, as is shown by the courage he showed in attacking the garrison of the Philistines, in company with
See also
Relatives
Kareah Father
Roles
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