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Jezebel (queen)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Baal-worshiper who kills prophets of the Lord, threatens Elijah, and orders the murder of Naboth (1 Kgs 16:31; 18:4; 19:2; 21:5–14). Jezebel is the wife of King Ahab of Israel (874–853 bc) and the daughter of Ethbaal, king of the Sidonians. She is killed at the command of King Jehu, who is chosen by Yahweh to destroy the house of Ahab (2 Kgs 9:6–7; 30–33).The narratives of 1–2 Kings portray Jezebel as a woman of great wickedness who persuades her husband and others to oppose Yahweh and commit evil deeds. Her legacy is preserved in 1 Kgs 21:25: “Truly, there was no one like Ahab who had sold himself by doing evil in the eyes of Yahweh, whose wife Jezebel urged him on.”
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Jezebel, Daughter of Ethbaal
Jezebel, Wife of Ahab, Daughter of Ethbaal (אִיזֶבֶל‎, izevel). Baal-worshiper who kills prophets of the Lord, threatens Elijah, and orders the murder of Naboth (1 Kgs 16:31; 18:4; 19:2; 21:5–14). Jezebel is the wife of King Ahab of Israel (874–853 bc) and the daughter of Ethbaal, king of the Sidonians.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Jezebel (Person)
JEZEBEL (PERSON) [Heb ʾı̂zebel (אִיזֶבֶל‎)]. 1. The daughter of Ethbaal, king of the Sidonians, and wife of Ahab the son of Omri and king of Israel (1 Kgs 16:29–31). As it is vocalized in the MT, the name Jezebel is probably a two-layered parody. The original name ʾı̂zĕbūl (“Where is the Prince?”) first
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Jezebel
Jezebel. Daughter of Ethbaal, king of Sidon (1 Kgs 16:31). She became the wife of Ahab, king of the northern kingdom of Israel; the marriage was probably a continuation of the friendly relations between Israel and Phoenicia begun by Omri and confirmed a political alliance between the two nations. Jezebel
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Jezebel
Jezebel jezʹə-bel [Heb. ʾîzeḇel; Gk. Iezabel]. The base of this Phoenician name is zbl, “prince,” usually vocalized zeḇûl. Proposals for an original sentence name include ʾy-zbl, “where is the prince?” and ʾṯ-zbl, “the prince exists.” Both exclamations occur in passages concerning Baal’s demise
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Jezebel
JEZEBEL Daughter of Ethbaal, king of Sidon (1 Kgs 16:31). She became the wife of Ahab, king of the northern kingdom of Israel. The marriage was probably a continuation of the friendly relations between Israel and Phoenicia begun by Omri; it confirmed a political alliance between the two nations. Jezebel
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Jezebel
Jezebel (jez´uh-bel; Heb., “where is the prince?”). An influential, though notorious, queen of Israel. Jezebel was a Phoenician princess (daughter of Ethbaal, king of Sidon), who married King Ahab of Israel. She is regarded negatively in the Bible for inciting Ahab and others to sin (1 Kings 16:31; 21:25).
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Jezebel
JEZEBEL. The wife of Ahab, king of Israel (874–853 b.c.), and daughter of Ethbaal, king of the Zidonians. Jezebel was a devotee of Baal-Melkart, the god of Phoenecia (1 Kgs 18:19). She encouraged Ahab to build shrines for worship and brought hundreds of the religion’s priests and prophets to Israel.
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Jezebel
JEZEBEL. 1. The daughter of Ethbaal, priest-king of Tyre and Sidon. She was married to Ahab, to ratify an alliance between Tyre and Israel, by which Omri, Ahab’s father, sought to offset the hostility of Damascus towards Israel (c. 880 bc). Provision was made for her to continue to worship her native
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Jezebel
Jezebel (Heb. ʾɩ̂zeḇel)Queen of Israel, the wife of Ahab and daughter of the Sidonian (Phoenician) king Ethbaal. As vocalized in the MT the name can be read as either “islands of dung” or “no dung,” generally recognized as parodies of the consonantal form meaning “no nobility” or “Where is the prince?”
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Jezebel
JEZEBEL איזבלI. Daughter of Eth-Baal, king of Sidon, and wife of Ahab, king of Northern Israel.She was an active propagator of the →Baal cult (1 Kgs 16:29–33; 18:19; 19:1–2; 21:25; 2 Kgs 9:30–37), who persecuted the →Yahweh prophets (1 Kgs 18:4). The meaning of her Phoenician name is disputed; mostly
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Jezebel
JEZEBEL Daughter of Ethbaal, king of the Sidonians, and wife of King Ahab of Israel (1 Kgs 16:29–31). Scripture portrays her as a woman of corrupting influence and power in the court of Ahab. After marrying Ahab she promoted the worship of the Canaanite storm and fertility god Baal and was patron of
See also
Relatives
Ethbaal Father
Omri Father-In-Law
Ahab Husband
Jehoram Son
Roles
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