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Jews in Rome
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
In general, the New Testament uses the term “the Jews” to refer to the biological descendants of Abraham, but the term was also used to characterize specific groups of Jewish people who rejected Jesus as the Messiah.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Jews in the New Testament
Jews in the New Testament (οί Ἰουδαῖοι, oi Ioudaioi). In general, the New Testament uses the term “the Jews” to refer to the biological descendants of Abraham, but the term was also used to characterize specific groups of Jewish people who rejected Jesus as the Messiah.
Rome
Rome (Ρώμη, Rōmē). Capital city of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire. Located in west-central Italy on the east bank of the Tiber River. The largest and most influential city in the known world by the time of Jesus’ birth.
Rome, the Republic
Rome, Republic of Denotes either the Roman constitutional system or the time period (traditionally 509–49/27 bc) during which Rome expanded from a small city to an empire.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Jews in the NT
JEWS IN THE NT. There are many references to “Jews” in the NT. The meaning and interpretation of these references is a matter of debate among scholars.A. Historical IntroductionB. “The Jews” in MatthewC. “The Jews” in MarkD. “The Jews” in LukeE. “The Jews” in PaulF. “The Jews” in JohnG. Conclusion
Rome (Place)
ROME (PLACE) [Gk Rhōmaios (Ῥωμαιος), Rhōmē (Ῥωμη)]. ROMANS. The Italian city-state (Lat Roma) which by the 2d century b.c. ruled an empire encompassing the Mediterranean basin and much of its hinterland. References to Rome occur throughout the book of 1 Maccabees and the NT, especially the book
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Rome
Rome The city-state in Italy that became an empire ruling much of the western world at the time of the beginnings of Christianity. I. HistoryA. BeginningsB. RepublicC. Empire II. First-Century RomeA. Socio-Economic Aspects1. The Rich2. The Poor3. Economy4. Slavery5. Jews6. ChristiansB.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Rome
Rome (rohm), the capital and by far the largest city of the Roman Empire.The Early City: Several hills of Rome were settled as early as the tenth and ninth centuries bce. In these pre-Etruscan times, Latins lived on the Palatine and Sabines on the Quirinal hill. The depressions between the hills were
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Rome, Roman Empire
ROME, ROMAN EMPIRE. Rome and her empire have meant many things to many people. To Constantine it meant a restoration of greatness and a creation of a new Rome on the Bosporus. To Charlemagne it meant establishment of a Holy Roman Empire in the image of the first Rome. To Innocent III, other popes and
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Rome
ROME. Founded traditionally in 753 bc on its seven hills (the bluffs formed where the Latin plain falls away into the Tiber bed at the first easy crossing up from the mouth), Rome, as the excavations have shown, was in origin a meeting-place and a melting-pot, rather than the home of a pre-existing people.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Rome
Rome (Lat. Roma; Gk. Rĥmē)A designation both for the ancient city on the Tiber River, located 16 km. (10 mi.) inland from the port of Ostia, as well as for the expansive empire which began to grow during the Republic and continued to increase in size until it reached its greatest extent in the early
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Rome
Rome (Gk. Rhōmē; Lat. Roma).† The empire that had its capital at Rome was of inestimable significance in shaping the world of the New Testament, not only because of its political and economic consolidation of the entire Mediterranean region, but also because of the sharing of cultures across
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Rome
RomeIn NT times Rome was the chief city in Italy and the capital of the Roman Empire. Because of its prestige and importance its name is used both for the city itself and for Roman civilization as a whole. This article deals with Rome in its broadest sense and its impact on the Gospels.*1. Historical
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Rome
ROME One of the greatest empires in the ancient world, and one that shaped significantly the events of Scripture, in particular those of the New Testament. The world into which Jesus Christ was born, lived, and died was entirely dominated by the Roman Empire.
Dictionary of New Testament Background
Rome: Overview
ROME: OVERVIEWRome was the chief city in Italy and the capital of the Roman Empire. Because of its prestige and importance its name is used both for the city and for Roman civilization.1. Historical and Cultural Background of the City and the Empire2. The City of Rome in the First Century a.d.3.
Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
Rome and Roman Christianity
Rome and Roman ChristianityRome of the first and early second centuries a.d., as principal city of Italy and administrative seat of so much of the ancient world, is synonymous with both the empire and the civilization it spawned. The focus of this article, however, is drawn somewhat more narrowly upon
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