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Jews (Jesus’ time)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
In general, the New Testament uses the term “the Jews” to refer to the biological descendants of Abraham, but the term was also used to characterize specific groups of Jewish people who rejected Jesus as the Messiah.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Jews in the New Testament
Jews in the New Testament (οί Ἰουδαῖοι, oi Ioudaioi). In general, the New Testament uses the term “the Jews” to refer to the biological descendants of Abraham, but the term was also used to characterize specific groups of Jewish people who rejected Jesus as the Messiah.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Jews in the NT
JEWS IN THE NT. There are many references to “Jews” in the NT. The meaning and interpretation of these references is a matter of debate among scholars.A. Historical IntroductionB. “The Jews” in MatthewC. “The Jews” in MarkD. “The Jews” in LukeE. “The Jews” in PaulF. “The Jews” in JohnG. Conclusion
A Catholic Dictionary
Jews, Church Laws Respecting
jews, church laws respecting. When Christianity became supreme, we find Constantine publishing restrictive edicts against the Jews, in which it was declared penal for them to insult or injure converts to Christianity, and the adoption of Judaism by those not born to it was forbidden. The Theodosian Code
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Jews in the New Testament
JEWS IN THE NEW TESTAMENT The word “Jew” is derived ultimately from the tribe of Judah through Middle English Iewe, Old French Ieu, Latin Iudaeus, and Greek Ioudaios (cp. the woman’s name Judith that originally meant “Jewess”).Old Testament Background Originally the Hebrew yehudim meant descendants
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
JEWS IN THE NT
JEWS IN THE NT. Jews abound in the NT. Jesus, his disciples, and his detractors were Jewish, as were the crowds who followed him, listened to his teachings, and witnessed his miracles and, for the most part, the NT authors themselves. This entry focuses on a more limited topic: the use of the term Jews
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