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Jesus tells John to write to seven churches
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Angels of the Seven Churches
Angels of the Seven Churches (ἄγγελοι τῶν ἑπτὰ ἐκκλησιῶν, angeloi tōn hepta ekklēsiōn). The meaning ascribed to the seven stars of Rev 1:20 and recipients of the seven messages in Rev 2–3.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Angels of the Seven Churches
ANGELS OF THE SEVEN CHURCHES (Gk aggeloi tōn hepta ekklēsiōn (ἀγγελοι των ἑπτα ἑκκλησιων)). This expression is found only in Rev 1:20 in the preparatory vision of the risen Lord (1:9–20). Here the angels of the seven churches are equated with the seven stars in the Lord’s right hand (cf. 1:16).
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Angels of the Seven Churches
Angels of the Seven Churches It is evident from the contexts of the various biblical passages in which the word “angel” appears that the word does not always represent the same idea. In such passages as Dnl. 12:1 and Acts 12:15 it would seem that the angel was generally regarded as a superhuman being
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Angels of the Seven Churches
ANGELS OF THE SEVEN CHURCHES. Rev 2–3 contains a series of letters addressed to the “angels” of the churches at Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamos, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea—all in Asia Minor. The letters contain words of praise, censure, and exhortation, with attendant warning in the event
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Angels of the Churches
ANGELS OF THE CHURCHES. The ‘seven stars’ of the Patmos vision are explained as referring to ‘the angels (angeloi) of the seven churches’ (Rev. 1:20), to whom the letters of Rev. 2 and 3 are then addressed. The ‘angel’ concept is problematic. It is often taken either of guardian angels or of human leaders
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Angels of the Churches
Angels of the Churches. The seven angels of the Churches of *Ephesus, *Smyrna, *Pergamum, *Thyatira, *Sardis, *Philadelphia, and *Laodicea mentioned in Rev. 1–3. To whom or what is the reference is much disputed. If the angels are men they may be bishops occupying their sees; if heavenly beings, they
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ANGELS OF THE SEVEN CHURCHES
ANGELS OF THE SEVEN CHURCHESIt is evident from the contexts of the various Biblical passages in which the word “angel” appears, that the word does not always represent the same idea. In such passages as Daniel 12:1 and Acts 12:15 it would seem that the angel was generally regarded as a superhuman
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Angels of the Seven Churches
angels of the seven churches. The seven stars in John’s vision (Rev. 1:16) were interpreted to him by the spiritual guest to mean seven angels (v. 20). They were seen in the right hand of Jesus in the midst of the seven golden lampstands, or churches. The seven letters to the seven churches were addressed
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Angels of the Seven Churches
ANGELS OF THE SEVEN CHURCHES: It is evident from the contexts of the various Biblical passages in which the word “angel” appears, that the word does not always represent the same idea. In such passages as Dnl 12:1 and Acts 12:15 it would seem that the angel was generally regarded as a superhuman being
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
ANGELS OF THE SEVEN CHURCHES
ANGELS OF THE SEVEN CHURCHES [ἄγγελοι τῶν ἑπτὰ ἐκκλησιῶν angeloi tōn hepta ekklēsiōn]. Mentioned only in Rev 1:20 and addressed individually in letters to the churches (Rev 2:1, 8, 12, 18; 3:1, 7, 14), these angels have been identified as guardian angels of the churches and as heavenly personifications
Key passages
Re 1:9–3:22

I, John, your brother and co-sharer in the affliction and kingdom and steadfastness in Jesus, was on the island called Patmos because of the word of God and the testimony about Jesus. I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day, and I heard behind me a great sound like …