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Jesus questions religious leaders about the Messiah
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Rendered into Greek as Χριστός (Christos), cognate to the verb χρίω (chriō, “to anoint”). In this sense, it is essentially the same to say that Jesus is the “Messiah,” or the “Christ.” In contemporary Bible translations, the former is sometimes used when the term is functioning as a title (the Messiah) and the latter when the term is functioning as a name (i.e. Jesus Christ).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Messiah
Messiah (מָשִׁיַח‎, mashiyach; “anointed” or “an anointed one”; “messiah”). Rendered into Greek as Χριστός (Christos), cognate to the verb χρίω (chriō, “to anoint”). In this sense, it is essentially the same to say that Jesus is the “Messiah,” or the “Christ.” In contemporary Bible translations, the former
Messiah, Critical Issues
Messiah, Critical Issues (מָשִׁיַח‎, mashiyach, Χριστός, Christos). Explores the notion of the Messiah in Christian and Jewish communities after the rise of Christianity.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Messiah
MESSIAH. The term going back to Messias, a Gk form (John 1:41; 4:25) of the Heb māšı̂ah, denoting an anointed person. Hebrew hammāšı̂aḥ (Aram mĕšı̂ḥāʾ), “the Messiah,” is usually translated in Gk with ho christos, the Christ.Because a central tenet of Christianity has always been the conviction
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Messiah
Messiah. Title derived from the Hebrew, mashiach, a verbal adjective meaning anointed one. Along with its NT equivalent, christos (Christ), it refers to an act of consecration whereby an individual is set apart to serve God and anointed (smeared or perhaps sprinkled) with oil. The verbal root (mashach)
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Messiah
MESSIAH Title derived from the Hebrew, mashiach, a verbal adjective meaning “anointed one.” Along with its NT equivalent, christos (Christ), it refers to an act of consecration whereby an individual is set apart to serve God and then anointed with oil. The verbal root (mashach) conveys this idea as well.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Messiah
messiah (muh-si´uh; from Heb. mashiakh, “anointed one”), an anointed agent of God appointed to a task affecting the lot of God’s elect.Early Usage: Though the Hebrew verb mashakh was often used of the anointing of men as kings over Israel (e.g., Saul, 1 Sam. 9:16; David, 2 Sam. 2:4, 7; Ps. 89:20; Solomon,
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Messiah
MESSIAH. The word “Messiah” as a transliteration of the Heb. word māshı̂ach comes through the Aram. māshı̂chā and the Gr. messías. Its Heb. source is found in the verb māshach; “to anoint,” and is most often translated in English versions as “the anointed.” In the KJV “Messiah” as a transliteration
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Messiah
MessiahThe word “Messiah” is an adjectival form with a passive sense derived from the Hebrew verb meaning “to anoint.” It can be used adjectivally (“the anointed priest”; Lev. 4:3), though its most common form is nominal (Heb. māšɩ̂aḥ). In the 30 occurrences of the term in the OT, there is no single
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Messiah
Messiah [mə sīˊə] (Gk. Messías; from Heb. māšîaḥ “anointed [one]”).† God’s anointed king; in the Old Testament specifically the expected Jewish Messiah, in the New Testament Jesus Christ.In its basic sense the term “messiah” refers to a person who has been consecrated to a high office by
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Messiah
MESSIAH The “anointed one,” the Redeemer who is spoken of by the prophets of the Old Testament and whose mission is to bring salvation to Israel and the whole world. In the OT, the term “anointed one”—from which we get the English words “Messiah” (Hebrew māšîaḥ) and “Christ” (Greek christos)—was
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Messiah
Messiah (מָשִׁיחַ, lit. ‘anointed’). The term denotes a person invested by God with special powers and functions. It was rendered into Greek by χριστός (from χρίω, ‘anoint’), from which the title ‘*Christ’ derives.In the OT the term could be applied to anyone set apart for any special function,
Key passages
Mt 22:41–46

Now while the Pharisees were assembled, Jesus asked them, saying, “What do you think about the Christ? Whose son is he?” They said to him, “David’s.” He said to them, “How then does David, by the Spirit, call him ‘Lord,’ saying, ‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at …

Mk 12:35–37

And continuing, Jesus said while teaching in the temple courts, “How can the scribes say that the Christ is David’s son? David himself said by the Holy Spirit, ‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at my right hand, until I put your enemies under your feet.” ’ David himself …

Lk 20:41–44

But he said to them, “In what sense do they say that the Christ is David’s son? For David himself says in the book of Psalms, ‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.” ’ David therefore calls him ‘Lord,’ …

See also
Participants
Setting
Important Things
Topics & Themes