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Jesus is crucified
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Crucifixion
Crucifixion (σταυροω, stauroō, “put up posts”; cruci affigare, “bind to a cross”; תלה‎, tlh, “hang”; צלב‎, tslb, “hang”). A form of torture and execution in the ancient world that involved fixing a person to a wooden post or tree using ropes or nails; used in the execution of Jesus.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Crucifixion
CRUCIFIXION. The act of nailing or binding a living victim or sometimes a dead person to a cross or stake (stauros or skolops) or a tree (xylon). Generally Herodotus uses the verb anaskolopizein of living persons and anastauroun of corpses. After him the verbs become synonyms, “to crucify.” Josephus
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Crucifixion
Crucifixion. Form of execution employed in the death of Jesus Christ. Two concepts related to crucifixion occur in Scripture: the “cross,” a pagan mode of capital punishment, and the “tree,” which was a Jewish form. Jesus’ crucifixion was the means by which he procured atonement for humanity. The term
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Cross; Crucify
Cross; Crucify [Gk. staurós, vb. stauróō]. No word has become more universally known than this, because the history of the world since the death of Christ has been decisively shaped by that epoch-making event. The principal content of the Christian religion is symbolized in this one word. I. Meaning
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Crucifixion
CRUCIFIXION Form of execution employed in the death of Jesus Christ. Two concepts related to crucifixion occur in Scripture: the “cross,” a pagan mode of capital punishment, and the “tree,” which was a Jewish form. Jesus’ crucifixion was the means by which he procured atonement for humanity. The term
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Crucifixion
crucifixion, a means of execution that involved fastening a person to a cross so death would be slow and painful. Grisly spectacles involving the crucifixion of sometimes hundreds or even thousands of victims were arranged for the intimidation of besieged cities, the punishment of conquered peoples,
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Cross, Crucifixion
CROSS, CRUCIFIXION. The Gk. word for ‘cross (stauros; verb stauroō; Lat. crux, crucifigo, ‘I fasten to a cross’) means primarily an upright stake or beam, and secondarily a stake used as an instrument for punishment and execution. It is used in this latter sense in the NT. The noun occurs 28 times and
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Crucifixion
CrucifixionA particularly horrible mode of punishment by which a person (or sometimes the corpse of an executed victim) was nailed or bound to a cross (Gk. staurós, †; also in the form of an X- or T-shaped structure), or to a stake or tree.Crucifixion (from Lat. cru., “cross,” and a form of the verb
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Crucifixion
CROSS (Gk. staurós; Lat. crux), CRUCIFIXION (cf. stauróō “crucify”). † Use of an upright stake as an instrument of torture and execution attained particular significance as the culmination of Christ’s persecution and thus as a symbol of his atonement for mankind.Crucifixion is first attested
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Crucifixion
CrucifixionA particularly cruel form of execution popular in the first-century Roman Empire. Numerous sources—both Christian and non-Christian—attest to the crucifixion of Jesus of Nazareth under Pontius Pilate (e.g., Mk 15:1–39 par.; Josephus Ant. 18.3.3 §§63–64; Tacitus Ann. 15.44). Outside the Gospels
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Crucifixion
CRUCIFIXION Execution by hanging on a cross. The Romans generally reserved the gruesome punishment of crucifixion for criminals, brigands, and slaves; it was long forbidden to execute Roman citizens by this means, as attested by Cicero, who thought it improper for a citizen even to speak about the subject
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
crucifixion
crucifixion. Infliction of death by nailing or binding to a cross. It arose in the E., and was also frequently used by the Carthaginians. By the Romans it was much used as the extreme punishment for slaves, but it might also be inflicted upon any person who could not prove Roman citizenship. It was preceded
Key passages
Mt 27:35–36

And when they had crucified him, they divided his clothes among themselves by casting lots. And they sat down and were watching over him there.

Mt 27:38

Then two robbers were crucified with him, one on his right and one on his left.

Mk 15:24–25

And they crucified him and divided his clothes among themselves by casting lots for them to see who should take what. Now it was the third hour when they crucified him.

Mk 15:27

And with him they crucified two robbers, one on his right and one on his left.

Lk 23:33–34

And when they came to the place that is called “The Skull,” there they crucified him, and the criminals, the one on his right and the other on his left. ⟦But Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.”⟧ And they cast lots to divide his clothes.

Jn 19:18

where they crucified him, and with him two others, one on each side, and Jesus in the middle.

Jn 19:23–27

Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his clothing and made four shares—for each soldier a share—and the tunic. (Now the tunic was seamless, woven from the top in a single piece.) So they said to one another, “Let us not tear it apart, but cast lots for it, to see whose it will …