Loading…
Jesus defends his disciples for not fasting
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A ritual of abstaining from food and/or drink for a predetermined period; practiced in the Bible primarily as a means of mourning. Fasting frequently occurs in the Old Testament in response to suffering or disaster, in conjunction with other mourning rituals.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Fasting
Fasting (צוםֺ‎, tswmo; νηστεια, nēsteia; ασιτεω, asiteō). A ritual of abstaining from food and/or drink for a predetermined period; practiced in the Bible primarily as a means of mourning. Fasting frequently occurs in the Old Testament in response to suffering or disaster, in conjunction with other mourning
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Fast, Fasting
FAST, FASTING. Fasting is the deliberate, temporary abstention from food for religious reasons. In the biblical material, fasting is total abstention, and is thus to be distinguished both from permanent food restrictions, like those against unclean animals, and also from occasional abstention from certain
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Fast, Fasting
Fast, Fasting. Eating sparingly or abstaining from food altogether, either from necessity or desire. In medical terms, fasting is the detoxification of the body through the restriction of food.Spiritual fasting entails setting aside activities as well as reducing the intake of food and replacing these
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Fast
Fast Deliberate and sustained Abstinence from all food for a specific period of time. A fast may be associated with private acts of piety, the acknowledgment of disaster, emotional disturbance, mourning, or repentance, or it can form part of public devotion. The biblical writers accepted the social
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Fast, Fasting
FAST, FASTING Eating sparingly or abstaining from food altogether, either from necessity or desire. In medical terms, fasting is the detoxification of the body through the restriction of food.Spiritual fasting entails setting aside activities as well as reducing the intake of food and replacing these
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Fasting
fasting, abstention from food for intentional, usually religious, reasons. In the Bible, there are two kinds of fasting, private and public. Private fasts were observed as acts of penance (2 Sam. 12:15–23; 1 Kings 21:27; Ps. 69:1–15) or of mourning (Neh. 1:4); fasting could be a means of seeking divine
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Fast, Fasting
FAST, FASTING. Fasting in the Bible implies total abstinence (q.v. from all food for a certain period. The length of the time varied from daylight hours (“fasted that day until evening,” (Jdg 20:26) up to 40 days, as in the case of Moses, Elijah, and Jesus. People fasted either out of necessity during
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Fasting
FASTING. Fasting in the Bible generally means going without all food and drink for a period (e.g. Est. 4:16), and not merely refraining from certain foods.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Fasting
FastingDeliberate and often prolonged abstinence from food and sometimes drink. Comparative anthropological literature suggests that fasting is a varied phenomenon that must be defined by context. For example, fasts in ancient Israel (Heb. ṣôm) are related to mourning (2 Sam. 1:12; 3:35 = 1 Chr. 10:12;
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Fasting
Fasting (Heb. verb ṣûm, noun ṣôm; Gk. verb nēsteúō).† Deliberate and generally prolonged abstention from eating (and sometimes drinking) as a means of humbling oneself before God (Heb. kāna˓, niphal; cf. Lev. 16:19, te˓annû eṯ-nap̱šeṯêḵem “afflict your soul”; RSV “afflict yourselves”).
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Fasting
FastingFasting is a tangible expression or direct corollary of one’s relationship with God rather than a religious discipline. Though he does not prohibit it, Jesus views his own presence at the dawn of the age of salvation* as rendering fasting generally inappropriate.1. Fasting among the Jews2.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Fasting
FASTING Abstention from food, either wholly or partially, as an act of mourning or penance.According to the Law of Moses, there was only one day in the year appointed as a fast day, namely the tenth day of the seventh month, the Day of Atonement (Lev 16:29; 23:27, 32; Num 29:7). Nevertheless, fasting
Key passages
Mt 9:14–17

Then the disciples of John approached him, saying, “Why do we and the Pharisees fast often, but your disciples do not fast?” And Jesus said to them, “The bridegroom’s attendants are not able to mourn as long as the bridegroom is with them. But days are coming when the bridegroom …

Mk 2:18–22

And John’s disciples and the Pharisees were fasting, and they came and said to him, “Why do the disciples of John and the disciples of the Pharisees fast, but your disciples do not fast?” And Jesus said to them, “The bridegroom’s attendants are not able to fast while the bridegroom …

Lk 5:33–39

And they said to him, “The disciples of John fast often and make prayers—likewise also the disciples of the Pharisees—but yours are eating and drinking!” So he said to them, “You are not able to make the bridegroom’s attendants fast as long as the bridegroom is with them, are …