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Jesus appears to the women
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The word “Easter” does not appear in the Bible and an Easter celebration is not mentioned, though in Acts 12:4 KJV it is used in place of “Passover.” Some also suggest there are remnants of the concept of Easter in 1 Cor 5:7. Easter is a later development of church tradition.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Easter
Easter (פֶּסַח‎, pesach; פַּסְחָא‎, pascha'; πάσχα, pascha). The word “Easter” does not appear in the Bible and an Easter celebration is not mentioned, though in Acts 12:4 KJV it is used in place of “Passover.” Some also suggest there are remnants of the concept of Easter in 1 Cor 5:7. Easter is a later
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Easter
Easter (AV Acts 12:4). An anachronistic mistranslation of the Gk. páscha (RSV, NEB, “Passover”), in which the AV followed such earlier versions as Tyndale and Coverdale. The Acts passage refers to the seven-day Passover festival (including the Feast of Unleavened Bread). It is reasonably certain that
Resurrection of Jesus Christ
Resurrection of Jesus Christ [ (nouns) Gk. anástasis (Acts 1:22; 2:31; 4:33; Phil. 3:10; 1 Pet. 1:3; 3:21; etc.), égersis (Mt. 27:53); (verbs) anístēmi (Acts 2:24, 32; 17:3, 31; 1 Thess. 4:14; etc.), egeírō (Mk. 14:28; 16:6; Lk. 24:34; Jn. 2:22; 21:14; Acts 3:15; 1 Cor. 15:4, 12–17; 1 Pet. 1:21; etc.)].
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Easter
EASTER. This word appears only once in the KJV (Acts 12:4). It is used there as a translation of the Gr. word pascha, which is translated correctly as “passover” in the 28 other places where it occurs in the NT. Revisions of the KJV consistently translate pascha as “passover” in all passages, including
Resurrection of Jesus Christ
The Garden Tomb, Jerusalem. Photo LeonRESURRECTION OF JESUS CHRIST. The miracle of Easter is the heart of the Christian faith and message. The resurrection and the cross are the main themes of Acts and of the epistles. Peter speaks of the One “whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death,”
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Easter
EASTER, a word used in the Germanic languages to denote the festival of the vernal equinox, and subsequently, with the coming of Christianity, to denote the anniversary of the resurrection of Christ (which in Gk. and Romance tongues is denoted by pascha, ‘Passover’, and its derivatives). Tyndale, Coverdale
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Easter
EasterAn ancient and important Christian festival celebrating the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Originally called Pascha due to its association with the Jewish Passover, Easter is preceded by the 40-day season of Lent, a time of penitence and preparation. The early Church used the Lenten season as a
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Easter
Easter. *Festival celebrating the resurrection of Jesus Christ. The name, which has been attested as early as the eighth century A.D., is believed to have derived from annual sacrifices in honor of Eostre, the Anglo-Saxon spring goddess. The Eastern church, following the practice of early Jewish Christians,
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Easter
Easter. The Feast of the Resurrection of Christ, being the greatest and oldest feast of the Christian Church. Its importance is emphasized liturgically by the long preparation of *Lent and *Passiontide, by the special ceremonies of *Holy Week, and by the following *Paschaltide, marked in the W. Church
Resurrection of Christ
Resurrection of Christ. The conviction that God not only sent His Son into the world but also vindicated Him after His death upon a cross, is fundamental to the NT witness and the corner-stone of Christian faith and theology. This certainty that God had reversed human judgement and established freedom
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Easter
Easter. Acts 12:4. In the earlier English versions Easter has been frequently used as the translation of pascha (passover). In the Authorized Version Passover was substituted in all passages but this; and in the new Revision Passover is used here. [Passover.]
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Easter
EASTER (Gk. pascha, from Heb. pesaḥ). The Passover (which see), and so translated in every passage except in the KJV: “intending after Easter to bring him forth to the people” (Acts 12:4). In the earlier English versions Easter had been frequently used as the translation of pascha. At the last revision
Resurrection of Christ
RESURRECTION OF CHRIST. The return of Christ to bodily life on the earth on the third day after His death.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Easter
Easteroriginally a Saxon word (Eostre), denoting a goddess of the Saxons, in honour of whom sacrifices were offered about the time of the Passover. Hence the name came to be given to the festival of the Resurrection of Christ, which occured at the time of the Passover. In the early English versions
Resurrection of Christ
Resurrection of Christone of the cardinal facts and doctrines of the gospel. If Christ be not risen, our faith is vain (1 Cor. 15:14). The whole of the New Testament revelation rests on this as an historical fact. On the day of Pentecost Peter argued the necessity of Christ’s resurrection from the prediction
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Easter
EasterEaster, the Christian festival that celebrates Jesus’ resurrection. The name ‘Easter’ derives from the Anglo-Saxon goddess of Spring (Eostre or Ostara), but the Christian festival developed from the Jewish Passover (Heb. pesech, Gk. pascha), because according to the Gospels the events of Jesus’
Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics
Alternate Theories of Resurrection
Resurrection, Alternate Theories of. The evidence for the supernatural physical resurrection of Christ is compelling (see Resurrection, Evidence for, and Resurrection, Physical Nature of), and the objections can be adequately answered (see Resurrection, Objections to). Alternate explanations to a supernatural
Evidence for Resurrection
Resurrection, Evidence for. The bodily resurrection of Christ is the crowning proof that Jesus was who he claimed to be, God manifested in human flesh (see Christ, Deity of). Indeed, the resurrection of Christ in flesh is of such importance to the Christian faith that the New Testament insists that no
Lapide, Pinchas
Lapide, Pinchas. Pinchas Lapide is a late-twentieth-century Jewish rabbi and biblical scholar who, without converting to Christianity, supports the Christian belief that Jesus of Nazareth rose bodily from the grave. His conclusion supports a crucial link in the Christian apologetic—that of Christ’s resurrection.
Objections to Resurrection
Resurrection, Objections to. Among standard objections raised against the physical resurrection of Christ, some aver that miracles in general, including the resurrection miracle, are not credible (see Miracles, Arguments Against). These are specifically answered in the article Miracles, Arguments Against.
Key passages
Mt 28:8–10

And they departed quickly from the tomb with fear and great joy, and ran to tell his disciples. And behold, Jesus met them, saying, “Greetings!” And they came up and took hold of his feet and worshiped him. Then Jesus said to them, “Do not be afraid! Go tell my brothers that they should go …

Mk 16:9–11

Now early on the first day of the week, after he rose, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, from whom he had expelled seven demons. She went out and announced it to those who were with him while they were mourning and weeping. And those, when they heard that he was alive and had been …

Jn 20:11–18

But Mary stood outside at the tomb, weeping. Then, while she was weeping, she bent over to look into the tomb, and she saw two angels in white, seated one at the head and one at the feet where the body of Jesus had been lying. And they said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping?” She said to them, …