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Jesus and his disciples baptize in Judea
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The act of washing in water as part of a purification ritual. The rite of formal initiation into the Christian church through water. Regarded by many Christian groups as a sacrament (though some groups prefer the term ordinance). Though several allusions to baptism exist in the Old Testament, baptism is primarily a New Testament concept.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Baptism
Baptism (βάπτισμα, baptisma). The act of washing in water as part of a purification ritual. The rite of formal initiation into the Christian church through water. Regarded by many Christian groups as a sacrament (though some groups prefer the term ordinance). Though several allusions to baptism exist
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Baptism
Baptism. Term generally meaning “to dip” or “immerse,” but representing a group of words employed to signify a religious rite for ritual cleansing. In Judaism there were ritual ablutions, Qumran lustrations, and proselyte baptism. In the NT it became the rite of initiation into the Christian community.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Baptism
BAPTISM Term generally meaning “to dip” or “immerse,” but representing a group of words employed to signify a religious rite for ritual cleansing. In the NT it became the rite of initiation into the Christian community, and it was interpreted theologically as a dying and rising with Christ.PreviewThe
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Baptism
baptism, an initiatory rite involving water. The term is derived from a Greek word meaning “to immerse in or wash with water” (Mark 7:4). In the Bible, baptism is only mentioned as such in the nt, and so it is connected primarily with Christianity or with people like John the Baptist, who came to be
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Baptism
BAPTISM (Gr. nouns baptismos and baptisma; Gr. verbs baptizō and baptō).Three different views are held concerning the real meaning of baptism. The Baptists and others who baptize by immersion maintain that it signifies the believer’s identification with the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ,
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Baptism
BaptismRitual cleansings of the body were well established in Torah (e.g., Exod. 29:4; 30:17–21; 40:30–33; Lev. 17:15–16; Deut. 21:6), as throughout the ancient Near East. Naaman was told to wash seven times in the Jordan to be healed (2 Kgs. 5:10). Later, lustration played a central role at Qumran.
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Baptism
BaptismBaptism is associated with a general group of practices related to washing. In addition to the common terms for baptism (baptō, baptizō, baptisma, baptismos, baptistēs), one must also be aware of terms associated with the act of complete or partial washings (louō, niptō). Here we will survey
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Baptism
BaptismFrom references to baptism in Paul’s letters it is apparent that he assumes that all believers in Christ have been baptized. A single example will suffice to show this. Paul’s exposition of baptism in Romans 6 commences by citing an objection to his teaching of justification by faith apart from
Key passages
Jn 3:22

After these things Jesus and his disciples came into Judean territory, and there he spent time with them and was baptizing.

Jn 4:2

(although Jesus himself was not baptizing, but his disciples),

See also
Participants
Setting
Topics & Themes