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Jesus’ Family
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Historical Jesus, Quest for the
Jesus, Historical, Quest for Overviews the scholarly pursuit to create the best reconstruction of Jesus’ life and teachings through the use of the best readings of the most recent historical data.
Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ (ca. 5/4 bcad 30/33). According to the New Testament, Jesus Christ is the incarnate Word of God, the Creator and Savior of the world, the founder of Christianity, and the sinless exemplar of its principles and practices. “Jesus”—His personal name—is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew “Jeshua” (or
Jesus in the Talmud
Jesus in the Talmud Discusses the debate over purported references to Jesus of Nazareth in classical rabbinic literature such as the Talmud.
Jesus, Brothers of
Jesus, Brothers of The siblings of Jesus represented in the New Testament and beyond. The nature of their kinship relation to Jesus is a controversial topic.
Jesus, Canonical
Jesus, Canonical Approach to The portrayal of Jesus according to the accounts of the canonical Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John). These texts present the story of Jesus as the climax of salvation history, within the context of God’s dealings with Israel, and in support of the Christian Church’s
Joseph, Brother of Jesus
Joseph, Brother of Jesus (Ἰωσήφ, Iōsēph; Ἰωσῆς, Iōsēs). Called “Joses” in Mark 6:3 and described as a brother of Jesus (Matt 13:55). For further information on Jesus’ brothers as a group, see this article: Jesus, Brothers of.
Mary, Mother of Jesus
Mary, Mother of Jesus (Μαρία, Maria). Virgin mother of Jesus. Beliefs regarding Mary’s theological and historical significance, as well as her role in the incarnation, have developed throughout history. The Old Testament and New Testament are foundational to the various literary and theological platforms
Qumran and Jesus
Qumran and Jesus Explores the parallels between Jesus and the Qumran community.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Jesus (Person)
JESUS (PERSON) [Gk Iēsous (Ἰησους)]. Several persons mentioned in the Bible bear this name, which is a Greek form of Joshua (Heb yĕhôšûaʿ; cf. the Gk of Luke 3:29; Acts 7:45; Heb 4:8). One of these is the son of Sirach, who wrote the deuterocanonical book of Ecclesiasticus; see WISDOM OF BEN-SIRA.
Jesus, Brothers and Sisters of
JESUS, BROTHERS AND SISTERS OF. In the NT and in extracanonical literature there is mention of Jesus’ brothers and sisters. The question of Jesus’ brothers and sisters has been a point of controversy throughout church history.A. NT EvidenceSeveral NT passages mention the brothers of Jesus (and his
Joseph (Person)
JOSEPH (PERSON) [Heb yôsēp (יֹוסֵף)]. Several persons in the OT, Apocrypha, and NT bear this name.1. See JOSEPH, SON OF JACOB.2. The father of Igal, the individual selected from the tribe of Issachar to spy out the land of Canaan (Num 13:7).3. A Levite who was one of the “sons of Asaph” (1 Chr 25:2,
Joses (Person)
JOSES (PERSON) [Gk Iōsēs (Ἰωσης)]. Greek equivalent of the Hebrew Joseph (Mark 6:3 = Matt 13:55; Mark 15:40 = Matt 27:56).1. Brother of Jesus (Mark 6:3). The meaning of the word brother is uncertain. It is simplest to understand Jesus’ brothers as the sons of Joseph and Mary born after Jesus. In
Mary (Person)
MARY (PERSON) [Gk Maria (Μαρια); Mariam (Μαριαμ)]. The name of six or seven women mentioned in the NT. The name derives from Heb miryām.1. The mother of Jesus. See MARY, MOTHER OF JESUS.2. Mary Magdalene. One of the most prominent of the Galilean women to have followed Jesus. Although none of the
Mary, Mother of Jesus
MARY, MOTHER OF JESUS. Mentioned by name only in the Synoptic Gospels and Acts, the mother of Jesus is a character of some importance in the gospel of John as well (though her name is never given). She appears by implication elsewhere in the NT also, and becomes a figure of increasing attention in the
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Brothers of Jesus
Brothers of Jesus. James, Joses (or Joseph), Simon, and Judas, identified in the NT as members of Jesus’ own family (Mt 13:55; Mk 6:3). They are described as visiting Jesus with Mary, his mother (Mt 12:47–50; Mk 3:31–35; Lk 8:19–21), and hearing Jesus’ statement that all who did the will of God were
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Brothers of the Lord
Brothers of the Lord In Mt. 12:46ff; Mk. 3:31ff; Lk. 8:19ff, while Jesus was in the midst of an earnest argument with scribes and Pharisees, His mother and brothers sent a message evidently intended to end the discussion. In order to indicate that no familial ties should interfere with the discharge
Joseph
14. A brother of Jesus (Mt. 13:55; AV Joses), called Joses in Mk. 6:3 (see Joses 1).
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Brothers of Jesus
BROTHERS OF JESUS* James, Joses (or Joseph), Simon, and Judas, identified in the NT as members of Jesus’ own family (Mt 13:55; Mk 6:3). They are described as visiting Jesus with Mary, his mother (Mt 12:47–50; Mk 3:34–35; Lk 8:19–21), and hearing Jesus’ statement that all who did the will of God were
Jesus Christ
JESUS CHRIST Messiah, Savior, and founder of the Christian church.In providing a biography of Jesus Christ it must be borne in mind that each of the Gospels has its own distinctive purpose. Matthew, for instance, presents Jesus as the messianic King, whereas the emphasis in Mark is more on Jesus as
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Jesus Christ
Jesus Christjesus christ is the central figure of the nt: every book is written because of him and, in some sense, about him. Within the nt itself, he is spoken of in two distinct ways.(1) The nt describes and reflects upon a man named Jesus who lived in Galilee and was eventually crucified in Jerusalem;
Joseph
Joseph (joh´sif).1 The older son of Rachel, who was the favorite wife of Jacob (Israel), ancestor of the Israelites. Thus, Joseph’s descendants form one of the original twelve tribes of Israel (Gen. 49:22–26), but the tribe of Joseph divided into Ephraim and Manasseh after Levi left the tribal structure
Mary
Mary (mair´ee; GK. Maria or Mariam; Heb. marah, “bitter” or “grieved,” or miryam, “rebellion”), a name borne by seven women in the nt, unless two or more are identical.1 Mary, the mother of Jesus. See Mary, Virgin.2 Mary of Bethany, the sister of Martha and Lazarus (Luke 10:38–39; John 11:1). She appears
Mary, Virgin
Mary, Virgin, the wife of Joseph, known as “the Virgin” because of her reported virginal conception of Jesus. She is portrayed somewhat negatively in Mark, less so in Matthew, and positively in Luke. She is not mentioned by name in the Gospel of John, though there are several references there to the
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Brothers of Our Lord
BROTHERS OF OUR LORD. The NT contains a number of references to the brothers of Christ (Mt 12:46 ff.) and parallels; (Jn 2:12; 7:3, 5, 10; Acts 1:14; 1 Cor 9:5; Gal 1:19). Their names, as listed in Mt 13:55, were James, Joses, Simon, and Judas.Since the days of the early church, the relationship of
Jesus Christ
JESUS CHRIST. Jesus Christ is unique in several respects, not the least of which is the fact that in Him alone centers the gospel of the grace of God. He has changed the face of history, for in Him eternity has invaded time, God has become man, and human life has achieved through His redemption a significance
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Brethren of the Lord
BRETHREN OF THE LORD. Four men are described in the Gospels as ‘brothers’ of Jesus, viz. James, Joses, Simon and Judas (Mt. 13:55; Mk. 6:3). The native townsmen of Jesus expressed amazement that a brother of these men should possess such wisdom and such power (Mk. 6:2–3). On the other hand, Jesus contrasted
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Brothers of the Lord
Brothers of the LordThe four Gospels refer to “brothers” (Gk. adelphoɩ́) of Jesus. While John (2:12; 7:3–10) never names them, Mark 6:3 (= Matt. 13:54–56) identifies them as “James and Joses (Joseph) and Judas and Simon” and indicates that Jesus had more than one sister. The Gospels also agree that
Jesus Christ
Jesus ChristThe founder of what became the Christian movement. For greater specificity, in his lifetime he was called “Jesus son of Joseph” (Luke 4:22; John 1:45; 6:42), “Jesus of Nazareth” (Acts 10:38), or “Jesus the Nazarene” (Mark 1:24; Luke 24:19 [some translations do not distinguish “the Nazarene”
Joseph
Joseph (Heb. yôsēp̱, yĕhôsēp̱; Gk. Iōsḗph, Iosḗs) (also JOSES)1. The 11th son of Jacob and the older son of Rachel. Rachel, the wife whom Jacob loved, was barren for a long time before giving birth to Joseph (Gen. 29:31–30:21). Her words upon giving birth to Joseph reflect the two possible
Joses
Joses (Gk. Iōsḗs) (also JOSEPH)1. One of the brothers of Jesus (Mark 6:3). At Matt. 13:55 he is called Joseph (10).2. A brother of James the younger (Mark 15:40, 47). At Matt. 27:56 he is called Joseph (11).
Mary
Mary (Gk. Marɩ́a, Mariám)1. Mary the mother of Jesus. Biographical information regarding Mary is limited. According to Luke, her home is the insignificant Galilean village of Nazareth (Luke 1:26), but Matthew places her in Nazareth only after the birth of Jesus (Matt. 2:1, 23). Both Matthew and Luke
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Brothers of the Lord
Brothers of the Lord. A New Testament phrase (Gk. adelphoí toú kyríou, 1 Cor. 9:5; cf. Gal. 1:19) which has been interpreted to mean Jesus’ actual physical brothers and children of both Joseph and Mary, the children of Joseph and a former wife, or Jesus’ cousins. In favor of the argument for actual
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Jesus
JESUS ἸησοῦςI. Iēsous is the Greek form of the Hebrew personal name yĕhōšūʿa stamped after its postexilic variant yēšūʿa. The votive name means “Yahweh is help (salvation)” as rightly interpreted by Philo, Mut. 121. It is derived from the root yšʿ, frequent in other Hebrew and Semitic personal
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Jesus
Jesus and paulThe relationship between Jesus and Paul poses a historical question with huge theological ramifications. Is Paul’s theology in harmony and continuity with the teaching and ministry of Jesus, or is there an unbridgeable gulf between them? It is generally held that, if it is to merit the