Jesuit • S.J. • Society of Jesus
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Jesuits. The Society of Jesus, founded by St *Ignatius Loyola (q.v.) with nine companions, was approved by *Paul III in the bull ‘*Regimini militantis ecclesiae’ in 1540. The constitutions of the Society, constructed by Ignatius and his secretary, Juan de Polanco, were officially approved by the
The Dictionary of Historical Theology
JesuitsThe history of the Jesuits begins in the life of their founder, *Ignatius of Loyola, and his experience of God which he communicated to others by means of his Spiritual Exercises, a month-long retreat which invites those making it to distinguish themselves in the service of Jesus, even to the
A Catholic Dictionary
jesuits. The annals of this great order, and the Life of its founder, have been so frequently written, that the general outlines of both are familiar to most persons. St. Ignatius Loyola, born in 1491, of a noble family in Biscay, and trained to the military profession, received a severe wound in the
Compton’s Encyclopedia
Society of Jesus
Society of JesusThe largest all-male religious order within the Roman Catholic church is the Society of Jesus, more commonly called Jesuits. The order was founded by St. Ignatius of Loyola in Paris, France, on Aug. 15, 1534, when he and six university students pledged to keep vows of chastity, poverty,
Ecclesiastical Dictionary: Containing, in Concise Form, Information upon Ecclesiastical, Biblical, Archæological, and Historical Subjects
Jesuits.—Name given to the members of the religious order known as the “Society of Jesus.” At the very time when Luther and the other reformers bade defiance to the Holy See, divine Providence raised up an order which should support the Chair of St. Peter against the new heretics; and by example, preaching,
Jesuits and Their Suppression
Jesuits and Their Suppression.—The Order of the Jesuits was suppressed by Pope Clement XIV. The Brief of Suppression of the “Society of Jesus” was issued July 21st, 1773, although it had been prepared long before. To understand fully this Pontifical act of administration, which was indeed a purely administrative
Paccanarists.—Name adopted by the Jesuits or “Fathers of the Faith,” reorganized about the end of the eighteenth century by Paccanari, a Tyrolian priest.
The Thiselton Companion to Christian Theology
JesuitsThe Society of Jesus (the Jesuits) was founded by Ignatius Loyola (1491–1556) with nine companions, among whom was Francis Xavier. Pope Paul III approved the society in 1540. Ignatius, who came from Loyola, south of the Pyrenees, wanted to rekindle fervor and practice in the church. The society
Pocket Dictionary of Church History: Over 300 Terms Clearly and Concisely Defined
Jesuits (Society of Jesus). A dynamic monastic order started in the mid-sixteenth century by the Spaniard *Ignatius of Loyola, the Jesuit movement became one of the most powerful and effective forces used by the Roman church to counter the gains of Protestantism. Answering directly to the pope, Jesuit
Dictionary of Theological Terms
JesuitsA Roman Catholic society formed in 1534 by Ignatius Loyola (1491–1556) and officially instituted as an Order of the Roman church by a papal bull* in 1540. According to the bull, the Jesuits were constituted “to wield the arms of God” in obedience to the pope. Their chief aim was to stamp out
Evangelical Dictionary of Theology
Society of Jesus
Society of Jesus (Jesuits). A monastic order founded by Ignatius of Loyola and approved as a Catholic religious order in 1540. The Jesuits are classified as mendicant clerks regular. Unlike most earlier orders, there is no parallel branch for women.In 1534 Loyola and six companions, all students of
New Dictionary of Theology: Historical and Systematic
Jesuit Theology
JESUIT THEOLOGYAmong the ‘Rules for Thinking with the Church’, which *Ignatius Loyola, the founder of the Jesuits, added to his Spiritual Exercises after encountering Protestantism at Paris, is the injunction ‘to praise both positive and *scholastic theology’. ‘The positive doctors’ such as *Augustine,