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Jerusalem Temple
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The representative dwelling place of God and the focal point of Israel’s worship. The temple’s innermost room, called the holy of holies, housed the ark of the covenant. Various kinds of sacrifices were performed at the temple to remove impurities, atone for sins, and make peace with God.The temple in Jerusalem was the permanent replacement for the tabernacle, the tent where God resided among His people during their wilderness wanderings. The first temple was built by King Solomon around 950 bc and was destroyed in 587/6 bc by the Babylonians. After the fall of Babylon in 539 bc, Jewish exiles returned to Jerusalem and, led by Zerubbabel, began to rebuild the temple. The second temple was completed around 518/17 bc and was extensively renovated by Herod the Great starting in 20 bc. The Romans destroyed the second temple in ad 70 during the First Jewish Revolt.The future temple is the centerpiece of a vision received by the prophet Ezekiel (Ezek 40–44).For further details about specific temple structures, see these articles: Temple, Solomon’s; Temple, Zerubbabel’s; Temple, Herod’s; Temple, Ezekiel’s; Holy of Holies.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Temple, Jerusalem
Temple, Jerusalem The representative dwelling place of God and the focal point of Israel’s worship. The temple’s innermost room, called the holy of holies, housed the ark of the covenant. Various kinds of sacrifices were performed at the temple to remove impurities, atone for sins, and make peace with
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Temple, Jerusalem
TEMPLE, JERUSALEM. Although not a trace of any phase of the temple building in Jerusalem seems to have survived to the present day, the Jerusalem Temple holds a place of great prominence in the architectural history of the Western world. No other building of the ancient world, either while it stood in
Ecclesiastical Dictionary: Containing, in Concise Form, Information upon Ecclesiastical, Biblical, Archæological, and Historical Subjects
Temple of Jerusalem
Temple of Jerusalem.—The religious edifice of the Jews in Jerusalem. There were three buildings successively erected on the same spot, and entitled, from the names of the builders, the Temple of Solomon, the Temple of Zorobabel, and the Temple of Herod. The first was built by Solomon and destroyed by
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
Levelling
LEVELLING.—1. In mountainous countries like Palestine landslips are not uncommon, and in this way roads are blocked, or obstructed by falling débris. The drenching rains loosen the stones on the hillsides and send them rolling down to the plains, and the swollen burns and torrents cut new channels for
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Temple of Jerusalem
TEMPLE OF JERUSALEM Place of worship, especially the temple of Solomon built in Jerusalem for national worship of Yahweh. Sacred or holy space is the meaning of our word “temple,” very like the two Greek words, hieron (temple area) and naos (sanctuary itself) which are translated “temple” in the NT.
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 5, Q–Z
Temple, Jerusalem
temple, Jerusalem. A building constructed by Solomon for the worship of God. The temple was destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 B.C. but rebuilt after the exile under Zerubbabel (this structure is often referred to as the second temple). Herod the Great began a major renovation in 20 B.C., and the completed
The Eerdmans Encyclopedia of Early Christian Art and Archaeology, Volumes 1–3
Jerusalem: Holy Sepulchre
Jerusalem: Holy SepulchreChurch built over the traditional place (Golgotha) of the crucifixion and burial of Jesus. The pre-Constantinian history of this site is controverted, but traditional Christian claims are compelling (contra Taylor.1993, 113ff.). In the 1st c. a.d. the site was an abandoned
Jerusalem: Temple
Jerusalem: TempleThe earliest members of the Jesus movement were Galilean Jews, who would have been familiar with two defining Jewish institutions of worship in 1st-c. Roman Palestine: communal synagogues found throughout the landscape, and the singular, priestly-run temple uniquely situated in the
Place: Holy Earliest Written Evidence
Place: Holy (Earliest Written Evidence)For the vast majority of Jews in the 1st c.a.d., the Jerusalem temple was the locus of God’s special presence among his people. It was a symbol of God’s choice of the Jewish people as his own, and its priests were the official representatives mediating God’s presence
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
TEMPLE OF SOLOMON
TEMPLE OF SOLOMON. King Solomon built the first permanent Temple for Yahweh in Jerusalem in the mid-10th cent. bce, thus completing his father David’s program of turning Jerusalem into the religious as well as political capital of the united kingdom of Israel and Judah. David began this process when
TEMPLE, JERUSALEM
TEMPLE, JERUSALEM [בַּיִתbayith, הֵיכָלhekhal, מִקְדָּשׁmiqdash; ἅγιον hagion, ἱερόν hieron, ναός naos, οἶκος oikos]. In its long history Israel built numerous sanctuaries and temples for its God, Yahweh, but of these, the historically most important were the three chronologically successive
The Dictionary of the Bible and Ancient Media
Temple Jerusalem
Temple (Jerusalem) The Second Temple of Jerusalem stood from roughly 516 BCE to 70 CE. During that time, it functioned as the central site of cultic worship and a major ideological focal point for Jews throughout the world. Following its destruction in 70 CE, the Temple became a prominent object of cultural
Key passages
1 Ki 6:1–38

It happened in the four hundred and eightieth year after the Israelites went out from the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s rule over Israel, the month of Ziv (that is the second month), that he began to build the house for Yahweh. Now the …

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