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Jephthah (person)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Summoned by the elders of Gilead to lead a battle against the Ammonites. Jephthah responded on the condition that he would rule over Gilead after his victorious return. Jephthah successfully routed the Ammonites and ruled over Gilead for six years. He sacrificed his only daughter because of a vow he made before going to battle.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Jephthah the Judge
Jephthah the Judge (יִפְתָח‎, yiphthach). Summoned by the elders of Gilead to lead a battle against the Ammonites. Jephthah responded on the condition that he would rule over Gilead after his victorious return. Jephthah successfully routed the Ammonites and ruled over Gilead for six years. He sacrificed
Jephthah the Judge, Critical Issues
Jephthah the Judge, Critical Issues Considers the time period, geopolitical setting, and moral characterization of Jephthah (יִפְתָח‎, yiphthach), who was called by the elders of Gilead to lead a battle against the Ammonites (Judg 11:4–11). Jephthah is a complex figure in Judges—he defeats the Ammonites
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Jephthah (Person)
JEPHTHAH (PERSON) [Heb yiptāḥ (יִפְתָּח)]. One of the Israelite military leaders in the era of the book of Judges, his career is recounted at considerable length (Judg 10:6–12:7). Jephthah was remembered for mobilizing the resistance, and leading the counter offensive, to defeat the Ammonites in Transjordan
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Jephthah, Jephthae
Jephthah, Jephthae. Illegitimate son of Gilead (Jgs 11:1) and a leader in the period of the judges. The son of a harlot, Jephthah was dispossessed by his father’s other sons and refused a share in their father’s home. He moved to the land of Tob, a small Aramaean state east of the Jordan River (11:3,
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Jephthah
Jephthah jefʹthə [Heb. yip̱tāḥ—‘opened’, or ‘opener,’ prob signifying “Yahweh will open”; Gk. Iephthae]; AV NT JEPHTHAE (He. 11:32). The designation also appears as a place name, Iphtah (Josh. 15:43). Jephthah was the ninth judge of Israel, who gave charismatic leadership for six years (Jgs. 11:1–12:7).
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Jephthah
JEPHTHAH Illegitimate son of Gilead (Jgs 11:1) and a leader in the period of the judges. The son of a harlot, Jephthah was dispossessed by his father’s other sons and refused a share in their father’s home. He moved to the land of Tob, a small Aramean state east of the Jordan River (Jgs 11:3–5), and
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Jephthah
Jephthah (jef´thuh; Heb., “the Lord opens”), a Gileadite who delivered Israel from Ammonite domination. Jephthah sacrificed his daughter to fulfill a vow, suppressed an Ephraimite force in Gilead, and judged Israel six years (Judg. 10:6–12:7).Jephthah was the son of Gilead and a prostitute, but he was
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Jephthah
JEPHTHAH. One of the important leaders from the period of the judges (Jdg 11:1–12:7). He was from the area of Gilead and was a son of a man named Gilead. His mother was a harlot, so Gilead’s legitimate children drove Jephthah from home. He went to live at Tob, possibly just E of Ramoth-gilead. Here he
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Jephthah
JEPHTHAH. One of the later (c. 1100 bc) Hebrew judges (Jdg. 11:1–12:7), whose name yip̱tāḥ is ‘probably shortened from yip̱tāḥ-’ēl,’ God opens (sc. the womb), ‘which is cited as a proper name in Sabean’ (NBCR, p. 267). The son of a common heathen prostitute (zônâ) and the then childless Gilead,
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Jephthah
Jephthah (Heb. yip̱taḥ)A military leader who successfully directed Gilead’s resistance of Ammonite occupation and subsequently served as judge (Judg. 10:6–12:7). Jephthah’s victory is tempered by its tragic and morally ambiguous consequences: his vow, resulting in his daughter’s death, and his battle
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Jephthah
Jephthah [jĕˊthə] (Heb. yip̱tāḥ, “he [God] shall open [the womb]”).† A military leader who defeated the Ammonites and Philistines in Transjordan and subsequently became a judge in Israel (Judg. 10:6–12:7).Jephthah was the illegitimate son of Gilead, born in the town of the same name. When his
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Jephthah
JEPHTHAH (Hebrew, “may he [the Lord] open [the womb]”) One of the major judges of Israel whose career is detailed in Judges (Judg 10:6–12:7). Jephthah was the son of a prostitute in Gilead; he was expelled from the family by his father’s legitimate sons and took up a living as an outlaw and a bandit
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Jephthae
Jeph´thae (whom God sets free), Heb. 11:32, the Greek form of the name Jephthah.
Jephthah
Jeph´thah (whom God sets free), a judge about b.c. 1143–1137. His history is contained in Judges 11:1–12:8. He was a Gileadite, the son of Gilead and a concubine. Driven by the legitimate sons from his father’s inheritance, he went to Tob and became the head of a company of freebooters in a debatable