A strong feeling of possessiveness; intolerance of rivals.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
jealousy. When attributed to God, “jealousy” describes God’s desire for a relationship with people that is not compromised by infidelity or idolatry (Exod. 20:5; Deut. 5:9; Josh. 24:19; 1 Kings 14:22). The God of Israel is called a “jealous God,” because the covenant with Israel is predicated on the
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
JEALOUSY. In the OT the Heb. word qin’â has the basic idea of deep emotional ardor. It may be the ardor (1) of jealousy (Num 5:14; Song 8:6), (2) of zeal (Num 25:11; Isa 42:13; 63:15), or (3) of anger (Ezk 35:11; 36:6). God’s jealousy is that of a lover who demands the exclusive attention, worship and
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
JEALOUSY. The principal OT term rendered as jealousy in the English Bible is qîn’â from the verb qānā’, root meaning ‘become dark red’ (Nu. 5:14; Pr. 6:34; Ezk. 16:42; etc.). The normal lxx translation of qîn’â and its cognates is zēloō or the cognate parazēloō (Dt. 32:21; cf. Rom. 10:19),
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
JealousyHeb. qinʾâ; Gk. zḗlos, phthónos describe an intense emotional range for which English has no single word—both negative, “jealousy,” and positive, “zeal,” “anger,” and “devotion.” In the OT the term denotes a passion for justice in a particular situation and is associated more with the covenant
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Jealousy (Heb. qin˒â; Gk. zḗlos). In biblical usage, one of two possible aspects of a single active emotion. In the positive sense it is “jealousy for” someone and as such is righteous “zeal,” a concept used of both humans and God; in the negative sense it is “jealousy of” someone and thus is
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Jealousy, zealThe bulk of the NT usage of the related ideas “jealousy” and “zeal” (associated with zēlos, “zeal,” and zēloō, “strive” or “be jealous”) is found in Paul’s letters, including several nontechnical instances of “zealot” (zēlōtēs). Zeal represents intense effort and emotional energy
Catholic Bible Dictionary
JEALOUSY A feeling of intense possessiveness. Jealousy in Scripture can be either positive or negative, depending on whether it is directed toward a worthy object, such as God, or represents personal selfishness expressed in disordered desire or anger. The term “jealousy” is often used to translate the
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
JEALOUSY (Heb. qin˒â; Gk. zēlos). Properly, suspicion of a wife’s purity (Num. 5:14–15); often used of Jehovah’s sensitive regard for the true faith of His people (Ex. 20:5; etc.; 2 Cor. 11:2); used for anger or indignation, or intense interest for the welfare of another (Ps. 79:5; Zech. 1:14; 8:2;
Jealousy, Idol of
JEALOUSY, IDOL OF (Heb. sēmel haqqin˒â). The image seen by Ezekiel in the vision of the abominations of Jewish idolatry (Ezek. 8:3, 5). The idolatrous object was such as to excite the jealousy (which see) of Jehovah; probably Baal or Asherah, whose image had already been placed in the Temple by Manasseh
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Jealousysuspicion of a wife’s purity, one of the strongest passions (Num. 5:14; Prov. 6:34; Cant. 8:6); also an intense interest for another’s honour or prosperity (Ps. 79:5; 1 Cor. 10:22; Zech. 1:14).
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Jealousyjealousy. 1 A term used of God to refer to the unique relationship between God and his people (Exod. 20:5; Deut. 5:9; Josh. 24:19; 1 Kings 14:22). They are not to provoke God’s ‘jealousy’/wrath by idolatry or sinful behavior (Deut. 32:16; 1 Cor. 10:22). 2 What humans show as zeal or ardor (2
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
JEALOUSY<jel’-us-i> ([קִנְאָה‎, qin’ah]; [ζη̂λος, zelos]): Doubtless, the root idea of both the Greek and the Hob translated “jealousy” is “warmth,” “heat.” Both are used in a good and a bad sense — to represent right and wrong passion.When jealousy is attributed to God, the word is used in a
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Jealʹous-y, in its common acceptation, denotes a strong and intense feeling awakened by suspicion of infidelity or unfaithfulness in one beloved. The Orientals appear to have been particularly susceptible of this feeling, and among them especially it was “the rage of a man” (Prov. 6:34). The word is
Key passages
Ex 20:4–6

“You shall not make for yourself a divine image with any form that is in the heavens above or that is in the earth below or that is in the water below the earth. You will not bow down to them, and you will not serve them, because I am Yahweh your God, a jealous God, punishing the guilt of the parents …

Dt 4:24

for Yahweh your God is a devouring fire, a jealous God.

Ro 13:13

Let us live decently, as in the day, not in carousing and drunkenness, not in sexual immorality and licentiousness, not in strife and jealousy.

1 Co 3:3

for you are still fleshly. For where there is jealousy and strife among you, are you not fleshly, and do you not live like unregenerate people?

Ga 5:19–21

Now the deeds of the flesh are evident, which are sexual immorality, impurity, licentiousness, idolatry, sorcery, enmity, strife, jealousy, outbursts of anger, selfish ambition, dissension, factions, envy, drunkenness, carousing, and things like these, things which I am telling you in advance, …

Jas 3:14–16

But if you have bitter jealousy and selfish ambition in your hearts, do not boast and tell lies against the truth. This is not the wisdom that comes down from above, but is earthly, unspiritual, demonic. For where there is jealousy and selfish ambition, there is disorder and every evil practice. …

See also
Topics & Themes