Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A gem that reflects various colors and is symbolic of God’s glory (Rev 4:3; 21:11). One of the gems in the breastpiece of the high priest (Exod 28:20). Mentioned in Revelation as part of the new Jerusalem (Rev 21:18–19).
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
JasperA greenish, translucent variety of quartz of the type called chalcedony (Heb. yāšp̱ēh; Gk. ɩ́aspis). The stone is the third (and last) on the fourth row of the high priest’s breastplate (the LXX places it third and last on the second row (Exod. 28:20; 39:13). Jasper is also one of the precious
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Jasper, a precious stone frequently noticed in Scripture. It was the last of the twelve inserted in the high priest’s breastplate, Ex. 28:20; 39:13, and the first of the twelve used in the foundations of the new Jerusalem. Rev. 21:19. The characteristics of the stone as far as they are specified in Scripture,
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Jasper—(Heb. yashpheh, “glittering”), a gem of various colours, one of the twelve inserted in the high priest’s breast-plate (Ex. 28:20). It is named in the building of the New Jerusalem (Rev. 21:18, 19). It was “most precious,” “clear as crystal” (21:11). It was emblematic of the glory of God (4:3).
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Jasʹper, a precious stone frequently noticed in Scripture. It was the last of the twelve inserted in the high priest’s breastplate (Ex. 28:20; 39:13), and the first of the twelve used in the foundations of the New Jerusalem (Rev. 21:19). The characteristics of the stone, so far as they are mentioned
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
JASPER Green chalcedony. Jasper commonly translates two Hebrew terms and one Greek term. The first term is used for the sixth stone in the headdress of the king of Tyre (Ezek. 28:13). The second term is used for a stone in the high priest’s breastplate (Exod. 28:20; 39:13). This second term is rendered
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 3, H–L
jasper. An impure, opaque variety of very fine grained silica (silicon dioxide), allied to chalcedony and flint. It is usually red, brown, or yellow (more rarely green, blue, or black), and the brighter-colored varieties are used as gem stones (Heb. yošpēh H3835, Exod. 28:20 et al.; Gk. iaspis G2618,
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
JASPER [ישְׁפֵה yashfeh; ἴασπις iaspis]. A green variety of quartz called chalcedony. The stone is set in the fourth row of the high priest’s breastplate (LXX has the second row; Exod 28:20; 39:13). In a passage comparing the king of Tyre to the first human cast out of Eden, jasper represents Tyre’s