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Jareb
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A figurative title for the king of Assyria that is used twice in Hosea (Hos 5:13; 10:6). Jareb may be a proper name, but no king by the name of Jareb can be found in lists of Assyrian kings. It may also be a generic title used to speak of the “great king.”
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Jareb
Jareb (יָרֵב‎, yarev). A figurative title for the king of Assyria that is used twice in Hosea (Hos 5:13; 10:6). Jareb may be a proper name, but no king by the name of Jareb can be found in lists of Assyrian kings. It may also be a generic title used to speak of the “great king.”
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Jareb
Jareb. Name used by Hosea to designate an Assyrian king (Hos 5:13). Because no such name is to be found in the Assyrian king lists, some have conjectured that it designated Sargon, but this is mere speculation. In all probability Hosea chose this name (which in Hebrew means “contentious”) to describe
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Jareb
Jareb jāʹrəb, järʹəb [Heb. yārēḇ—‘let him contend’; Gk. Iareim]. The name given to an Assyrian king who received tribute from Israel (AV Hos. 5:13; 10:6).A. H. Sayce (Higher Criticism and the Monuments [1895], pp. 416f) thinks it was the original name of Sargon II, the usurper who succeeded Shalmaneser
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Jareb
JAREB* Name used by Hosea to designate an Assyrian king (Hos 5:13). Because no such name is to be found in the Assyrian king lists, some have conjectured that it designated Sargon, but this is mere speculation. In all probability Hosea chose this name (which in Hebrew means “contentious”) to describe
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Jareb
JAREB. The name or epithet of an Assyrian king who received tribute from Israel (Hos 5:13; 10:6). It is not safe to be dogmatic about the text and meaning. But if we adhere to the current text, we must regard Jareb as a nickname coined by Hosea to indicate the love of conflict which characterized the
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Jareb
JAREB. The av name or epithet of a king of Assyria who received tribute from Israel (Ho. 5:13; 10:6). If taken as a personal name it is assumed that the reference is to Tiglath-pileser III and Menahem’s attempt to buy off the Assyrians in 738 bc (2 Ki. 15:19) or to the plea by Ahaz for his help against
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Jareb
Jareb (Heb. yārēḇ)King of Assyria to whom Israel (Ephraim) sent tribute at various times during Hosea’s prophetic career (Hos. 5:13; 10:6), ca. 750–722 b.c. Because no other evidence supports the existence of a King Jareb, some interpreters read “a king who will contend,” a possible Hebrew epithet
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Jareb
Jareb [jârˊĭb] (Heb. yārēḇ).† At Hos. 5:13; 10:6 the KJV reads Heb. mlk yrb as a personal name. More likely, the text should be divided mlky rb (*malkî rāḇ “great king”; so RSV, JB, NIV), a Hebrew form of the Akkadian honorific title šarru rabû (cf. Sefire I.B.7). The NJV
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Jareb
Ja´reb (adversary) is to be explained either as the proper name of a country or person, as a noun in apposition, or as a verb from a root, rûb, “to contend, plead.” All these senses are represented in the Authorized Version and the marginal readings, Hos. 5:13; 10:6, and the least preferable has been
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Jareb
JA´REB (jaʹreb; “he will contend; contentious”). Occurs as a proper name in Hos. 5:13; 10:6, where a “King Jareb” is spoken of as the false refuge and final subjugator of the kingdom of Israel. It is a figurative title for the king of Assyria. The NIV renders the word yārēb (Jareb) as “great king.”
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Jareb
JarebJareb (jayʹreb), an Assyrian king. References to a King Jareb (kjv: Hos. 5:13; 10:6) are now usually understood as a Hebrew form of the standard Assyrian title malku rabu, known also in Aramaic, which means ‘great king,’ although other translations (e.g., ‘patron’) are possible. The prophet refers
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Jareb
JAREB [JAY rib] (he is great) — a figurative description, perhaps a nickname, of an Assyrian king who received tribute from Israel (Hos. 5:13; 10:6). The NIV and NRSV translate as “the great king.” The name may be a reference to Sargon II, who captured Samaria in 722 b.c.