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James (disciple)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
It is possible that James, son of Alphaeus, is the James called the less/younger in Mark 15:40. Regardless of whether he is the James mentioned there, he has often in church history been called “James the Less” to distinguish him from James, son of Zebedee (James “the Great”). He may be a brother of Levi (or Matthew), who is called a son of Alphaeus in Mark 2:14.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
James, Son of Alphaeus
James, Son of Alphaeus (Ἰάκωβος, Iakōbos), son of Alphaeus. A disciple listed ninth in the four lists of Jesus’ twelve disciples (Matt 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13). It is possible that James, son of Alphaeus, is the James called the less/younger in Mark 15:40. Regardless of whether he is the
James, Son of Zebedee
James, Son of Zebedee (Ἰάκωβος, Iakōbos). A member of Jesus’ inner circle of disciples. The brother of John. Not to be confused with James, brother of Jesus or James, son of Alphaeus. Later Christian tradition called him “James the Greater.”
Twelve, the
Twelve, the Twelve, The. A term used in the New Testament to refer to Jesus’ most prominent group of disciples.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
James (Person)
JAMES (PERSON) [Gk Iakōbos (Ἰακωβος)]. It is unclear how many different persons bear this name in the NT, where it occurs 42 times (the majority of these are in Mark; the name never occurs in John). The name was evidently quite popular in the 1st century. Three persons bearing the name James are relatively
James, Brother of Jesus
JAMES, BROTHER OF JESUS. One of the various Christians named James in the NT is the James who is identified as “the Lord’s brother” (Gal 1:19), a “pillar” of the Jerusalem Church (Gal 2:9), a participant in the conference(s) at Jerusalem (Gal 2:1–10; Acts 15:1–20), and as one who experienced the risen
Twelve, the
TWELVE, THE. In the gospel of Mark, the Twelve (hoi dōdeka; anathrous in Mark 3:14) are a group of disciples chosen by Jesus to be his special companions (Mark 3:14; 4:10; 11:11; 14:17). They were particularly instructed by Jesus (Mark 9:35; 10:32) and were sent by him to proclaim the coming of the
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
James (Person)
James (Person). Personal name which occurs 38 times in the NT, mostly in the synoptic Gospels. Apart from #1 below, the identities of the other persons bearing the name have been much debated. There may have been as many as four, though some scholars argue for two or three. Jerome (345?–414?), with a
Twelve, The
Twelve, The. Designation for the 12 disciples/apostles in 1 Corinthians 15:5.See Apostle, Apostleship.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
James
JamesThe name of two or more persons who were active in the early Church. James is the English equivalent of Gk. Iakōbos, which in turn is derived from Heb. yaʾaqōḇ (Jacob).The forty-one instances of this name in the NT seem to refer to two or three persons. Nineteen clearly refer to James the
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
James (Person)
JAMES (Person)1. James, brother of Jesus; leading elder in the church at Jerusalem; author of the epistle bearing his name.The only two references to James in the Gospels mention him with his brothers Joseph (Greek Joses), Simon, and Judas (Mt 13:55; Mk 6:3). This James may have been, after Jesus,
Twelve, the
TWELVE, THE Designation for the 12 apostles in 1 Corinthians 15:5 and other verses. See Apostle, Apostleship.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
James
James (jaymz), the English equivalent of the Greek Jacobus, a common name in the first century.1 James, the son of Zebedee (Matt. 4:21; 10:2; Mark 1:19; 3:17) and brother of John (Matt. 17:1; Mark 3:17; 5:37; Acts 12:2), with whom he was called by Jesus to be one of the twelve (Matt. 4:21; Mark 1:19–20;
Twelve, The
twelve, the, a group chosen by Jesus to accompany him and share his ministry. The twelve are listed in four different places in the nt, but the lists show some variance (Matt. 10:2–4; Mark 3:16–19; Luke 6:13–16; Acts 1:13–14; cf. John 6:70). The most significant difference is that Matthew and Mark both
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
James
JAMES. At least four persons mentioned in the NT bore this name (Gr. Iakōbos, from Heb. ya‘ăqōb, Jacob, q.v.). Two were among the 12 apostles, one was a half-brother of Jesus, and one was the father of Judas, one of the twelve. Probably James the leader of the church in Jerusalem and James the author
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
James
JAMES (Gk. Iakōbos, Heb. ya’aqōḇ, ‘heel-catcher’, ‘supplanter’).1. The son of Zebedee, a Galilean fisherman who was called with his brother John to be one of the twelve apostles (Mt. 4:21). These two along with Peter formed the inner core of three among the twelve, being present at the raising of
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
James
James (Gk. Iákōbos, from Heb. yaʿăqōḇ, “Jacob”)1. James the son of Zebedee. Among the first whom Jesus called as disciples (Mark 1:16–20 par.), James belonged with his (likely younger) brother John and Peter to the inner circle of Jesus’ disciples. In the four lists of the Twelve (Matt. 10:2–4; Mark
Twelve, the
Twelve, theThe central circle of Jesus’ disciples, whom he called to be apostles. The term “the Twelve” appears in all four Gospels (even after the death of Judas at John 20:24; cf. Luke 24:9). Lists of the Twelve in the Synoptic Gospels and Acts agree on the number but not entirely on their names (Matt.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Twelve, the
Twelve, the (Gk. hoi dó̄deka). The central circle of Jesus’ disciples, whom he called to be apostles. The term “the Twelve” appears in all four Gospels (even after the death of Judas at John 20:24; cf. Luke 24:9). Lists of the Twelve in the Synoptic Gospels and Acts agree on the number but not entirely
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
James
James and paulSince the Reformation James and Paul have often been viewed as having contradictory theologies, one focusing on works (see Works of the Law) and the other on grace. An examination of the critical texts shows, however, that in reality the two men used similar terms differently in separate
Catholic Bible Dictionary
James
JAMES (Greek Iakōbos, a Hellenized form of the Hebrew name “Jacob”) The name of several men in the New Testament.1. James the son of Zebedee (d. 44), brother of John, and one of the twelve apostles. Tradition sometimes calls him James the Great to distinguish him from James the Less, perhaps because
See also
Relatives
Alphaeus Father
Roles