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Jacob blesses his sons and gives burial instructions
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The parting words of Jacob to the sons of Israel in Gen 49:1–28.The passage functions as a transition from the story of Jacob and his sons to the story of corporate Israel. The series of oracles seems to be shaped by subsequent tribal history (Fretheim, “The Book of Genesis,” 656); the oracles could be an attempt to account for tribal fortunes rather than prophecies (Gibson, Genesis, 312). They best reflect the progress and development of the 12 tribes of Israel in Canaan following the invasion under Joshua (Gibson, Genesis, 312). This poetic speech merges three genres: deathbed tradition, tribal poem, and farewell address (Hartley, Genesis, 355). Its distinct literary style suggests the poetic verses originated in a different setting and circulated independently before being incorporated into Genesis (Hartley, Genesis, 355).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Blessing of Jacob
Blessing of Jacob The parting words of Jacob to the sons of Israel in Gen 49:1–28.The passage functions as a transition from the story of Jacob and his sons to the story of corporate Israel. The series of oracles seems to be shaped by subsequent tribal history (Fretheim, “The Book of Genesis,” 656);
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Jacob, Blessing Of
Jacob, Blessing of, a traditional title for the series of poems in Gen. 49:1–27; it derives from the unit’s postscript, 49:28b. Ostensibly the deathbed observations of Jacob (Israel) regarding his sons, the Blessing of Jacob actually offers evaluations of the Israelite tribes from a much later period
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Jacob, Blessing Of
JACOB, BLESSING OF The words delivered by Jacob to his sons in Gen 49:2–27. Judah receives a blessing of royal dignity (Gen 49:8–12), and Joseph receives his father’s firstborn blessing (Gen 49:22–26; cf. 1 Chr 5:1–2). There are stern words as well as blessings: Reuben, Simeon, and Levi are all rebuked
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Jacob, the Blessing of
Jacob, the Blessing OfJacob, the blessing of, the title accorded the poem of Gen. 49:1–27; it derives from the poem’s postscript, Gen. 49:28b. Ostensibly the death-bed observations in Egypt of Jacob-Israel regarding his sons, the evaluations are of the Israelite tribes as they were settled in Canaan
Key passages
Ge 49:1–32

Then Jacob called his sons and said, “Gather together so that I can tell you what will happen with you in days to come. Assemble and hear, O sons of Jacob! Listen to Israel your father! Reuben, you are my firstborn, my strength, and the firstfruit of my vigor, …