Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A Bethlehemite and the father of Elhanan, who slew Goliath the Gittite (2 Sam 21:19; compare 1 Sam 17:31–50).
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
JAIR (PERSON) [Heb yāʾı̂r (יָאִיר); yaʿı̂r (יַעִיר) Q/yaʿûr (יַעוּר) K]. The English spelling represents 2 Hebrew personal names with different spellings. Spelled with ʾalep, 3 persons mentioned in the OT bear this name (“Let [God] enlighten”). A fourth, spelled with ʿayin, is named in 1 Chr 20:5 (“Let
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Jair. 1. Descendant of Manasseh (Nm 32:41), who at the time of the conquest took several villages in Bashan and Gilead and called them after his own name, Havvoth-jair (“towns of Jair”) (Dt 3:14; cf. Jos 13:30; 1 Kgs 4:13; 1 Chr 2:23). A descendant of his, Ira, is called “the Jairite” (2 Sm 20:26).See
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Jair jāʹer [Heb. yāʾîr—‘may he shine’; (4) Q yāʿîr—‘may he arouse,’ K yāʿûr].
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
JAARE-OREGIM. The name given to the father of Elhanan, a Bethlehemite who killed the brother of Goliath (2 Sam 21:19). The name “Jaare-oregim” may result from a scribe having inserted the the word ’ōrɩ̂m from the next line of the same verse (an error of dittography), since the same man is also called
JAIR1. The son of Segub who was of the tribe of Manasseh on his mother’s side and of Judah on his father’s. During the conquest of Palestine Gilead was given to Manasseh, and Jair won for himself a number of villages in the plateau of Argob which came to be known as Havoth-jair, “villages of Jair” (Num
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Jaare-Oregim (Heb. yaʿărê ʾōrĕg̱ɩ̂m)A Bethlehemite, the father of Elhanan (2 Sam. 21:19). He is said to have killed Goliath at Gob. In a doublet of the passage at 1 Chr. 20:5 Elhanan kills Lahmi, Goliath’s brother; here Elhanan’s father is Jair. Jaare-oregim is probably an error. According to 2 Sam.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Catholic Bible Dictionary
JAIR The name of four men in the Old Testament.1. The son of Manasseh (Num 32:41; Deut 3:14; 1 Kgs 4:13). He seized several villages in Gilead belonging to the Amorites, probably in the region of lower Bashan. The villages eventually received his name.2. One of the so-called minor judges (Judg 10:3–5),
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Ja´ir (enlightener).1. A man who on his father’s side was descended from Judah, and on his mother’s from Manasseh. (b.c. 1451.) During the conquest he took the whole of the tract of Argob, Deut. 3:14, and in addition possessed himself of some nomad villages in Gilead, which he called after his own name