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Ithamar
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The fourth son of Aaron, anointed and invested as priest along with his father and three brothers. Ithamar was Aaron’s fourth son by his wife Elisheba (daughter of Amminadab) and brother to Nadab, Abihu, and Eleazar. After the early deaths of the elder brothers (Lev 10:1–6), Eleazar and Ithamar served as priests under Aaron’s direction, and their descendants would become synonymous with the Aaronide priestly dynasty in the exilic and Persian eras. Traditions focus more on Ithamar’s brother Eleazar, through whom noted priests such as Phinehas, Zadok, and Ezra descended.For the purpose of examining Ithamar and his background, this entry follows the overwhelming majority of Torah/Pentateuch scholars in referring to the Priestly tradition identified in the Documentary Hypothesis (e.g., Noth, Leviticus, 85; Levine, Leviticus, 61; Gerstenberger, Leviticus, 117). Only the Priestly Pentateuch tradition and the Chronicler mention Ithamar, and they do so only briefly. His inclusion with Eleazar in later exilic genealogies may reflect a prominent priestly family in the Persian era that attributed its social function and authority to him. Since genealogies are more social and political than biological entities, an actual relationship to the figure of Ithamar is less important than the legitimation of the family’s priestly position (Dozeman, Exodus, 170).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Ithamar, Son of Aaron
Ithamar, Son of Aaron (אִיתָמָר‎, ithamar). The fourth son of Aaron, anointed and invested as priest along with his father and three brothers. Ithamar was Aaron’s fourth son by his wife Elisheba (daughter of Amminadab) and brother to Nadab, Abihu, and Eleazar. After the early deaths of the elder brothers
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Ithamar (Person)
ITHAMAR (PERSON) [Heb ʾı̂tāmār (אִיתָמָר)]. The fourth son of Aaron and Elisheba. Unlike his brothers Nadab, Abihu, and Eleazar, Ithamar has a name of uncertain derivation. The etymology most often given, “isle of palm trees” (e.g., BDB, 16), hardly commends itself for a personal name. A more promising
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Ithamar
Ithamar. Aaron’s fourth and youngest son, who served as a priest to the tribes of Israel during the wilderness period (Ex 6:23; Nm 3:2, 4; 26:60; 1 Chr 6:3; 24:2). After the death of two of his brothers, he was given the special duty of overseeing the moving of the tabernacle (Nm 4:28, 33; 7:8). During
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Ithamar
Ithamar ithʹə-mär [Heb. ʾîṯāmār—‘oasis of palms’ (?)]. The fourth son of Aaron (Ex. 6:23; 28:1; 1 Ch. 6:3), Eleazar being the third, Nadab and Abihu the first and second. While Nadab and Abihu were prematurely cut off for offering strange fire before the Lord (Lev. 10:1f.; Nu. 3:4; 26:61), and
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Ithamar
ITHAMAR Aaron’s fourth and youngest son, who served as a priest to the tribes of Israel during the wilderness period (Ex 6:23; Nm 3:2–4; 26:60; 1 Chr 6:3; 24:2). After the death of two of his brothers, he was given the special duty of overseeing the moving of the tabernacle (Nm 4:28, 33; 7:8). During
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Ithamar
Ithamar (ith´uh-mahr), the fourth and youngest son of Aaron and Elisheba (Exod. 6:23). The two elder sons of Aaron died when presumptuously offering incense before the Lord, and the priestly succession thus devolved upon Eleazar and Ithamar (Lev. 10:1–7). Kohathites who carried the ark were subservient
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Ithamar
ITHAMAR. Fourth and youngest son of Aaron (Ex 6:23). He was consecrated to the priesthood along with his brothers (Ex 28:1 ff.), and after the death of Nadab and Abihu he and Eleazar were appointed to take their places in the priestly office (Num 3:4; 1 Chr 24:2). Treasurer of the offerings of the tabernacle
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Ithamar
ITHAMAR (Heb. ’iṯāmār). The meaning of the name is uncertain, but may possibly be ‘land of palms’. The youngest of Aaron and Elisheba’s four sons (Ex. 6:23), Ithamar was ordained to the priesthood (Ex. 28:1) and directed the building of the tabernacle (Ex. 38:21). In the apostasy of Nadab and Abihu
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Ithamar
Ithamar (Heb. ʾɩ̂ṯāmār)The fourth son of Aaron (Exod. 6:23; 1 Chr. 6:3 [MT 5:29]). Ithamar was commissioned for priestly service along with his brothers (Exod. 28:1). When the two oldest brothers Nadad and Abihu sinned by offering incense with a sacrifice (Lev. 10:1–3), God took their lives, leaving
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Ithamar
Ithamar [ĭthˊə mär] (Heb. ˒îṯāmār “place of palms”). The youngest son of Aaron (Exod. 6:23; 1 Chr. 6:3 [MT 5:32]; 24:1).Together with his father and brothers, Ithamar was consecrated to serve as a priest (Exod. 28:1; 1 Chr. 24:2; cf. Lev. 8–9); he and Eleazar gained prominence when Nadab
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Ithamar
ITHAMAR The fourth son of Aaron and Elisheba (Exod 6:23; Num 26:60; 1 Chr 6:3, 24:1). Ithamar was recognized as the father of eight of the twenty-four priestly classes (1 Chr 24:4); the rest claimed descent from Eleazar. Neither Ithamar nor Eleazar took part in the worship of Nadab and Abihu, and Ithamar
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Ithamar
Ith´amar (land of palms), the youngest son of Aaron. Ex. 6:23. (b.c. 1491.) After the death of Nadab and Abihu, Lev. 10:1, Eleazar and Ithamar were appointed to succeed to their places in the priestly office. Ex. 28:1, 40, 43; Num. 3:3, 4; 1 Chron. 24:2. In the distribution of services belonging to the
See also
Relatives
Aaron Father
Eleazar Brother
Nadab Brother
Abihu Brother
Daniel Son
Moses Uncle
Phinehas Nephew
Miriam Aunt
Jochebed Grandmother
Amram Grandfather
Gershom Cousin
Eliezer Cousin
Ahimelech Relative
Roles