Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
(Akkadian ishtar, ishtaru[m]). An Akkadian term that can mean a “goddess” in a general sense; or be the name of “Ishtar,” the most noteworthy goddess of the Akkadian pantheon.
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
ISHTAR (DEITY). The principal goddess of ancient Mesopotamia (See Wilcke, RLA 5: 74–87). Comparative evidence suggests that the Akkadian (Assyro-Babylonian) deity was perhaps masculine (Heimpel 1982: 13–15), but when the Akkadians assimilated Sumerian culture, Ishtar was adjusted to correspond to the
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Ishtar (ish´tahr), a goddess in the Akkadian pantheon. Ishtar was widely worshiped in Mesopotamia from earliest times until at least the first century bce. She is related to other Semitic goddesses, including Astarte. In the Akkadian language, “Ishtar” came to mean “goddess” and could be used as a common
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Ishtar (Akk. Ištaru)The chief goddess of the Mesopotamian pantheon. In Sumerian she is identified as the goddess Inanna. Inanna/Ishtar possesses a multiplicity of characteristics, often viewed as irreconcilable—she is the goddess both of love and of war and attributed with aspects of fertility, sexuality,
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Ishtar [ĭshˊtär].*The Assyrian goddess of the Morning and Evening Star (the planet Venus) and of love and fertility; the equivalent of the Sumerian Inanna (Innin). The offspring of the moon-god Sin and consort of Anu, the god of heaven, Ishtar may originally have been a male deity (cf. OSA,
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
ishtarI. The major Mesopotamian goddess of love, war, and the planet Venus is known primarily by the Sumerian name Inanna and the Akkadian name Ishtar. Although the name Inanna is usually translated as ‘Lady of Heaven’ (nin.an.ak), the alternative translation ‘Lady of the date clusters’ (nin.ana.ak),
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
IshtarIshtar (ishʹtahr), a goddess in the Akkadian pantheon. Ishtar was widely worshiped in Mesopotamia from earliest times until at least the first century b.c. The etymology of her name is uncertain, although the relationship between the name ‘Ishtar’ and the names of other Semitic goddesses and
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
ISHTAR (Ĭshʹ tär) Mesopotamian goddess of fertility and war. In her role as goddess of fertility, Ishtar was associated with Tammuz, the god of vegetation. Ishtar was sometimes identified with the planet Venus and was designated “Mistress of Heaven” in the Amarna tablets. The goddess is perhaps the
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 3, H–L
Ishtar ish’tahr. The Sumero-Semitic goddess of love and fertility and, mainly in Assyria, goddess of war. In Sumer she was known as Inanna (or [I]nnini). Ishtar was worshiped widely throughout Babylonia and Assyria, where temples were dedicated to her in the main cities and chapels in many towns. In
All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture
Ishtar [ish-tar]: the Babylonian fertility goddess (originally a god), and goddess of love, one of the most important Mesopotamian deities; equivalent to the Canaanite Ashtoreth, the Semitic Ashera, and the Celtic Oestre; roughly equivalent to Aphrodite (Venus)