Ishmael (son of Abraham)
Son of Abraham by Sarah’s maidservant, Hagar.
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Ishmael, Ishmaelites. 1. Abraham’s first son, born of Hagar, Sarah’s Egyptian handmaid, at the instigation of Sarah herself. God promised to make a great nation of the childless Abraham (Gn 12:2), assuring him that his son would be his heir (15:4). But when Sarah was past 75 years old and still barren,
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
1. The son of Abraham by Hagar, Sarah’s Egyptian servant; thus Isaac’s older half brother (Gen. 25:12).The circumstances connected with his birth, once thought bizarre, have been clarified by Middle Bronze Age discoveries in Mesopotamia. In ancient Sumer and such Babylonian cultures as Mari and Nuzi,
Ishmael ishʹmā-əl [Heb. yišmāʿēʾl—‘may God hear,’ ‘God hears,’ ‘God will hear’; Gk. Ismaēl].
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
ISHMAEL1. Abraham’s first son, born of Hagar, Sarah’s Egyptian handmaid, at the instigation of Sarah herself. God promised to make a great nation of the childless Abraham (Gn 12:2), assuring him that his son would be his heir (15:4). But when Sarah was past 75 years old and still barren, she invoked
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
ISHMAEL. The name meant “may god hear” and is related to the experience wherein God heard the anguished prayer of Hagar in her flight from the household of Abraham (Gen 16:11).1. The firstborn son of Abraham by Hagar, the Egyptian maid of his wife Sarah. Abraham was 86 at the time and had lived in Canaan
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
ISHMAEL (Heb. yišmā‘ēl, ‘God hears’). 1. The son of Abraham by Hagar the Egyptian handmaid of Sarah. When Sarah realized that she was barren, she gave her handmaid to Abraham to conceive seed for her (Gn. 16:2). An example of this ancient custom has been discovered in the *Nuzi tablets (ANET, p. 220).
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Ishmael (Heb. yišmāʿēʾl)1. The offspring of Abraham and Hagar, the Egyptian maidservant of Sarah. In legal terms, Sarah had two first-born sons, though she herself only bore Isaac, the biological half-brother of Ishmael. Hagar was a surrogate mother whom Sarah was obliged by law to give to Abraham
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Catholic Bible Dictionary
ISHMAEL The son of Abraham and Hagar, Sarah’s slave (Gen 16; 17:18–26; 21:8–21; 25:9, 12–17; 28:9; 36:3; 1 Chr 1:28–31) and the ancestor of the Ishmaelites. Sarah, who was barren, had encouraged Abraham to father a son by Hagar. But when Hagar was with child, she began to taunt Sarah, and subsequently