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Iron
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Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Iron
Iron. Malleable, metallic element.See Minerals, Metals, and Precious Stones.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Iron
Iron[Heb barzel; Aram parzel (Dnl. 2:33ff.; 4:15 [MT 12], 23 [MT 20]; 5:4, 23; 7:7, 19); Akk. parzillu; Ugar. brḏl, Phoen brzl, Hitt barzillu; all loanwords deriving from Sum BAR.GAL; Gk. sídēros, adj. sidḗreos]. I. Beginning of IronworkingA. EgyptB. MesopotamiaC. AnatoliaD. Syria-Palestine
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Iron
iron, a metal whose hardness and malleability made it ideal for implements of war and agricultural tools.Biblical References: Biblical references to iron occur in all parts of the Hebrew Bible. Pentateuchal references include the attribution of iron working to Tubal-cain (Gen. 4:22), the traditional
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Iron
IRON1. See Minerals and Metals.2. A fortified city in the territory of Naphtali (Josh 19:38), called Yiron in RSV. It is probably the present village of Yarun, 10 miles NW of Hazor, Tiglath-pileser III captured Iron and took away 650 captives (ANET, p. 283).
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Iron
IronA malleable metal derived from common oxide ores such as hematite and limonite. It is the primary ingredient in wrought iron and steel. The working and use of iron is evidenced artifactually in the early 3rd millennium b.c. These early artifacts are typically high in nickel content and are apparently
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Iron
Iron (Heb. barzel; Aram. parzel; cf. Akk. parzillu; Ugar. brḏl; from Sum. bar-gal).† A malleable, strong metal whose name is associated with an important period of material culture, the Iron Age (in Palestine, ca. 1200–300 B.C.).During the Bronze Age in the ancient Near East (ca.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Iron
IRON A metal that came into widespread use in the late second millennium b.c. when the so-called Iron Age began, although rudimentary forms of iron technology were known long before this. The first mention of ironmaking in Scripture is the reference to Tubalcain, a descendant of Cain: “he was the forger
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Iron
Iron is mentioned with brass as the earliest of known metals. Gen. 4:22. The natural wealth in iron of the soil of Canaan is indicated by describing it as “a land whose stones are iron.” Deut. 8:9. (Recent explorations have shown that iron ore is abundant in the northern part of Palestine.—Ed.) The book
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Iron
IronTubal-Cain is the first-mentioned worker in iron (Gen. 4:22). The Egyptians wrought it at Sinai before the Exodus. David prepared it in great abundance for the temple (1 Chr. 22:3: 29:7). The merchants of Dan and Javan brought it to the market of Tyre (Ezek. 27:19). Various instruments are mentioned
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Iron
Ironiron, a metal whose hardness and malleability made it ideal for implements of war as well as of more peaceful pursuits.Biblical References: Biblical references to iron occur in all parts of the Hebrew Bible. The nt mentions iron once in Acts and five times in the Revelation to John.Pentateuchal
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