The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Interpreter[Heb mēlîṣ]. In Gen. 42:23 the term denotes one who translates languages for another; but it can also be used in the sense of a mediator (Job 33:23) or ambassador (Isa. 43:27).
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
INTERPRETER One who facilitates communication between people who speak different languages, or one who explains the meaning of dreams. Joseph pretended to need an interpreter to speak to his brothers (Gn 42:23). Also, dreams needed to be interpreted (Gn 40:8; 41:15–16; Dn 2; 4:6–9, 18–24; 5:7–8, 12–17;
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Interpret, Interpreter
INTERPRET, INTERPRETER. The noun “interpreter” (Gr. diermēneutēs, one who explains fully or interprets) is used in the NT only in (1 Cor 14:28. The verb of that root occurs in (1 Cor 12:30; 14:5, 13, 27). In chap. 14 Paul instructs that the speaking in tongues in a church assembly is to occur in an
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 3, H–L
interpreter. This English term, referring to a person who translates from one language to another or who otherwise explains the meaning of a message (as in a dream), may be used to render Hebrew mēlîṣ H4885 (Gen. 42:23; this word elsewhere means “mediator” or the like); note also the participle of
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
INTERPRETER [מֵלִיץmelits]. An interpreter is a translator of languages (Gen 42:23), an intermediary or advocate (Job 33:23; Isa 43:27), an official envoy or AMBASSADOR (2 Chr 32:31). Joseph and Daniel appear as interpreters of dreams (Gen 40–41; Dan 2, 4; of cryptic writing in Dan 5:25–28), whereas
Key passages
Ge 42:23

Now they did not know that Joseph understood, for the interpreter was between them.

Da 4:18–24

“ ‘This is the dream that I, Nebuchadnezzar the king, saw. Now you, Belteshazzar, declare its explanation, for all of the wise men of my kingdom were not able to make the explanation known to me, but you are able because the spirit of holy gods is in you.’ …

1 Co 14:28

But if there is no interpreter, he must be silent in the church, but let him speak to himself and to God.