The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Incense (קְטֺרֶת‎, qetoreth). An aromatic substance consisting of various gums, spices, and scented woods that produce a fragrant smoke when burned.
Incense, Critical Issues
Incense, Critical Issues Overviews the uses and trade of incense in the ancient Near East and scholarly debate about the use of incense in ancient Israelite worship.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
INCENSE. A Greek legend tells the story of the birth of the god Adonis, whose mother, Myrrha, fell in love with her own father, King Cinyras of Cyprus. Disguised, she succeeded in making love to him, but when he discovered that it was his own daughter he wanted to kill her. Myrrha fled, asking the gods
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Incense. Perfume or sacrifice which sends up fragrant smoke to God in order to please him.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Incense [Heb. qeṭōreṯ, qeṭôrâ (Dt. 33:10), qiṭṭēr (Jer. 44:21), muqṭār (Mal. 1:11)]; AV also PERFUME (Ex. 30:35), SACRIFICE (2 Ch. 2:6); NEB also SACRIFICE, FRAGRANT SACRIFICE, SMOKE OF SACRIFICE, REEK OF SACRIFICE, OFFERINGS, SMOKE OFFERINGS, etc. [leḇônâ] (1 Ch. 9:29; Jer. 41:5);
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
INCENSE Fragrant spices and oils or sacrifice that sends up perfumed smoke to God in order to please him.People of every age have loved fragrant odors. In ancient times, sacrifices included sweet smells to make the deity happy. The aroma was a crucial factor in whether the god would accept the offering.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
incense, a compound of aromatic gums and spices. It had a secular use as a costly adornment (Song of Sol. 3:6; 4:6, 14), but is especially associated with worship in both negative and positive ways. Incense was regularly offered in Canaanite religion (Jer. 7:9; 44:17) and is frequently condemned as intrinsic
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
INCENSE. A mixture of spices and gums used for burning in Israel’s worship; sometimes the sweet odor issuing from the burning. The recipe for the incense to be used in the temple is given in Ex 30:34–38. It includes stacte, onycha, galbanum, and frankincense (see Plants; Spice). The use of this formula
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
INCENSE. A common feature of OT ritual, incense was a costly offering and a sign essentially of the acknowledgment of deity (cf. Mal. 1:11). The word has a double application: it refers both to the substance used for burning and to the aromatic odour which is produced. Two Heb. words are thus rendered:
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
IncenseOdiferous plants of various origins and species growing in different parts of the ancient Middle East played important roles in the economic, political, and religious life of the region. Undoubtedly these plants were first used in the Neolithic period but came to have an increasingly greater
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Incense (Heb. qeṭōreṯ “smoke, odor of (burning) sacrifice, perfume”).† A compound of gums and spices which produces smoke and a strong perfume when burned. Incense burning was a common practice in ancient Near Eastern religions. Archaeologists have unearthed incense altars from numerous cultures
Catholic Bible Dictionary
INCENSE A mixture of gum and resin used for various aromatic purposes. Incense was common in the ancient world. In the Old Testament, it is connected intimately with worship. It was a specific ingredient mentioned in Exod 30:1–10, with rites attached to its burning on a gold-covered altar in the holy
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
incense. Incense is used in many religious rites, the smoke being considered symbolical of prayer. It was used in the worship of the Jewish *Temple, at least in later times, while Rev. 8:3–5 has been held to imply that it was used in sub-Apostolic Christian worship. There is, however, no clear evidence