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Incarnation
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The doctrine expressed in the Nicene Creed and the Definition of Chalcedon: that Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son of God, begotten before all the ages and of one substance with the Father, was made flesh through the Holy Spirit and the virgin Mary, making Him truly God and truly human, possessing two natures, which are not confused, changed, divided, or separated.Although the term “incarnation” does not appear in the Bible, Christian tradition has long held that Jesus is God incarnate: The Second Person of the Trinity descended from heaven and became human. The Gospels state that Jesus became flesh through the Holy Spirit and the virgin Mary (Matt 1:18–21; Luke 1:30–35). With Scripture as its foundation, the incarnation was formalized into a creed at the Council of Nicaea in ad 325 and further defined at the Council of Chalcedon in ad 451.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Incarnation
Incarnation The doctrine expressed in the Nicene Creed and the Definition of Chalcedon: that Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son of God, begotten before all the ages and of one substance with the Father, was made flesh through the Holy Spirit and the virgin Mary, making Him truly God and truly human,
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Incarnation
INCARNATION. “Incarnation” means literally “en-fleshment” or, slightly more fully, “embodiment in flesh.” The question of where the concept of incarnation is to be found in the biblical texts is to a large extent dependent on whether that definition is interpreted in a broader or a narrower sense.A.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Incarnation
Incarnation. Literally, “in flesh”; theologically, the doctrine that in Jesus of Nazareth God took on human flesh and became the divine God-man. Historically, the doctrine of incarnation was central in the christological debates of patristic times and has recently come to the fore again in academic circles.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Incarnation
INCARNATION* Literally, “in flesh”; theologically, the doctrine that in Jesus of Nazareth God took on human flesh and became the God-man. Historically, the doctrine of incarnation was central in the christological debates of patristic times and has recently come to the fore again in academic circles.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Incarnation
incarnation (in´kahr-nay´shuhn; Lat. incarnatio), a term meaning “to enter into or become flesh.” It refers to the Christian doctrine that the preexistent Son of God became human in Jesus. The term does not appear in the nt, but elements of the doctrine are present in different stages of development.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Incarnation
INCARNATION. A term derived from the Latin version of (Jn 1:14). Incarnation refers exclusively to that action by which the Son of God, often spoken as the Second Person of the Godhead, became man. It presupposes the essential deity and eternal sonship of the Person who became incarnate. The doctrine
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Incarnation
IncarnationThe Christian belief that God has disclosed the divine self in human reality in the person and work of Jesus of Nazareth (Lat. incarnatio, lit., “take on flesh”).The Johannine emphasis on “the word became flesh” (John 1:14) and that of the Synoptic writers on the birth of a child to Mary
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Incarnation
Incarnation (Lat. incarnatio “taking on flesh”). A theological term referring to the embodiment of God in Jesus of Nazareth.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Incarnation
INCARNATION The assumption of human nature by the second Person of the Blessed Trinity: “And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us” (John 1:14). According to Church teaching, God Incarnate had two natures—divine and human—united in one person. He had a true human body, a true human soul, and a
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Incarnation
Incarnation. The Christian doctrine of the Incarnation affirms that the eternal Son of God took flesh from His human mother and that the historical Christ is at once both fully God and fully man. It is opposed to all theories of a mere theophany or transitory appearance of God in human form, frequently
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Incarnation
INCARNATION (Lat. in and caro, “flesh”). The act of assuming flesh; in theology, the gracious voluntary act of the Son of God in assuming a human body and human nature.
Key passages
Mt 1:20–23

But as he was considering these things, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife, for what has been conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. And she will give birth to a son, and you will call his name …

Jn 1:1–18

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. This one was in the beginning with God. All things came into being through him, and apart from him not one thing came into being that has come into being. In him was life, and the life …

Php 2:6–11

who, existing in the form of God, did not consider being equal with God something to be grasped, but emptied himself by taking the form of a slave, by becoming in the likeness of people. And being found in appearance like a man, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to the point …

See also
Topics & Themes