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Idol
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A West Semitic word meaning “god.” In the Old Testament, it is frequently used to refer to the God of Israel (e.g., Gen 31:29; 33:20; Num 12:13) or to other gods (Exod 15:11; 34:14; Deut 32:21; Psa 44:20). In ancient texts from Ugarit, it was the name for the Canaanite creator god, father of gods and humans, and head of the Canaanite pantheon.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
El, Deity
El, Deity (אֵל‎, el). A West Semitic word meaning “god.” In the Old Testament, it is frequently used to refer to the God of Israel (e.g., Gen 31:29; 33:20; Num 12:13) or to other gods (Exod 15:11; 34:14; Deut 32:21; Psa 44:20). In ancient texts from Ugarit, it was the name for the Canaanite creator god,
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Idol, Idolatry
IDOL, IDOLATRY. An idol is a physical representation of a deity, usually used as an object of worship, though idols and images were used in a variety of ways throughout the ANE.A. Images in the ANEB. Images in IsraelC. Images in the NTA. Images in the ANEA major focus of worship in Mesopotamia from
Graven Image
GRAVEN IMAGE. “Graven image” normally translates the Hebrew pesel or pāsı̂l. Etymologically, both words are related to the verb pāsal, “to hew or carve” (e.g., Exod 34:1; 1 Kgs 5:21 [—Eng 5:18]), and in some instances (e.g., Deut 27:15) pesel seems to refer to a carved image in contrast to one made
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Idolatry
Idols, Idolatry. Man-made images or representations worshiped as deities; any natural or manufactured objects worshiped as deity; anything receiving worship other than the one true God. Idolatry is the spiritual worship of an idol. Many idolaters literally serve idols: in ancient Egypt statues of gods
El
El. Ancient Semitic name for deity, perhaps meaning “power” (cf. Gn 17:1); used by the Hebrews generally in a poetic sense to denote the true God of Israel. The same word was used for the senior Canaanite god and the god in Ugaritic mythology. The “Il” or “El” of ancient Canaanite mythology (before 3500
Graven Image
Graven Image. Image or representation of a deity made of wood, stone, or metal.See Idols, Idolatry.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Idol
Idol[Heb semel (2 Ch. 33:7, 15), pesel (Isa. 40:19; 44:17; Jer. 10:14; etc.), ʾāwen (Isa. 66:3), ʿāṣāḇ (1 Ch. 10:9; 2 Ch. 24:18; Hos. 10:6; Ps. 106:36; 115:4; Isa. 10:11; etc.), ʾĕlîl (Lev. 19:4; 26:1; 1 Ch. 16:26; Ps. 96:5; 97:7; Isa. 2:8; etc.), gillûlîm (Lev. 26:30; 1 K. 15:12; Ezk. 6:4–6,
Detestable Things
Detestable Things [Heb. šiqquṣ] (Dt. 29:17; Ezk. 5:11; 7:20; 11:18, 21; 20:7f, 30; 37:23; cf. Jer. 16:18; Hos. 9:10); AV also ABOMINATIONS; NEB LOATHSOME IDOLS, GODS, THINGS, WAYS, “vile … rites,” IMAGES, PRACTICES, “thing of shame” (Hos. 9:10). Objects of worship or veneration associated with pagan
Figured Stone
Figured Stone [Heb. ʾeḇen maśkîṯ; Gk. líthos skopós]; AV IMAGE OF STONE (Lev. 26:1), PICTURES (Nu. 33:52); NEB also CARVED FIGURE (Nu. 33:52), An object used in pagan religious worship. It probably comprised a slab of stone decorated with some carved or painted idolatrous representation such as
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Idols, Idolatry
IDOLS, IDOLATRY Man-made images or natural representations worshiped as deities; anything receiving worship other than the one true God. Idolatry is the spiritual worship of an idol. Many idolaters literally serve idols: in ancient Egypt statues of gods were regularly and ritually clothed and fed. Some
El
EL* Ancient Semitic name for deity, perhaps meaning “power” (cf. Gn 17:1); used by the Hebrews generally in a poetic sense to denote the true God of Israel. The same word was used for the senior Canaanite god and the god in Ugaritic mythology. The “Il” or “El” of ancient Canaanite mythology (before 3500
Graven Image
GRAVEN IMAGE* Image or representation of a deity made of wood, stone, or metal. See Idols, Idolatry.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Idol
idol, an image or statue of a deity fashioned to be an object of worship. The English word, which has a pejorative meaning, reflects several different Hebrew words. Some of these are neutral terms, e.g., pasil or pesel, “(carved) image,” and massekah, “(cast) image.” For these the pejorative “idol” is
El
El, a generic word for “god” in the ancient Semitic languages. The word could be used as either a proper or common noun. As a proper noun, El normally refers to a specific Canaanite god, regarded as the ruler among the gods, but the Bible also speaks of El as “the God of Israel” (Gen. 33:20). In this
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
El
EL. The generic name for Deity shared by Hebrews (’el) and Canaanites, appearing in the cognate form ilu in Akkadian. allah in Arabic. It is seldom found in the OT except in poetical passages. When it does occur in prose narratives, it is usually in titles, such as El Roi (Gen 16:13, ASV marg.), El Shaddai
Graven Image
The Egyptian god Osiris cast in bronze. LMGRAVEN IMAGE. An image (Heb. pesel) carved or sculpted from stone, wood, or metal, mentioned in the OT along with the molten image cast in a mold (e.g., Deut 27:15; Jdg 17:3–4; 2 Chr 34:3). Since the Canaanites used these as idols—as archaeological discoveries
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Image
IMAGE. The term denotes a material representation, usually of a deity. Unlike the term ‘idol’, which has a pejorative overtone, ‘image’ is objectively descriptive. Throughout the ancient Near East numerous images of various deities were to be found in temples and other holy places, such as open-air shrines;
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Idol, Idolatry
Idol, IdolatrySome sort of physical representation of a deity. “Idol” is used to translate a number of words in the OT, most commonly Heb. ʾĕlɩ̂lɩ̂m, gillûlɩ̂m, ʿăṣabbɩ̂m (and its one-time variant ʿōṣeḇ), pesel and the related pĕsɩ̂lɩ̂m. It also can be used to translate Heb. semel (otherwise
El
El (Heb. ʾēl)In many West Semitic languages the name of El is the same as the word for “god,” perhaps evidence that El was the pre-eminent god of older West Semitic pantheons (or possibly divinity incarnate). Although the etymology is uncertain, the word may derive from *ʾwl, “to be in front” or “to
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
El
El [ĕl] (Heb. ˒ēl; Akk. ilu; Ugar. ˒il).† The common Semitic designation for a god or deity, used both as a generic term and as a proper name, particularly for the supreme high god. In Biblical Hebrew (translated “God” in most English versions) it is one of the most frequent names for the God
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Azabbim
AZABBIM עצבים ‘Idols’I. The plural noun ʿăṣabbîm, ‘idols’, is derived from the verb ʿāṣab I, ‘form, fashion, shape’, which is attested in Job 10:8: “Your hands fashioned and made me” (see also Jer 44:19). The verb should not be confused with ʿāṣab II ‘to be sad, sorrowful’. The singular of the
El
EL אלI. The name El, ʾēl, il(u), is, with the exception of Ethiopic, common Semitic and originally means →God. Etymologically the origin of the appellative cannot be determined with certainty. Most likely, the noun can be derived from the verb ʾwl (the root ʾlh has also been suggested) ‘to be strong’
Image
IMAGE צלםI. The Babylonian word ṣalmu is used as the equivalent of Sum alam, dùl and nu. It refers both to statues and other symbols of gods and humans. Though occasionally preceded by the divine determinative (dingir), the image (ṣalmu) was not viewed as a god itself. A cult of a deity ‘Image’ (*Ṣulmu),
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
images
images. The use of any representations of men, animals, and plants, whether carved or painted, was prohibited in the Mosaic Law (Exod. 20:4), because of the danger of idolatry. In other parts of the OT, however, images are mentioned, such as the *brazen serpent made by *Moses himself (Num. 21:9), the