Iconoclast • Iconoclastic
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Iconoclastic Controversy
Iconoclastic Controversy (from εἰκονοκλάστης, ‘iconoclast’, ‘image-breaker’). The controversy on the veneration of *icons (q.v.) agitated the Greek Church from c. 725 to 842. The origins of Byzantine Iconoclasm are very obscure, though the rise of *Islam and the fragile state of the Imperial office
The Dictionary of Historical Theology
Iconoclast Controversy
Iconoclast ControversyAlthough iconoclasm as an imperial policy in Byzantium did not begin until the eighth century, the debate about images had already begun in the seventh century. We can see this from the surviving Adversus Judaeos literature of the period, in which the veneration of images is discussed.
A Catholic Dictionary
iconoclasts (“Breakers of images”). A name given to the powerful party which set itself against the religious use of images, and disturbed the peace of the Church during the eighth and the former half of the ninth century.1. First Stage of the Controversy (726–775).—Leo III., known in history as “the
Ecclesiastical Dictionary: Containing, in Concise Form, Information upon Ecclesiastical, Biblical, Archæological, and Historical Subjects
Iconoclasm (The act of breaking or destroying images).—The Emperor Leo III., the Isaurian (718–741), desirous either to further the conversion of the Jews and Mohammedans or to interfere with the laws of the Church, forbade the veneration of images. In 726 he published an edict enacting the immediate
Global Dictionary of Theology: A Resource for the Worldwide Church
IMAGES, ICONS, ICONOCLASMImages have played an important role in the Christian church from its beginning. Despite the fact the first commandment appears to forbid believers in God to make images, both Jews and Christians have used images of various kinds to encourage faith and devotion—believing the
The Thiselton Companion to Christian Theology
Iconoclasm, IconsIcons (from Gk. eikōn, “image”) are flat pictures, usually created by special paint or crafted in mosaic, which are venerated especially by the Russian and Greek Orthodox Churches. Icons often commemorate a biblical character or event. “Iconoclastic” (from Gk. eikonoklastēs, “image-breaker”)
Pocket Dictionary of the Reformed Tradition
iconoclasm. In a concrete sense, the denunciation and even destruction of religious art. In 1521, Andreas Bodenstein von *Karlstadt was one of the first Reformers to denounce religious imagery as a symbolic mediation of spiritual reality, although *Luther tempered Karlstadt’s iconoclastic enthusiasm
Dictionary of Theological Terms
IconoclasmGreek eikon, “image,” and klao, “to break”; the destruction of images.During the period 726–843 the Byzantine* church experienced an ongoing controversy on the subject of the veneration of icons. In 726 Emperor Leo III ordered the destruction of all pictures in churches, but by 787 that policy
Dictionary of Luther and the Lutheran Traditions
IconoclasmThe rejection or destruction of religious images for spiritual or political reasons is called iconoclasm (image breaking). Iconoclasm is not limited to protests within Protestant circles, but is a form of revolutionary activity or “cleansing” discernable in the history, expansion, and preservation
The Eerdmans Encyclopedia of Early Christian Art and Archaeology, Volumes 1–3
IconoclasmAn intentional act of destruction of religious property, especially buildings and religious images. It received its name from a political and religious movement of destruction of icons in the Byzantine Empire during the 8th and 9th c. Censure in words, disapproval, and criticism may accompany
CirencesterCorinium Dobunnorum, approx. 165 km west of London in Gloucestershire, capital of the canton of the Dobunni and almost certainly capital of the 4th-c. province of Britannia Prima (→ England; see map 3, G6). The familiar five-word palindrome ROTAS-OPERA-TENET-AREPO-SATOR (→ Word Magic)—discovered
New Dictionary of Theology: Historical and Systematic
Iconoclastic Controversies
ICONOCLASTIC CONTROVERSIESA series of debates about the place of *images (Gk eikones, icons) in worship which took place in Byzantium between 726 and 843. The first controversy began when the emperor, Leo III (717–41), issued a decree ordering the destruction of pictures in churches (726). His motives