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Ibzan
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The tenth judge of Israel who led Israel for seven years after Jephthah (Judg 12:8–10). Ibzan is considered one of the six “minor judges” mentioned in the book of Judges. The classification of “minor judge” is only indicative of the brevity of their appearance in the biblical narrative. Ibzan is the first of three minor judges mentioned briefly in Judg 12:8–15. He is identified as “Ibzan from Bethlehem” (Judg 12:8) and is buried at Bethlehem when he dies (Judg 12:10). However, the text does not provide any clues as to whether Bethlehem of Judah or Bethlehem of Zebulun was meant. The judges Elon and Abdon mentioned after Ibzan in Judg 12:11–15 are from the territories of Zebulun and Ephraim respectively. The northern setting for Elon and Abdon supports the possibility that Ibzan was from Bethlehem of Zebulun, a town near the border of the territories of Zebulun and Asher. Ibzan is also presented as the successor of Jephthah who was from Gilead, a region of the Transjordan east and northeast of the territory of Ephraim. However, it is still possible that Ibzan was from Bethlehem of Judah. For more information, see these articles: Judge, Role in Israel; Judges, Book of; Bethlehem of Judah; Bethlehem of Zebulun.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Ibzan the Judge
Ibzan the Judge (אִבְצָן‎, ivtsan). The tenth judge of Israel who led Israel for seven years after Jephthah (Judg 12:8–10). Ibzan is considered one of the six “minor judges” mentioned in the book of Judges. The classification of “minor judge” is only indicative of the brevity of their appearance in the
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Ibzan (Person)
IBZAN (PERSON) [Heb ʾibṣan (אִבְצַן)]. One of the leaders who “judged Israel” in the premonarchic period and is mentioned only in Judg 12:8–10, immediately following the stories of Jephthah. The brief notice indicates that Ibzan, whose name means “swift” (if related to Ar ʿabuṣun), had 30 sons for
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Ibzan
Ibzan. Judge who ruled over Israel or part of it for 7 years (Jgs 12:8–10). Ibzan was a native of Bethlehem, probably of Zebulun, and was buried in his place of birth. Jewish tradition identified Ibzan with Boaz and consequently understood his native city to be Bethlehem in Judah. Ibzan had 30 sons and
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Ibzan
Ibzan ibʹzan [Heb. ʾiḇṣān]. The tenth judge of Israel. His city is given as Bethlehem (whether of Judah or Zebulun is not stated). He judged Israel seven years, and when he died he was buried in his native land. The only personal details given about him in the biblical narrative are that he had thirty
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Ibzan
IBZAN Judge who ruled over Israel, or part of it, for seven years (Jgs 12:8–10). Ibzan was a native of Bethlehem, probably of Zebulun, and was buried in his place of birth. Jewish tradition identified Ibzan with Boaz and consequently understood his native city to be Bethlehem in Judah. Ibzan had 30 sons
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Ibzan
IBZAN. A judge of Israel for seven years following the death of Jephthah. He was a native of Bethlehem, whether of Judah or Zebulun is not certain. He had 30 sons and 30 daughters, all of whom took marriage partners outside his clan (Jdg 12:8–10).
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Ibzan
IBZAN (Heb. ’iḇṣān). Known only from Jdg. 12:8–10; a national judge for 7 years, following Jephthah; apparently a person of consequence, who raised a large family and arranged marriages for thirty sons. His home and burial-place was Bethlehem, probably of Zebulun (Jos. 19:15), 11 km WNW of Nazareth;
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Ibzan
Ibzan (Heb. ʾiḇṣān)A minor judge who governed Israel for seven years after the time of Jephthah (Judg. 12:8–10). His home was Bethlehem in Zebulun, NE of Nazareth on its border with Asher (cf. Josh. 19:15). No more is known of Ibzan other than that he had 30 sons and 30 daughters, all of whom married
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Ibzan
Ibzan [ĭbˊzăn] (Heb. ˒iḇṣān “swift”). A minor judge who governed Israel for seven years after the time of Jephthah (Judg. 12:8–9). His home was Bethlehem in Zebulun, northeast of Nazareth on its border with Asher (cf. Josh. 19:15). No more is known of Ibzan other than that he had thirty sons
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Ibzan
IBZAN (Hebrew, “swift”) One of the minor judges (Judg 12:8–10). A native of Bethlehem, he fathered thirty sons and thirty daughters, for all of whom he arranged marriages outside his clan.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Ibzan
Ib´zan (illustrious), a native of Bethlehem of Zebulun, who judged Israel for seven years after Jephthah. Judges 12:8, 10. (b.c. 1137.)
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Ibzan
IB´ZAN (ibʹzan). The tenth judge of Israel (Judg. 12:8–10). He was of Bethlehem, probably the Bethlehem of Zebulun (so Michaelis and Hezel) and not of Judah (as Josephus says). He governed seven years, probably after 1080 b.c. The prosperity of Ibzan is marked by the great number of his children (thirty
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