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Ibex
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Also translated “wild goat” or “mountain goat.” The Israelites were permitted to eat this animal (Deut 14:5). Though English translations sometimes obscure it (e.g., NIV, “graceful deer”), this term also appears in Proverbs as a metaphor for the youthful and attractive wife (Prov 5:19).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Ibex
Ibex Also translated “wild goat” or “mountain goat.” The Israelites were permitted to eat this animal (Deut 14:5). Though English translations sometimes obscure it (e.g., NIV, “graceful deer”), this term also appears in Proverbs as a metaphor for the youthful and attractive wife (Prov 5:19).
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Ibex
Ibex. Species of wild goat, declared clean in the Law (Dt 14:5).See Animals (Goat).
Pygarg
Pygarg. kjv translation for antelope in Deuteronomy 14:5.See Animals (Antelope).
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Ibex
Ibex īʹbeks [Heb. dîšōn] (Dt. 14:5); AV PYGARG; NEB WHITE-RUMPED DEER. A kind of antelope or mountain goat (BDB, p. 190). Heb. dîšōn is derived from dûš, “to tread, thresh” (cf. Hos. 10:11; cf. also Assyr. daššu, “mountain goat”). The ibex must be similar to the other “clean” animals with
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Ibex
IBEX Species of wild goat, declared ceremonially clean in the Law (Dt 14:5). See Animals (Goat).
Pygarg
PYGARG* kjv translation for antelope in Deuteronomy 14:5. See Animals (Antelope).
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Pygarg
Pygarg occurs, Deut. 14:5, in the list of clean animals as the rendering of the Heb. dı̂shôn, the name apparently of one species of antelope, though it is by no means easy to identify it.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Pygarg
PygargHeb. dishon, “springing”, (Deut. 14:5), one of the animals permitted for food. It is supposed to be the Antelope addax. It is described as “a large animal, over 3 1/2 feet high at the shoulder, and, with its gently-twisted horns, 2 1/2 feet long. Its colour is pure white, with the exception of
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Pygarg
Pygargpygarg (pīʹgahrg), an obsolete term for a white-rumped ungulate; the kjv uses this term where the rsv has ‘ibex’ in Deut. 14:5.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
PYGARG
PYGARG<pi’-garg> ([דִּישׁן, dishon]; Septuagint [πύγαργος, pugargos]; compare proper nouns, “Dishon” and “Dishan” (Genesis 36:21–30; 1 Chronicles 1:38–42); according to BDB, Hommel, Saugethiere, derives [דישׁן] from [דּוּשׁ, dush], Arabic das, “to tread,” and compare Assyrian dashshu, “mountain-goat”):
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Pygarg
Pyʹgarg. The rendering of a Hebrew term which is supposed to designate some species of antelope (Deut. 14:5).
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Ibex
IBEX Species of wild goat with large curved horns, native to high mountain areas. The ibex has been identified as the wild goat of the Bible (1 Sam. 24:2; Ps. 104:18). The Nubian ibex is found today in the area of En-gedi, an oasis near the Dead Sea. The ibex is included among clean game (Deut. 14:5).
Pygarg
PYGARG KJV term for a white-rumped antelope (Deut. 14:5). Most modern translations identify the underlying Hebrew term with the ibex. The REB has “white-rumped deer.” See Antelope; Deer; Ibex.
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 3, H–L
Ibex
ibex. A mountain goat of the genus Capra (esp. C. ibex nubiana), distinguished by its long and backward-curving horns. The English term is used in modern Bible versions to render Hebrew dîšôn H1913, which occurs only once (Deut. 14:5; KJV, “pygarg,” following lxx pygargos, “white-rump [antelope]”);
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 4, M–P
Pygarg
pygarg pi’gahrg. This term (derived from lxx pygargos, “white-rump [deer],” via the Vulg.) is used by the KJV to render Hebrew dîšôn H1913, which occurs only once and probably refers to the ibex (Deut. 14:5).