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Hymenaeus
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A heretical teacher in Ephesus and an opponent of the apostle Paul. Paul mentions him twice, once with Alexander (1 Tim 1:20) and once with Philetus (2 Tim 2:17).In 1 Timothy, Hymenaeus is included in the group who had rejected “faith and a good conscience (1Tim 1:19). Hymenaeus and his companions taught that “the resurrection has already happened” (2 Tim 2:18). It seems that they claimed one of two things: 1) that the bodily resurrection of believers has already taken place; or 2) that “resurrection” just means a rising from sin and that there will be no bodily resurrection from death. In 2 Timothy, Hymenaeus and Philetus are included among persons whose “pointless chatter … will progress to greater ungodliness,” and whose talk “will spread like gangrene” (2 Tim 2:17).Paul’s response in 1 Timothy is to deliver Hymenaeus and Alexander to Satan so that they would learn not to blaspheme (1 Tim 1:20; compare 1 Cor 5:2, 5, 13).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Hymenaeus
Hymenaeus (Ὑμέναιος, Hymenaios). A heretical teacher in Ephesus and an opponent of the apostle Paul. Paul mentions him twice, once with Alexander (1 Tim 1:20) and once with Philetus (2 Tim 2:17).In 1 Timothy, Hymenaeus is included in the group who had rejected “faith and a good conscience (1Tim 1:19).
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Hymenaeus (Person)
HYMENAEUS (PERSON) [Gk Hymenaios (Ὑμεναιος)]. Hymenaeus was a heretical Christian, apparently living in Ephesus (cf. 1 Tim 1:3), mentioned in connection with Alexander in 1 Tim 1:20 and with Philetus in 2 Tim 2:17. That the references are to the same Hymenaeus is generally agreed since in each instance
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Hymenaeus
Hymenaeus. Believer, probably of Ephesus, cited by Paul as one who “rejected conscience” (1 Tm 1:19, 20) and “swerved from the truth” (2 Tm 2:17). In the first instance, Hymenaeus (mentioned with Alexander) is viewed as having rejected correct beliefs and made a shipwreck of his faith. The seriousness
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Hymenaeus
Hymenaeus hī-menʹē-əs [Gk. Hymenaios, from Hymen, the god of marriage in classical mythology] (1 Tim. 1:20; 2 Tim. 2:17). A heretical teacher at Ephesus and opponent of the apostle Paul, associated in the former reference with Alexander, and in the latter with Philetus.In 1 Tim. 1:19f Hymenaeus is
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Hymenaeus
HYMENAEUS Believer, probably of Ephesus, cited by Paul as one who “rejected conscience” (1 Tm 1:19–20) and “swerved from the truth” (2 Tm 2:18). In the first instance, Hymenaeus (mentioned with Alexander) is viewed as having rejected correct beliefs and made a shipwreck of his faith. The seriousness
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Hymenaeus
Hymenaeus (hi´muh-nee´uhs), a person named in two of the Pastoral Letters as an opponent of Paul. In 1 Tim. 1:18–20, he is associated with somebody named Alexander (cf. 2 Tim. 4:14) and is cited as an example of someone who has “rejected conscience” and, so, suffered “shipwreck in the faith.” The letter
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Hymenaeus
HYMENAEUS. A teacher in Ephesus (?), mentioned in 1 Tim 1:20 and 2 Tim 2:17, condemmed by Paul for false teaching. He appears to have rejected the apostolic teaching and the dictates of conscience. For this Paul delivered him over to Satan (cf. 1 Cor 5:5) to teach him the error of blaspheming. Whether
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Hymenaeus
HYMENAEUS. A pernicious teacher associated with *Alexander (1 Tim. 1:19–20) and *Philetus (2 Tim. 2:17). Paul’s delivery of Hymenaeus and Alexander to Satan recalls 1 Cor. 5:5; both passages have been interpreted of excommunication (i.e. surrender to Satan’s sphere) and of the infliction of bodily punishment.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Hymenaeus
Hymenaeus (Gk. Hyménaios)An opponent of Paul, named after the Greek god of marriage. Hymenaeus is mentioned with the false teachers Alexander (1 Tim. 1:19–20) and Philetus (2 Tim. 2:17–18). He is said to have abandoned the faith by teaching that the final resurrection had already taken place. Paul
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Hymenaeus
Hymenaeus [hīˊmə nēˊəs] (Gk. Hymenaios). An opponent of Paul, named after the Greek god of marriage. Hymemeus is mentioned with the false teachers Alexander (7) (1 Tim. 1:19–20) and Philetus (2 Tim. 2:17–18). He is said to have abandoned the faith by teaching that the final resurrection had already
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Hymenaeus
HYMENAEUS (Greek Hymenaios) A Christian who was among those who lost faith and were excommunicated (“delivered to Satan so that they may learn not to blaspheme,” 1 Tim 1:20). He lived apparently in Ephesus (1 Tim 1:3) and was associated in his loss of faith with Alexander (1 Tim 1:20) and Philetus (2
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Hymenæus
Hymenæ´us (belonging to marriage), the name of a person occurring twice in the correspondence between St. Paul and Timothy; the first time classed with Alexander, 1 Tim. 1:20, and the second time classed with Philetus. 2 Tim. 2:17, 18. (a.d. 65–7.) He denied the true doctrine of the resurrection.