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Hyksos
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Hyksos
Hyksos (Heqa Khaswt). A ruling class of Asiatics in Egypt who ruled over the eastern Nile Delta region during the Second Intermediate Period, specifically the 15th Dynasty.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Hyksos
HYKSOS. The Greek form of an Egyptian word (Eg ḥk[w]ḫs[w]t) meaning “ruler(s) of foreign land(s),” i.e., of alien origin (Redford 1970), used to refer to nonnatives who ruled over portions of Lower Egypt as the 15th Dynasty in the first half of the 2d millennium b.c. (the “Second Intermediate Period”).
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Hyksos
Hyksos. Term used by Egyptian historian Manetho (c. 280 bc) to designate the foreign rulers of the 15th and 16th dynasties in Egypt (1730?–1570? bc). Once called the shepherd kings, that expression is now thought to have come from a misrendering of an Egyptian text.The Hyksos were Semites, probably
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Hyksos
Hyksos hikʹsos. A people associated with OT history, although not mentioned by name in the Bible. The Egyptian priest Manetho, cited by the Jewish historian Josephus (CAp i.14 [75–82]), speaks of them as “Shepherd Kings” but the term “Hyksos” is derived from the Egyp. ḥq3w ḫ3swt, “rulers of foreign
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Hyksos
HYKSOS* Term used by Egyptian historian Manetho (c. 280 bc) to designate the foreign rulers of the 15th and 16th dynasties in Egypt (1730?–1570? bc). Once called the shepherd kings, that expression is now thought to have come from a misrendering of an Egyptian text.The Hyksos were Semites, probably
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Hyksos
Hyksos (hik´sohs), the Greek name given by the third-century bce Egyptian priest Manetho to the Asiatic princes who ruled in Egypt as the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Dynasties (ca. 1667–1559 bce). The contemporary Egyptians called them Heqau khasut, “rulers of foreign hill countries.” The Hyksos were largely
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Hyksos
HYKSOS. The Hyksos were non-Egyptian rulers of Egypt who formed the 15th and 16th Dynasties in the Egyptian historical outline by the 3rd cen. b.c. priest-historian Manetho. He referred to them as “shepherd kings” and ascribed to them a rule of 511 years. The name “Hyksos” is derived from the Egyptian
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Hyksos
Hyksos (Gk. Hykûs)A Greek term, from Egyp. ḥqʒw ḫʒswt, “rulers of foreign countries,” used by the Egyptian historian Manetho (3rd century b.c.) to describe the people(s) who dominated Egypt during the 15th–16th dynasties of the Second Intermediate Period (high chronology, 1674–1550; low chronology,
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Hyksos
Hyksos [hĭkˊsōs] (Egyp. ḥqƷw ḫƷswt).* Foreign rulers of the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Dynasties of Egypt (ca. 1700–1500 B.C.). Interpreted as “shepherd kings” by the Egyptian priest Manetho (ca. 280; Josephus Ap. i.14 [75–82]), the Egyptian term means more precisely “rulers of foreign lands.”
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Hyksos
HYKSOS This is the Greek form of the Egyptian name hku hsht, which means ‘rulers of foreign countries’. Manetho, the Egyptian priest and historian, used this name for the Asiatic princes who invaded Egypt and founded the 15th Dynasty. According to modern research the Hyksos ruled over Egypt, Syria and
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Hyksos
HYKSOS An Asiatic people who invaded Egypt toward the end of the eighteenth century b.c., during Egypt’s Second Intermediate Period (between the Middle Kingdom and the New Kingdom), and ruled Egypt for more than a century (ca. 1640–1532 b.c.) before the Egyptians drove them out. Although they were expelled
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Hyksos
HYK´SOS (hikʹsōs; Egyptian for “rulers of foreign lands”). A mixed race, predominantly NW Semitic, which gradually infiltrated Egypt and finally took control (c. 1720–1550 b.c.). They reigned during Dynasties XV and XVI. Their capital was at Zoan-Tanis in the Delta. Archaeological excavations have uncovered