The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Hyena[Heb ʾîyîm; Gk. hýaina; cf. Arab ḍabuʿ] (Isa. 13:22; 34:14; Sir. 13:18); AV “wild beasts of the islands”; NEB JACKALS.The Palestinian hyena is the striped hyena (Hyaena striata) which ranges from India to North Africa. The striped, the spotted, and the brown hyenas constitute a distinct family
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Hyena (Heb. ˒îyîm).† A carnivorous, nocturnal animal of the genus Hyaena; a carrion-eater noted for its cowardliness. The Palestinian hyena is the striped hyena (Hyaena striata), found from North Africa to India. In the Bible the hyena is associated with desolation and abandoned human habitations
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Hyæna. Authorities differ as to whether the term tzâbû˒a in Jer. 12:9 means a “hyæna” or a “speckled bird.” The only other instance in which it occurs is as a proper name, Zeboim, 1 Sam. 13:18, “the valley of Hyænas,” Aquila; Neh. 11:34. The striped hyæna (Hyæna striata) is found in Africa, Asia Minor,
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
HYENA<hi-e’-na> ([צָבוּעַ‎, tsabhuà] (Jer 12:9); Septuagint [ὑαίνη, huaine] (Jer 12:9; Ecclesiasticus 13:18); compare Arabic dab` or dabu`, “hyaena”; compare [צְבֹעִים‎, tsebhòim, Zeboim (1 Sam 13:18; Neh 11:34); also compare [צִבְעוֹן‎, tsibh̀on], Zibeon (Gen 36:2, 14, 20; 1 Ch
Compton’s Encyclopedia
hyenaAfrican spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta).Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.Widely mistaken as a pure scavenger, the hyena is actually a brave nocturnal hunter in its own right. The animals’ famous laughing sounds are uttered as they seize prey and fight among themselves for food. The cry often draws
Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
Hye′nas were worshipped by the ancient Egyptians. Pliny says that a certain stone, called the “hyænia,” found in the eye of the creature, being placed under the tongue, imparts the gift of prophecy (xxxvii. 60).
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
HYENA Any of a group of stocky built, carnivorous mammals of the genus Hyaena, located zoologically between the felines and canines. It is a striped scavenger looking much like a fox.Hyenas feed on carrion and are known for their cowardice, cruelty, and disagreeable cry. They appear mainly at night.
Wild Beasts of the Island
WILD BEASTS OF THE ISLAND KJV phrase for a beast identified by modern translations as the hyena or jackal. See Hyena.
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 3, H–L
hyena. A scavenging carnivore larger than a wolf, common in Africa and Asia. The rendering “hyena” is used by the NIV and the NRSV for Hebrew ʾî H363 (Isa. 13:22; 34:14; Jer. 50:39), by the NRSV for ṣābûaʿ H7380 (only Jer. 12:9, but cf. the place name ṣĕbōʿîm H7391, Zeboim, 1 Sam. 13:18; Neh.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
HYENA, hī-ēʹna (צָבוּעַ‎, çābhūa [Jer 12:9]; LXX ὑαίνη, huaínē [Jer 12:9; Ecclus 13:18]; cf Arab. ضَبْع or ضَبُع‎, ḍab‘ or ḍabu‘, “hyaena”; cf צְב̇עִים‎, çebhō‘īm, Zeboim [1 S 13:18; Neh 11:34]; also cf צִבְעו̇ן‎, çibh‘ōn, Zibeon [Gen 36:2, 14, 20; 1 Ch 1:38];’ but not צְב̇יִים‎, çebhōyīm, Zeboüm
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
HYENA [צָבוּעַtsavuʿa, ὕαινα huaina]. The NRSV uses “hyena” for various other Hebrew animal terms, often following the LXX (e.g., Isa 13:22; 34:14; Jer 50:39). See ANIMALS OF THE BIBLE.