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Huramabi
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A skilled craftsman and metalworker from Tyre. Assisted in building the Solomonic temple. Responsible for the decoration of the temple and the pillars Jachin and Boaz (1 Kgs 7:13–47).The accounts of the temple building in 1 Kings and 2 Chronicles vary, making full identification of Hiram the Artisan and his role in the building difficult. The differences affect the identification of Hiram in three ways:1. The individual responsible for bringing him to work on the templea. First Kings 7:13 indicates that Solomon brought Hiramb. Second Chronicles 2:13 indicates that Hiram, king of Tyre sent Hiram.2. The extent to which he was responsible for decorating the templea. First Kings 7:14 indicates that Hiram was a bronze-smithb. Second Chronicles 2:14 portrays Hiram as a versatile artisan skillful in extensive craftwork3. The tribal identity of his mothera. First Kings 7:14 indicates that his mother was from the tribe of Naphtalib. Second Chronicles 2:14 indicates that she was from the tribe of Dan.While Hiram’s father was Tyrian, the tribe of his mother, a widow, is debated. If Hiram’s mother is from the tribe of Dan, his parentage shows a close relationship between the Tyrians and Danites. Katzenstein argues that this relationship is demonstrated by the Danites having worked as “seasonal workers” in the ports of Tyre and Sidon (Katzenstein, The History of Tyre, 66–67). Dillard argues that if Hiram’s mother was from the tribe of Naphtali, the Chronicler may have intentionally changed his mother’s descent to compare Hiram to another Danite craftsman, Oholiab, who was responsible for the equipping of the tabernacle (Dillard, 2 Chronicles, 20). This may be the reason why the Chronicler refers to Hiram as “Huram-abim,” which makes Hiram’s connection to Oholiab more explicit. However, the element “–abi” could simply mean “Master,” so Huram-abi, “Master Huram” (compare 2 Chr 2:13 NEB).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Hiram the Artisan
Hiram the Artisan (הִירָם‎, hiram). A skilled craftsman and metalworker from Tyre. Assisted in building the Solomonic temple. Responsible for the decoration of the temple and the pillars Jachin and Boaz (1 Kgs 7:13–47).The accounts of the temple building in 1 Kings and 2 Chronicles vary, making full
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Hiram (Person)
HIRAM (PERSON) [Heb ḥı̂rām (חִירָם)]. Var. HURAM, HURAMABI. The name of two persons in the Hebrew Bible, both associated in some way with Tyre.1. A king of Tyre (ca. 969–936 b.c.e.) who was involved in commercial relations with David and Solomon (2 Sam 5:11; 1 Kgs 5:15—Eng 5:1). There is some confusion
Huram (Person)
HURAM (PERSON) [Heb ḥûrām (חוּרָם‎)]. 1. A son of Bela and grandson of Benjamin (1 Chr 8:5). The lists of Benjamin’s sons (Genesis 46; Numbers 26) exhibit considerable variations which are difficult to explain. The two lists of Bela’s sons (1 Chr 7:7; 8:3–5) also differ quite considerably. The Syriac
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Huram-abi
Huram-abi. Alternate name for Hiram, Solomon’s temple architect, in 2 Chronicles 2:13 and 4:16.See Hiram #2.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Huram-Abi
Huram-Abi hūrʹəm-ā-bī, hoo̅rʹəm-ə-bē:̈psg: [Heb. ḥûrām ʾāḇî—‘Huram my father’; Gk. ho Chiram ho patḗr mou]; AV “Huram my father” (2 Ch. 2:13), “Huram his father” (4:16); NEB “master Huram.” See Huram 1.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Huram-Abi
HURAM-ABI Alternate name for Hiram, Solomon’s temple craftsman, in 2 Chronicles 2:13 and 4:16. See Hiram #2.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Hiram
Hiram (hi´ruhm; a short form of Ahiram, Heb., “my brother is exalted” or “brother of the exalted one”; rendered as Huram in 1 and 2 Chronicles).1 Hiram I, the king of Tyre, and a contemporary of David and Solomon. The son of Abibaal, Hiram I was nineteen years old when he ascended the throne, and he
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Hiram
Hiram (Heb. ḥɩ̂rām)1. Hiram I, king of Tyre (969–935 b.c.e.), who lived on friendly terms with both David and Solomon. The Biblical Hebrew form of the name is a shortened version of the Phoenician Ahiram, which has been discovered on an inscribed sarcophagus at Byblos as the name of a king there.
Huram
Huram (Heb. ḥûrām) (also HIRAM, HURAM-ABI)1. A Tyrian metal worker employed by Solomon for technical assistance in the ornamentation of the temple (1 Kgs. 7:13–14, 40, 45 = 2 Chr. 2:13–14; 4:11–16). His father was Tyrian and his mother an Israelite from Naphtali (1 Kgs. 7:14; 2 Chr. 2:14 identifies
Huram-Abi
Huram-Abi (Heb. ḥûrāmʾāḇɩ̂)The Tyrian craftsman employed by Solomon for the metalwork of the temple (2 Chr. 2:13).See Hiram 2; Huram 1.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Huram-Abi
Huram-Abi [hŏorˊəm āˊbē] (Heb. ḥûrām ˒āḇî “Huram is my father”).† The Tyrian craftsman employed by Solomon for the metalwork of the temple (2 Chr. 2:13; KJV “Huram my father”; NJV “my master Hurdam”; 4:16; KJV “Huram his father”).See Huram 2.
The Ultimate Who’s Who in the Bible
Huram
Huram [Hyoor-am](Hebrew origin: Noble)(1 Chronicles 8:5). 17th century b.c. Huram was one of the sons of Bela, the firstborn of Benjamin.(2 Chronicles 2:3). 10th century b.c. Huram—called Hiram in the second book of Samuel—king of Tyre, was a close ally of both David and Solomon. (Please see the entry
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Huramabi
HURAMABI (Hū răm aʹ bĭ) Personal name, perhaps meaning “my father is an exalted brother.” NASB, NIV, NRSV name for Huram/Hiram, the skilled artisan that Hiram, king of Tyre, sent to Solomon to help build the temple (2 Chron. 2:13). See Huram.
All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture
Hiram
Hiram [-rum] (חירם, “Brother of the Exalted One”) (1) king of Tyre (986–935 bce) and friend and supporter of David and Solomon (2 Sam. 5:11) (2) Tyrian architect and bronze worker; same as Huram (3); also known as Hiram-abi or Huram-abi (1 Kings 7:13)
Huram
Huram [hyoo-rum] (חורם, variant of חירם‎, Hiram) (1) a Benjaminite; probably the same as Hupham (1 Chron. 8:5) (2) the same as Hiram (1) (3) also known as Huram-abi (חורם־אבי, “Huram Is My Father”); the chief architect of the temple (2 Chron. 2:14)
Huram-Abi
Huram-AbiPossibly the finest foundryman of all time was Huram-Abi, a Phoenician from Tyre, whose name is often written as Hiram-Abi. Although a protégé of Hiram the king of Tyre, he is not to be confused with him and was not of his family.His mother was Jewish, of the tribe of Naphtali, and his father
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
HURAM
HURAM, HURAM-ABI hyoor´uhm, hyoor´uhm-ay´bi [חוּרָםkhuram, חוּרָם־אָבִיkhuram-ʾavi]. 1. Huram is the name of the craftsman who made the bronze implements for the Temple according to 2 Chr 4:11 (Huram-abi 4:16). In 1 Kgs 7 he is identified as HIRAM (khirom חִירוֹם‎).2. The name of the king of Tyre,
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