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Household of Potiphar
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Commander of Pharaoh’s imperial guard. He purchased Joseph from the Midianites or Ishmaelites (Gen 37:36; 39:1). Joseph eventually became overseer of Potiphar’s household until Potiphar’s wife falsely accused Joseph, leading to his imprisonment (Gen 39:4, 20). For further details on Joseph and Potiphar, see this article: Joseph, Son of Jacob.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Potiphar
Potiphar (פּוֹטִיפַר‎, potiphar). Commander of Pharaoh’s imperial guard. He purchased Joseph from the Midianites or Ishmaelites (Gen 37:36; 39:1). Joseph eventually became overseer of Potiphar’s household until Potiphar’s wife falsely accused Joseph, leading to his imprisonment (Gen 39:4, 20). For further
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Potiphar (Person)
POTIPHAR (PERSON) [Heb pôtı̂par (פֹּותִיפַר)]. The name of the first master of Joseph (Gen 37:36; 39:1). The name belongs to a common Egyptian type attested from the 10th century b.c. through Roman times (although sporadic examples may be found in the 11th century b.c.), and means “He-whom- (the sun
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Potiphar
Potiphar. Officer who purchased Joseph when he arrived in Egypt after being sold by his brothers to the Ishmaelites/Midianites (Gn 37:36; 39:1). The word translated “officer” is derived from an Akkadian word for a court official. By the 1st millennium the meaning eunuch was attached to the term; hence,
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Potiphar
Potipharpot’ə-fər [Heb. pôṭîp̱ar]. The Egyptian officer to whom the Midianites sold Joseph (Gen. 37:36; cf. 37:25, 27f.; 39:1; Jgs. 8:24) and in whose household Joseph rose to a position of authority (Gen. 39:1–6). The form of the name of Potiphar is Egyp p3-di̓-p3-Rʿ, “he whom Re [the sun-god]
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Potiphar
POTIPHAR Officer who purchased Joseph when he arrived in Egypt after being sold by his brothers to the Ishmaelites or Midianites (Gn 37:36; 39:1). The word translated “officer” is derived from an Akkadian word for a court official. By the first millennium, the meaning “eunuch” was attached to the term;
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Potiphar
Potiphar (pot´uh-fuhr; Egyptian, “he whom Re has given”), an official of Pharaoh and captain of the guard, who purchased the patriarch Joseph in Egypt from some Midianite (Ishmaelite) merchants, who had themselves purchased him from his brothers (Gen. 37:36; 39:1). His name was actually a shortened form
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Potiphar
POTIPHAR. The Egyptian officer, “the captain of the guard,” to whom Joseph was sold when brought to Egypt by the Midianites (Gen 37:36). The mention of his being “an Egyptian” (Gen 39:1–2) may indicate that Joseph lived during the Hyksos period. Potiphar made Joseph “overseer of his house,” but later
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Potiphar
POTIPHAR. A high officer of Pharaoh, to whom the Midianites sold Joseph (Gn. 37:36; 39:1), and in whose household Joseph became chief steward (Gn. 39). His name is Egyptian, of the type P’-di-X, X being a deity. The simplest, but not wholly satisfactory, explanation of Potiphar is that it is an abbreviated
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Potiphar
Potiphar (Heb. pôṭɩ̂p̱ar)The individual who purchased Joseph from the Ishmaelites (or Midianites) in Egypt after he was sold by his brothers (Gen. 37:36; 39:1–6). His name was apparently a short form of Potiphera, the name of Joseph’s father-in-law (Gen. 41:45; 46:20), which means “he whom Re (the
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Potiphar
Potiphar [pŏtˊ ə fär] (Heb. pôṭîp̱ar; Egyp. pƷ-di̓-pƷ-R˓ “the one given [sent] by Re [the sun-deity]”). The officer and captain of Pharaoh’s guard who purchased Joseph from the itinerant Midianites/Ishmalites and became his master (Gen. 37:36; 39:1–6a). He later imprisoned Joseph after his wife
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Potiphar
POTIPHAR An Egyptian official who was the first master of the patriarch Joseph (Gen 37:36) and who named Joseph his chief steward (Gen 39:4). Potiphar is described as “an officer of Pharaoh, the captain of the guard” (Gen 39:1). The wife of Potiphar became enamored of Joseph; when he refused her advances,
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Potiphar
Pot´iphar, an Egyptian name, also written Potipherah, signifies belonging to the sun. Potiphar, with whom the history of Joseph is connected, is described as “an officer of Pharaoh, chief of the executioners, an Egyptian.” Gen. 39:1; comp. 37:36. (b.c. 1728.) He appears to have been a wealthy man. Gen.
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