AHAB (PERSON) [Heb ʾaḥʾāb (אַחְאָב)]. The name of two persons in the Hebrew Bible.1. Son and successor of Omri, who ruled N Israel during the second quarter of the 9th century b.c. The exact dates of his reign are disputed: 871–852 b.c. (Begrich 1929; Jepsen and Hanhart BZAW 88); 874–853 (Thiele 1965);
BAAL (DEITY) [Heb baʿal (בַּעַל)]. Canaanite storm and fertility god. The name, which means “lord,” is an epithet of the god Hadad (lit. “thunderer”). Well-known from the OT, he is now extremely well-attested in the Ugaritic texts, in addition to being mentioned in other ancient texts.A.Baal in Extrabiblical
Baal. Name of the most prominent Canaanite deity. As the god of fertility in the Canaanite pantheon (roster of gods), Baal’s sphere of influence included agriculture, animal husbandry, and human sexuality. The word Baal occurs in the OT in combination with other terms, such as place-names (Baal-peor,
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
1. The seventh king of Israel (ca 874–852 b.c.), and son of Omri. Ahab followed a wise policy in defense, entering into alliance with Phoenicia, Judah, and even his erstwhile enemies the Arameans. On the other hand, he fell under the influence of his fanatical pagan queen Jezebel, who led him to worship
BAAL (Idol) Name of the most prominent Canaanite deity. As the god of fertility in the Canaanite pantheon (roster of gods), Baal’s sphere of influence included agriculture, animal husbandry, and human sexuality. The word Baal occurs in the OT in combination with other terms, such as place-names (Baal-peor,
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Ahab (ay´hab).1 The king of Israel, the northern kingdom, ca. 869–850 bce; he was the son and successor of Omri. His queen was Jezebel, daughter of Ethbaal, king of Tyre. Ahab inherited his father’s military prowess and maintained a strong and stable government. He successfully defended his country
Baal (bay´uhl, bah-ahl´), a Canaanite god. The Semitic word ba‘al means “owner,” “husband,” “lord,” or “master.” It can be used as a common or proper noun. In the latter case it refers to the god Baal. In the Bible it is not always clear which use is intended. There is an additional complication in using
BAAL. The Hebrew noun ba‘al means ‘master’, ‘possessor’ or ‘husband’. Used with suffixes, e.g. Baal-peor or Baal-berith, the word may have retained something of its original sense; but in general Baal is a proper name in the OT, and refers to a specific deity, Hadad, the W Semitic storm-god, the most
Ahab (Heb. ʾaḥʾāḇ)1. King of Israel (ca. 875–854 b.c.e.) and successor to his father Omri, who arranged a marriage between Ahab and Jezebel, daughter of King Ethbaal of Tyre, to secure good relations between Phoenicia and Israel. Ahab’s 70 sons in Samaria were murdered by Jehu in his coup (2 Kgs.
Baal (Heb. baʿal) (DEITY)The Canaanite storm- and fertility-god. As an epithet for various West Semitic deities, especially Hadad, the name means “lord,” designating a legal state of ownership or social superiority. With the obvious exception of Yahweh, Baal is the most significant deity in the OT.
BAAL בעלI. The name baʿal is a common Semitic noun meaning ‘lord, owner’. Applied to a god it occurs about 90 times in the OT. The LXX transcribes Βααλ, Vulgate Baal, plural Βααλιμ and Baalim. Though normally an appellative, the name is used in Ugaritic religion as the proper name of a deity. Also in
BAAL-ZAPHON בעל צפוןI. Baal-zaphon literally means the ‘lord of (mount) →Zaphon’ and it is a designation of the Ugaritic god →Baal. Due to mount Zaphon’s image as the cosmic mountain par excellence in Northwest-Semitic religions, the name ‘Baal-zaphon’ was transferred to further Baal-sanctuaries outside
BAAL (Hebrew, “Lord” or “Master”) The name of the most important Canaanite deity, the god of rain, storms, and fertility. The god was worshipped under a variety of titles and in various ways. In Canaanite mythology, Baal merges with the Semitic storm god Hadad (“Thunderer”). Although El was the father
Baal (Heb. בַּעַל, Gk. Βάαλ or Βαάλ). The word, which means literally ‘lord’ or ‘owner’, e.g. of a house (Ex. 22:7, [EVV22:8],Jgs. 19:22), was used esp. of the Semitic deities who were held to produce agricultural and animal fertility. The discoveries at*Ras Shamra (ancient Ugarit) in Syria from