Loading…
Hosts of Heaven
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Hosts of Heaven
Hosts of Heaven (צְבָ֣א הַשָּׁמָ֑יִם‎, tseva' hashshamayim). Army of angelic beings or pantheon of demonic false gods. Sometimes used to refer to the sun, moon, and stars.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Hosts, Host of Heaven
HOSTS, HOST OF HEAVEN. The term ṣābāʾ, pl. ṣĕbāʾôt (masc. pl. 2x; Pss 103:21; 148:2 [Q]), commonly translated “host,” “hosts,” denotes primarily a military retinue or army, a meaning consistent with its common Semitic etymology (cf. Akk. ṣābu; Old South Arabic ḍbʾ; Eth. ḍabʾa/ṣabʾa; Ug. ṣbʾu).
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Host, Host of Heaven
Host, Host of Heaven. Hebrew expressions found frequently in the OT and literally meaning “army” and “army of the skies.” Host is basically a military term, occurring nearly 500 times in the OT, and can mean “army” (2 Kgs 18:17), “angels,” “heavenly bodies,” or “creation.”The phrase “host of heaven”
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Host of Heaven
Host of Heaven[Heb eḇāʾ haššāmayim]. The expression is employed in the OT to denote (1) the stars, frequently as objects of idolatry (Dt. 4:19; 17:3; 2 K. 17:16; 21:3, 5; 23:4f.; Jer. 8:2; 19:13; Zeph. 1:5), but also as witnesses, in their number, order, and splendor, to the majesty and providential
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Host, Host of Heaven
HOST, HOST OF HEAVEN* Hebrew expressions found frequently in the OT and literally meaning “army” and “army of the skies.” “Host” is basically a military term, occurring nearly 500 times in the OT, and can mean “army” (2 Kgs 18:17), “angels,” “heavenly bodies,” or “creation.”The phrase “host of heaven”
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Host, Heavenly
host, heavenly. The term “host” refers to a multitude or army, but in the Bible it is used almost exclusively for heavenly beings. The title “Lord of hosts” is given the God of Israel (1 Sam. 1:3, 11; 4:4; 15:2; 17:45; 2 Sam. 6:2, 18; 7:8, 26–27; 1 Kings 18:15); a slight variation is “the Lord, the God
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Host of Heaven
HOST OF HEAVEN. The Heb. expression ṣbā˒ hashshāmayim, “army of the skies,” is found c. 18 times in the OT. The Heb. word ṣābā˒ occurs nearly 500 times in the OT and usually means “army.”Since the realms of the earth and heaven were closely associated in the the thinking of the ancients, the heathen
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Host, Host of Heaven
HOST, HOST OF HEAVEN. In rsv, the word most commonly translated ‘host’ is ṣāḇā’, used nearly 400 times. ḥayil is also translated ‘host’ a number of times (but see *Army), while maḥaneh (‘host’ in av) is translated ‘camp’ or ‘encampment’. Each of these words, with due regard to its special emphasis,
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Host of Heaven
Host of HeavenHeavenly bodies, specifically the sun, moon, and stars (Deut. 4:19), or heavenly beings, especially angels (Neh. 9:6; Ps. 103:20–21). Israel was prohibited from worshipping heavenly bodies (Deut. 17:3, 5; 2 Kgs. 23:4–5), but it did so (Jer. 19:13; Zeph. 1:5), even during the Exodus (Acts
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Host of Heaven
Host of Heaven (Heb. eḇā˒ has̆s̆āmayim). † Old Testament name for the celestial bodies. Derived from military usage (cf. Gen. 21:22, 32; Judg. 4:2, KJV; RSV “army”), the term connotes the vastness of creation, over which the Lord exercises command (Isa. 34:4; 45:12; Jer. 33:22; cf. Isa.
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Host of Heaven
HOST OF HEAVEN צבא השׁמיםI. At the origin of the conception of a ‘host of heaven’ stands the metaphor of →Yahweh as warrior. When waging his wars, Yahweh was helped by warriors and an army (e.g. 2 Kgs 6:17; 7:6; Isa 13:4–5; Joel 4:11; Hab 3:8; Ps 68:18). Only a few examples of this military background
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Hosts of Heaven
HOSTS OF HEAVEN God is called “Lord of hosts” (“Yahweh Sabaoth”) some three hundred times in the Old Testament and twice in the New Testament (Rom 9:29; Jas 5:4). The name expresses the majesty and power of God (cf. 1 Sam 4:4, 8; Ps 24:7–10); it is used especially in apocalyptic contexts in reference
Key passages
Dt 4:19

And do this so that you do not lift your eyes toward heaven and observe the sun and the moon and the stars, all the host of the heaven, and be led astray and bow down to them and serve them, things that Yahweh your God has allotted to all of the peoples under all of the heaven.

1 Ki 22:19

And he said, “Therefore, hear the word of Yahweh. I saw Yahweh sitting on his throne with all the hosts of heaven standing beside him from his right hand and from his left hand.