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Hosea (prophet)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A prophet whose predominantly punitive oracles are recorded in the book of Hosea. His name means “Yahweh has rescued,” and he prophesied in the eighth century bc during the reigns of Uzziah and Jeroboam II. At God’s command, Hosea married a harlot for the purpose of analogizing Israel’s unfaithfulness.Following Jeroboam II’s successful military campaigns (2 Kgs 14:25–26), Israel experienced a time of economic prosperity and freedom. However, as the Israelites’ wealth increased, their spiritual condition decreased—ultimately leading them to abandon their covenant with God (Hos 6:7; 8:1).Hosea metaphorically portrayed the theme of covenant-breaking as a marriage, with his unfaithful wife, Gomer, depicting Israel’s unfaithfulness toward God. Israel manifested its unfaithfulness most poignantly in its apostasy (4:1–13). Instead of trusting in God, Israel’s leaders led the nation astray by seeking foreign alliances (Hos 5:13). Because of the nation’s spiritual adultery, Hosea pronounced many oracles of judgment that are recorded in Hos 4–12. These judgments are characteristic of the language conveyed in the Deuteronomical curses (Deut 28:17–18; 32:24–28). The book of Hosea ends with a flicker of hope, however, stating that God, Israel’s faithful husband, will not give up on His bride. He promises to heal her and bring her back in the land (Hos 14:1–9).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Hosea the Prophet
Hosea the Prophet (הוֹשֵׁעַ‎, hoshea'). A prophet whose predominantly punitive oracles are recorded in the book of Hosea. His name means “Yahweh has rescued,” and he prophesied in the eighth century bc during the reigns of Uzziah and Jeroboam II. At God’s command, Hosea married a harlot for the purpose
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Hoshea (Person)
HOSHEA (PERSON) [Heb hôšēaʿ (הֹושֵׁעַ‎)]. 1. The earlier name of Joshua, the son of Nun (Num 13:8; cf. Deut. 32:44), which Moses, for some unspecified reason, changed to Joshua (v 16). This Ephraimite was among the twelve scouts whom Moses, at Yahweh’s command, dispatched N from the wilderness of Paran
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Hosea (Person)
Hosea (Person). Prophet of ancient Israel whose sphere of activity was the northern kingdom. Little is known of him outside of the prophetic book that bears his name. His prophetic ministry is best placed in the third quarter of the 8th century bc. His name means “help” or “helper,” and is based on the
Hoshea
Hoshea. 1. Original name of Joshua, the son of Nun and Moses’ successor, before his name was changed by Moses (Nm 13:8, 16).See Joshua (Person) #1.2. Son of Elah and the last of the 19 kings of the northern kingdom of Israel (2 Kgs 17:1–6). He reigned for 9 years (732–723 bc) before being taken captive
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Hosea
Hosea hō-zāʹə [Heb. hôšē (a)ʿ; Gk. Hōsēe (Rom. 9:25)]; AV NT OSEE. A prophet of the 8th cent. b.c. whose oracles have been preserved in the book that bears his name. I. The ProphetA. Name and MinistryB. Historical and Religious ContextC. Marriage II. The BookA. Form and ContentB. Message
Hoshea
Hoshea hō-shēʹe [Heb. hôšē (a)ʿ—‘little Joshua’ or ‘may Yahweh save’]; AV OSHEA (Nu. 13:8, 16).1. The early name of Joshua son of Nun, before Moses changed it (Nu. 13:8, 16). According to Dt. 32:44, the original form persisted for some time.2. The son of Azaziah. An officer in David’s army, he
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Hosea (Person)
HOSEA (Person) Prophet of ancient Israel whose sphere of activity was the northern kingdom. Little is known of him outside of the prophetic book that bears his name. His prophetic ministry is best placed in the third quarter of the eighth century bc. His name means “help” or “helper,” and is based on
Hoshea
HOSHEA1. Original name of Joshua, the son of Nun and Moses’ successor, before his name was changed by Moses (Nm 13:8, 16). See Joshua (Person) #1.2. Son of Elah and the last of the 20 kings of the northern kingdom of Israel (2 Kgs 17:1–6). He reigned for nine years (732–723 bc) before being taken captive
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Hoshea
Hoshea (hoh-shee´uh; Heb., “salvation”).1 The original name of Joshua (Num. 13:8; cf. Deut. 32:44). Moses changed his name from Hoshea to Joshua (Num. 13:16).2 The last king of Israel (ca. 732–724 bce), the son of Elah (2 Kings 15:30), and a contemporary of Ahaz and Hezekiah. Hoshea usurped the throne
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Hosea
HOSEA. An OT prophet of the 8th cen., the only writing prophet who lived in the northern kingdom, expect possibly Jonah. His name means “salvation” and is identical with the original form of Joshua’s name (Num 13:8) and that of Hoshea (q.v.), the last king of Israel (2 Kgs 15:30).Hosea, the son of Beeri
Hoshea
HOSHEA1. the original name of Joshua (Deut 32:44), sometimes called Oshea (Num 13:8), but changed by Moses to Joshua (Num 13:16, RSV). See Joshua.2. Son of Azaziah and a prince of the tribe of Ephraim in the time of David (1 Chr 27:20).3. The son of Elah, and the last king of Israel (2 Kgs 15:30;
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Hoshea
HOSHEA (Heb. hôšēa‘). 1. The original name of Joshua (Nu. 13:8; cf. Dt. 32:44) which was changed by Moses (Nu. 13:16).2. An official placed by David over the Ephraimites (1 Ch. 27:20).3. The son of Elah; the 20th and last king of the N kingdom of Israel, who wrested the throne from Pekah by assassinating
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Hoshea
Hoshea (Heb. hôšēaʿ)1. The original name of Joshua (Num. 13:8, 16; Deut. 32:44).2. The last king of northern Israel (732–724 b.c.e.). Hoshea, allied with Assyria, assassinated Pekah (736–732), who along with the kings of other petty nations had rebelled against Assyrian suzerainty (2 Kgs. 15:30).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Hosea
Hosea [hō zāˊə] (Heb. hôšēa˓ “may Yahweh save”).† An eighth-century B.C. prophet of the northern kingdom whose message is preserved in the book of Hosea. The Hebrew form of his name is identical to that of Hoshea. At Rom. 9:25 the KJV renders the name as Osee.Apart from the name of his father,
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Hoshea
HOSHEA (Hebrew hôśēaʿ)1. The first name of Joshua, son of Nun (Num 13:8, 16; Deut 32:44) before it was changed by Moses.2. The son of Elah and the last king of Israel (ca. 732–724 b.c.; 2 Kgs 15:30). Hoshea assassinated his predecessor, Pekah, following the latter’s defeat at the hands of the Assyrians
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Hosea
Hose´a (salvation), son of Beeri, and first of the minor prophets. Probably the life, or rather the prophetic career, of Hosea extended from b.c. 784 to 725, a period of fifty-nine years. The prophecies of Hosea were delivered in the kingdom of Israel. Jeroboam II was on the throne, and Israel was at
Hoshea
Hoshe´a (salvation).1. The nineteenth, last and best king of Israel. He succeeded Pekah, whom he slew in a successful conspiracy, thereby fulfilling a prophecy of Isaiah. Isa. 7:16. In the third year of his reign (b.c. 726) Shalmaneser cruelly stormed the strong caves of Beth-arbel, Hos. 8:14, and made
See also
Relatives
Beeri Father
Diblaim Father-In-Law
Gomer Wife
Jezreel Son
Loammi Son
Lo-ruhamah Daughter
Lo-ruhamah Child
Roles
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