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Horsemen at Paul’s Trial
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Antonius Felix
Antonius Felix The fourth governor/procurator of Judaea during the time of emperor Claudius and an important figure in the imprisonment of Paul (Acts 23–24).
Caesarea
Caesarea (Καισάρεια, Kaisareia). Also known as Caesarea Maritima. A major city on the northern coast of Judaea, located on the Mediterranean Sea and named for Caesar Augustus. Built at the end of the first century bc by Herod the Great, it was the location of some events recorded in the book of Acts.
Paul the Apostle
Paul the Apostle (Παῦλος, Paulos). The “apostle to the Gentiles” who spread the message about Jesus Christ throughout the ancient world through his missionary efforts. Several of his letters are included in the New Testament canon.
Paul the Apostle, Critical Issues
Paul the Apostle, Critical Issues Examines scholarly topics related to the Apostle Paul, including:• the extent of the Pauline corpus;• the doctrine of justification by faith;• identification of Paul’s opponents;• Paul’s views regarding women;• the teachings of Paul and Jesus; and• cultural influences
Paul, New Perspective On
Paul, New Perspective On Paul, New Perspective on. A distinct scholarly viewpoint regarding the Apostle Paul’s attitudes toward Judaism, justification, righteousness, law, and salvation.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Caesarea (Place)
CAESAREA (PLACE) [Gk kaisareia (καισαρεια)]. A seaport located ca. 50 km N of Tel Aviv and ca. 45 km S of Haifa on the Mediterranean coast (M.R. 140212); also known as Caesarea Maritima or Caesarea Palestinae.A. Caesarea’s HistoryFor millennia before any permanent occuption occurred, the future site
Felix (Person)
FELIX (PERSON) [Gk Phēlix (Φηλιξ)]. The procurator of Palestine from a.d. 52–60 who, supposedly “possessing accurate knowledge of the Way” (Acts 24:22), heard Paul’s defense shortly after the apostle had been removed from Jerusalem to Caesarea (Acts 23:23–24:27). The little we know about Felix we learn
Paul (Person)
PAUL (PERSON) [Gk Paulos (Παυλος)]. An early Christian apostle who was perhaps the most important and creative figure in the history of the early Church, whose formulations of Christian faith as expressed in his epistles to fledgling churches have become part of the foundation for orthodox Christian
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Caesarea
Caesarea. City named in honor of Augustus Caesar, built by Herod the Great from 22 to 10 bc. The 8,000-acre site lies 25 miles south of modern Haifa, in the beautiful plain of Sharon on Israel’s Mediterranean coast. Known as Caesarea Maritima, it became the administrative center of the country throughout
Felix, Antonius
Felix, Antonius. Roman procurator (governor) of Judea (ad 52–60) succeeding Cumanus, appointed by Claudius and succeeded by Festus Porcius. Felix’s brother, Pallas, a prominent, more influential Roman, interceded on his behalf after he was recalled from his procuratorship by Nero. During his oppressive
Paul, The Apostle
Paul, The Apostle. Known as Saul of Tarsus before his conversion to Christianity and the most influential leader in the early days of the Christian church. Through his missionary journeys to Asia Minor and Europe, Paul was the primary instrument in the expansion of the gospel to the Gentiles. Moreover,
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Caesarea
Caesarea ses-ə-rḕə [Gk. Kaisar (e)ia]. A city on the Palestinian coast about 23 mi (37 km) S of Mt. Carmel and about 65 mi (105 km) NW of Jerusalem. The ancient name in its Arabic form is still associated with the ruined site of Qeiṣâriyeh.Caesarea was originally a Phoenician fortification or city
Felix
Felix fēʹliks Antonius an-tōʹni-əs[Gk Phēlix < Lat felix- ‘happy’]. A Roman procurator of Judea, appointed by the emperor Claudius to succeed Cumanus.The event that led to the introduction of Felix into the narrative of Acts was the riot at Jerusalem (Acts 21:27). There Paul, being attacked at
III. Assessment
III. AssessmentSaul’s life and character are treated in summary fashion by the Chronicler (1 Ch. 10:13f): “So Saul died for his unfaithfulness; he was unfaithful to the Lord in that he did not keep the command of the Lord, and also consulted a medium, seeking guidance, and did not seek guidance from
Paul the Apostle
Paul the Apostle [Gk. Paulos]; in Acts before his conversion and for some time afterward, SAUL [Gk. Saulos, Saoul]. I. SourcesA. Acts of the ApostlesB. Pauline Epistles1. Paul As a Letter Writer2. Dating the EpistlesC. Acts and the Epistles Compared1. In Reference to Paul Himself2. In Reference
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Caesarea
CAESAREA City named in honor of Augustus Caesar, built by Herod the Great from 22 to 10 bc. The 8,000-acre (3,240-hectare) site lies 25 miles (40 kilometers) south of modern Haifa, in the beautiful plain of Sharon on Israel’s Mediterranean coast. Known as Caesarea Maritima, it became the administrative
Felix, Antonius
FELIX, ANTONIUS Roman procurator (governor) of Judea (ad 52–60) succeeding Cumanus, appointed by Claudius and succeeded by Festus Porcius. Felix’s brother, Pallas, a prominent, more influential Roman, interceded on his behalf after he was recalled from his procuratorship by Nero. During his oppressive
Paul, the Apostle
PAUL, THE APOSTLE Prominent leader of the first-century church; apostle to the Gentiles; author of 13 NT epistles.PreviewFamily and Cultural BackgroundEducationSaul the PersecutorConversion and CallingPreparation for MinistrySent Out from AntiochTraveling with BarnabasThe Council of
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Caesarea
Caesarea (ses´uh-ree´uh), a seaport on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean between the ancient cities of Dor and Jaffa. It was often called Caesarea Maritima to distinguish it from Caesarea Philippi and other cities named in honor of the Roman emperor, but in the nt it is always called simply “Caesarea.”
Felix, Antonius
Felix, Antonius (fee´liks, an-tohn´ee-uhs), Roman procurator of Judea ca. 52–59 ce. According to the historians Josephus, Suetonius, and Tacitus, he was brutal in his rule, instigating the murder of the high priest Jonathan and allowing a violent pogrom against Jews in Caesarea. He owed his position
Paul
Paulpaul the apostle was the most effective missionary of early Christianity and the most prominent of the church’s early theologians. Almost half of the books of the nt are attributed to him. Whatever else is said about Paul, he does not appear to have been “typical.” He was not “a typical Jew,” “a
Saul
Saul (sawl).1 A Benjaminite from the mountain village of Gibeah who became Israel’s first king. According to biblical tradition Saul was divinely appointed in response to a popular demand for a king, but he was not long in favor with God, who rejected him for disobedience. He spent much of his reign
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Caesarea
CAESAREA. Two cities in the NT are so named.Crusader Walls and Moat at Caesarea. HFV1. Caesarea was the capital of Judea under the Roman procurators (e.g., Pilate). It had been rebuilt and renamed from Strato’s Tower to Caesarea Sebaste (in honor of Augustus) by Herod the Great. Located on the coast
Felix, Antonius
FELIX, ANTONIUS. Procurator of Judea under Claudius and Nero (a.d. 52–60), and one before whom Paul was brought to trial in Caesarea (Acts 23:24–24:27). The descriptions by Tacitus (Annals xii. 54 and Histories v. 9) are classic. “He thought he could do any evil act with impunity,” and “(He) exercised
Paul
PAULBackgroundModern studies of Paul once again are emphasizing the fact of his Jewishness. Of the various strands within his cultural milieu, this seems basic. Writers such as W. D. Davies, Paul and Rabbinic Judaism (1948); J. Munck, Paul and the Salvation of Mankind (1959); H. J. Schoeps, Paul: The
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Caesarea
CAESAREA. This magnificent city, built by Herod the Great on the site of Strato’s Tower, stood on the Mediterranean shore 37 km S of Mt Carmel and about 100 km NW of Jerusalem. Named in honour of the Roman emperor Caesar Augustus, it was the Roman metropolis of Judaea and the official residence both
Felix
FELIX. Brother of Claudius’ favourite, the *freedman Pallas, through whose influence he was appointed procurator of Judaea. His name is usually taken to have been Antonius Felix (Tacitus, Hist. 5. 9), but the mss of Josephus (Ant. 20.137), as of Suidas, read ‘Claudius Felix’, though this is usually emended
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Caesarea
Caesarea (Gk. Kaisáreia)Caesarea Maritima (1399.2115), a major Greek and Roman port city on the Mediterranean ca.40 km. (25 mi.) N of Tel Aviv; known also as Caesarea Palestinae, “Caesarea of Palestine.” Herod the Great built it between 22 and 10/9 b.c.e., on the site of an earlier Phoenician and Greek
Felix
Felix (Gk. Phḗlix; Lat. Felix)Antonius Felix, governor (procurator) of the Roman province of Judea from 52 to ca. 59 c.e., mentioned in connection with the two-year imprisonment of Paul at Caesarea, the provincial capital (Acts 23–25). Jewish leaders accused Paul of disrupting synagogues outside of
Paul
Paul (Gk. Paúlos)Except for Jesus, no one influenced the development of early Christianity more than Paul. He was the foremost apologist for the gentile mission, and the most eloquent defender of the centrality of Jewish traditions, Scriptures, deity, and morality for his predominantly gentile churches.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Caesarea
Caesarea [sĕsˊə rēˊə] (Gk. Kaisareia). A city on the Palestinian coast, about 37 km. (23 mi.) south of Mt. Carmel, and about 105 km. (65 mi.) northwest of Jerusalem.
Felix
Felix [fēˊlĭks] (Gk. Phēlix, from Lat. felix “happy”). Antonius Felix, a freedman of emperor Claudius who became procurator of Judea. He probably ruled first over only a portion of Samaria, but in A.D. 48 or 52 was installed as procurator over Judea by Quadratus, the governor of Syria. The relationship
Paul
Paul [pôl] (Gk. Paulos).† A leading persecutor of Christians who became the Christian apostle to the Gentiles, known through his letters and the Acts of the Apostles.
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Caesarea
CAESAREA Named by its founder, Herod the Great, in honor of Caesar Augustus, the city was the capital of the Roman province of Judea for about 600 years. The name was preserved in its Arabic form as Qaisariyeh. To distinguish it from other cities of the same name and founded at the same time it was also
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Chronology of Paul
Chronology of paulPauline chronology is concerned to establish the sequence and (where possible) the dates of events in Paul’s life. It is an area which has attracted much complex theorizing: this article will attempt simply to set out the parameters of the problem as clearly as possible.1. Sources
James
James and paulSince the Reformation James and Paul have often been viewed as having contradictory theologies, one focusing on works (see Works of the Law) and the other on grace. An examination of the critical texts shows, however, that in reality the two men used similar terms differently in separate
Jew, Paul the
Jew, paul theIn recent years a significant change has taken place in Pauline scholarship. During the first half of the twentieth century the dominant “history of religions” school emphasized a Hellenistic approach to Paul: Paul was understood to be a Hellenized Jew of the Diaspora. For example, R. Bultmann
Old Testament in Paul
Old testament in paulAlthough many Jews in the first century saw the Christian gospel as antithetical to their faith, Paul regarded his message as the fulfillment of God’s promises to Israel. His letters are therefore filled with OT references used to clarify and defend the gospel. This feature, unquestionably,