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Horse
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Horse
Horse (פָּרָשׁ‎, parash; רֶכֶב‎, rekhev; סוּס‎, sus; ἵππος, hippos). Animal used to form cavalries for purposes of war (1 Kgs 4:26; 10:26, 29; Isa 28:28; Ezek 27:14; Joel 2:4). For further information, see this article: Stallion.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Horse
Horse[Heb sûs; Ugar. ssw; Akk. sisū; Egyp ssmt] (Ex. 15:1; etc.); [Heb. ʾabbîr; Egyp ibr]; RSV “steeds” (Jgs. 5:22), “stallions” (Jer. 8:16); AV “mighty ones,” “strong ones,” “bulls” (Jer. 50:11); NEB “chargers”; [Heb. reḵeš]; RSV “steeds” (Mic. 1:13), “swift horses” (Est. 8:14), “swift steeds”;
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Horse
horse. The horse (Equus caballus) was first domesticated in the Eurasian steppes around 3000 bce, and horses were introduced into the Near East by the Hyksos in the first half of the second millennium bce. With horse-drawn chariots, the Hyksos managed to besiege the whole Near East. Horse burials—probably
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Horse
HorseFirst introduced to Palestine by the Hyksos in the early 2nd millennium b.c.e., horses are usually mentioned in contexts where they are harnessed to a chariot or ridden in the cavalry. Horses always belonged to royalty since only kings could afford their maintenance. They had little value for the
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Horse
Horse (Heb. sûs, pārāš, ˒abbîr, reḵeš; Gk. híppos). In the ancient Near East the horse was used for military, transportation, and hunting purposes (for the wealthy), and only rarely for pulling burdens or in agriculture. The horse appears in the Bible in the contexts of war and ceremony,
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Horse
HORSE First introduced into the Near East in abundance with the arrival of various Indo-European peoples in the early second millennium b.c., the horse had been known in Mesopotamia at least a thousand years before that. The Indo-Europeans, in particular the Hittite and Hyksos, used horses in the development
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Horse
Horse. The most striking feature in the biblical notices of the horse is the exclusive application of it to warlike operations; in no instance is that useful animal employed for the purposes of ordinary locomotion or agriculture, if we except Isa. 28:28. The animated description of the horse in Job 39:19–25
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Horse
HORSE. See Animal Kingdom: Horse; Dromedary; and also the article Horses, Horsemen in the general listing.
Horses, Horsemen
HORSES, HORSEMEN. In antiquity the Hittites cultivated horses. This animal seems to have been introduced from inner Asia. Horses were bred by the fierce Mitanni, who wrote about them in Hittite cuneiform. Even as a cart horse it was apparently unknown in Egypt even in the great Pyramid Age (2800–2400
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Horse
Horsealways referred to in the Bible in connection with warlike operations, except Isa. 28:28. The war-horse is described Job 39:19–25. For a long period after their settlement in Canaan the Israelites made no use of horses, according to the prohibition, Deut. 17:16. David was the first to form a force
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Horse
Horsehorse, a large solid-hoofed mammal. The horse (Equus caballus) was first domesticated in the Eurasian steppes, probably around 3000 b.c. Horses were introduced into Palestine by the Hyksos in the first half of the second millennium b.c. With their horse-drawn chariots the Hyksos managed to besiege
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
Horse
HorseIn the Bible the horse most often appears in the context of battle. Horses were used to pull war chariots. Later, as better saddles and riding gear were developed, cavalry units appeared in some Near Eastern armies (Yadin, 4–5.) Because it was essential for success in battle, the horse became a